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   View Categories Home > Catalog > |Roman Coins| > |The Year of 5 Emperors| > |Pertinax| > SH10699
Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D.
|Pertinax|, |Pertinax,| |31| |December| |192| |-| |28| |March| |193| |A.D.|, Providentia is the personification of the ability to foresee and to make provision for the future. This ability was considered essential for the emperor and providentia was among the embodiments of virtues that were part of the imperial cult. Cicero said that providentia, memoria (memory) and intellegentia (understanding) are the three main components of prudentia, the knowledge what is good or bad or neither.
SH10699. Silver denarius, RIC IV 11a, BMCRE V 13, RSC III 43, SRCV II 6046, gVF, Rome mint, weight 3.52g, maximum diameter 17.7mm, die axis 180o, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, laureate head right; reverse PROVID DEOR COS II (to the foresight of the gods, consul for the second time), Providentia standing left raising her right hand toward a star, left hand on breast; very rare (R2); SOLD










OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DIVVSPERTINPIVSPATER
DIVVSPERTPIVSPATER
IMPCAESPHELVPERTINAVG
IMPCAESPHELVPERTINAXAVG


REFERENCES|

Banti, A. & L. Simonetti. Corpus Nummorum Romanorum. (Florence, 1972-1979).
Bickford-Smith, R. "The imperial mints in the east for Septimius Severus: it is time to begin a thorough reconsideration" in RIN XCVI (1994/1995), pp. 53-71.
Calic, E. The Roman Avrei, Vol. I: From the Republic to Pertinax, 196 BC - 193 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cayn, J. Los Sestercios del Imperio Romano, Vol. III: De Marco Aurelio a Caracalla (Del 161 d.C. al 217 d.C.). (Madrid, 1984).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 4: Septimius Severus to Maximinus Thrax. (Paris, 1884).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & C. Sutherland. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. IV: From Pertinax to Uranius Antoninus. (London, 1986).
Mattingly, H. & R. Carson. Coins of the Roman Empire in the British Museum, Vol. 5: Pertinax to Elagabalus. (London, 1950).
Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) http://numismatics.org/ocre/
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. III. Pertinax to Aemilian. (Oxford, 1977).
Seaby, H. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. III, Pertinax to Balbinus and Pupienus. (London, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. II: The Accession of Nerva to the Overthrow of the Severan Dynasty AD 96 - AD 235. (London, 2002).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Woodward, A. "The Coinage of Pertinax" in NC (1957), pp. 84 - 96, pls. IX - IVX.


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