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Home > Catalog > |Judean & Biblical Coins| > |Herodian Dynasty| > |Herod Antipas| > SH06150
Herod Antipas, Tetrarch of Galilee and Perea, 4 B.C. - 39 A.D.
POSSIBLE CRUCIFIXION YEAR COIN. The Bible does not tell the date of the Crucifixion, but based on Biblical clues, the Jewish calendar and astronomical evidence many scholars believe it was Friday, April 3, 33 A.D. John the Baptist began his ministry in 28 or 29 A.D. and the Gospel of John points to three separate Passovers during Jesus' ministry. Jesus was executed on the orders of Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect of Judaea from 26 to 36 A.D. This limits the years to between 30 and 36 A.D. John P. Meier's, A Marginal Jew, cites 7 April 30 A.D., 3 April 33 A.D., and 30 March 36 A.D. as astronomically possible Friday Nisan 14 dates during this period. Isaac Newton, using the crescent of the moon, determined the year was 34 A.D. but John Pratt argued that Newton made a minor computation error and 33 A.D. was the accurate answer using Newton's method. Using similar computations, in 1990 astronomer Bradley Schaefer arrived at Friday, April 3, 33 A.D. A third method, using a completely different astronomical approach (consistent with Apostle Peter's reference to a "moon of blood" in Acts 2:20) based on a lunar Crucifixion darkness and eclipse model arrives at the same date, Friday, April 3, 33 A.D.
SH06150. Bronze half denomination, Meshorer TJC 88a; Hendin 1211 var. (normal Z); RPC I 4931 var. (same); BMC Palestine p. 229, 6 var. (same), aVF, Tiberias mint, weight 6.60g, maximum diameter 19.7mm, die axis 0o, 32 - 33 A.D.; obverse TIBE/PIAC (Tiberias), inscription in two lines, surrounded by wreath; reverse HPW∆OY TETPAPXOY (of Herod the tetrarch), palm frond upright with slight curves, L ΛZ (year 37, Z is upside-down) across fields; artificial highlighting red patina (can easily be removed) over natural green patina; extremely rare; SOLD










REFERENCES|

Burnett, A., M. Amandry & P. RipollŤs. Roman Provincial Coinage I: From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BC-AD 69). (London, 1992 & supplements).
Fontanille, J. Menorah Coin Project, website: http://menorahcoinproject.org/
Hendin, D. Guide to Biblical Coins, 5th Edition. (Amphora, 2010).
Hill, G. Catalogue of Greek Coins in the British Museum: Palestine. (London, 1914). BMC Palestine
Meshorer, Y. Ancient Jewish Coinage. (New York, 1982).
Meshorer, Y. A Treasury of Jewish Coins from the Persian Period to Bar Kokhba. (Jerusalem, 2001).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 7: Cyprus to India. (West Milford, NJ, 1982).
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, USA, The Collection of the American Numismatic Society, Part 6: Palestine - South Arabia. (New York, 1981).

Catalog current as of Friday, October 18, 2019.
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Herod Antipas