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Home > Catalog > |Roman Coins| > |The Adoptive Emperors| > |Marcus Aurelius| > JD11646
Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem), Syria Palestina
In 132, a messianic, charismatic Jewish leader Simon bar Kokhba started the Bar Kokhba revolt, a war of liberation for Judea against Rome. At first the rebellion was a success. The legion X Fretensis was forced to retreat from Jerusalem to Caesarea. The legion XXII Deiotariana, which advanced from Egypt, was destroyed. The Jews re-established their sacrifices and struck coins to celebrate their independence. The rebellion would last for only 30 months. By 135, the Romans had recaptured Jerusalem, Simon bar Kokhba was dead, and the majority of the Jewish population of Judea was either killed, exiled, or sold into slavery. Jerusalem was renamed Colonia Aelia Capitolina and an altar to Jupiter was erected on the site of the Temple. After these events, the Jews would remain scattered without a homeland for close to two millennia.
JD11646. Bronze AE 32, BMC Palestine p. 89, 36 and pl. IX, 10, aVF, Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem) mint, weight 20.46g, maximum diameter 32.3mm, die axis 0o, obverse IMP CAES M AVREL ANTONINVS AVG, draped bust right; reverse COL AEL CAP, Serapis seated left, scepter in left, right extended over Kerberos seated at feet; nice portrait; very rare; SOLD




  






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Roman Syria