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Herennia Etruscilla, Augusta July 249 - April/August 253(?) A.D., Antioch, Syria
Antioch was called "the cradle of Christianity" as a result of its longevity and the pivotal role that it played in the emergence of both Hellenistic Judaism and early Christianity. The name "Christian" first emerged in Antioch. It was one of the four cities of the Syrian Tetrapolis, and its residents were known as Antiochenes. It was a metropolis of half a million people during Augustan times, but it declined to relative insignificance during the Middle Ages because of warfare, repeated earthquakes, and a change in trade routes, which no longer passed through Antioch from the far east following the Mongol conquests.
RY06962. Billon tetradrachm
, cf. McAlee
616, SNG Cop
-, BMC Galatia
-, aEF, well centered
, flat areas on eagle
, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, weight
10.760g, maximum diameter
26.6mm, die axis
, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse
EPENNIA ETOPOVCKIΛΛA CEB, draped bust
right, crescent behind shoulders, wearing stephane
, hair in horizontal ridges, plait looped up the back of her head
∆HMAPX EΞOYCIAC (holder of Tribunitian power), eagle
standing facing on palm
left, wings open, wreath
in beak, S C (senatus consulto
) in exergue
Catalog current as of Wednesday, March 20, 2019.
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