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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins| ▸ |Heraclean Dynasty| ▸ |Justinian II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D.

Joint rule with Tiberius (his son), 705 - 4 Nov 711 A.D.
Justinian II took the throne at the young age of sixteen. He achieved a peace treaty with the Arabs early in his reign and was able to make progress on the Balkan troubles. He was the first of the Byzantine emperors to put the likeness of Christ on his coinage. After ten years of rule, he was overthrown by the general Leontius; his tongue and nose were slit and he was exiled. In 705, Justinian II returned to Constantinople with an army of Bulgars and Slavs. He gained entrance to the city by climbing through an aqueduct pipe and with the advantage of surprise regained his throne. Both Leontius and Tiberius (who succeeded Leontius) were dragged through the streets in chains and beheaded. His revenge soon developed into a reign of terror. A rebellion started in the army and the general Bardanes was named Emperor. Justinian II and his son, Tiberius, age 6, were put to death.


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The portrait on this coin was based on an icon believed by the people of the time to bear a miraculous resemblance to Christ’s actual appearance.
SH21619. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 2b, Wroth BMC 1, Morrisson BnF 15/Cp/AV/12, Tolstoi 1, Ratto 1705, Hahn MIB 2b, Sommer 17.3, SBCV 1415, EF, weight 4.239 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 705 - 711 A.D.; obverse O N IhS ChS REX REGNANTIYM, bust of Christ facing, curly hair, short beard, wearing pallium and colobium, Gospels in left, cross behind head; reverse IYSTINIANYS ET TIbERIYS PP A, Justinian (on left) and Tiberius, half-length facing, each wears crown, divitision and chlamys, holding cross potent on three steps in center; very rare; SOLD


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Justinian II was the first emperor to put Christ on his coins.

In 692, a Byzantine army under general Leontios was defeated at Sebastopolis (in modern Turkey) by Arab forces led by Muhammad ibn Marwan. During the battle a force of about 20,000 Slavs deserted the Byzantine army and joined the Muslim Arabs. Cyprus and the last remaining Byzantine holdings east of the Taurus Mountains were lost.
SH70976. Gold tremissis, DOC II part 2, 14; Wroth BMC 22 - 23; Tolstoi 60 - 63; Ratto 1691; Hahn MIB 16; Sommer 14.8; SBCV 1256, EF, some details unstruck, weight 1.368 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, first reign, c. 692 - 695 A.D.; obverse IhS CRISTOS REX REGNATI, facing bust of Christ, cross behind head, long hair and full beard, wearing pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left; reverse D IYSTINI-ANYS SERY ChRISTI, Justinian standing facing, wearing crown with cross and loros, long cross potent on globe on base in right, akakia in left; ex Gorny and Mosch auction 170 (13 Oct 2008), lot 3074; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The portrait on this coin was based on an icon believed by the people of the time to bear a miraculous resemblance to Christ's actual appearance.
SH70977. Gold tremissis, DOC II part 2, 6b; Wroth BMC 4; Morrisson BnF 15/Cp/AV/16; Tolstoi 7; Ratto 1708; Hahn MIB 6b; Sommer 17.5; SBCV 1421, EF, tight flan, weight 1.306 g, maximum diameter 15.5 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, with Tiberius, 705 - 711 A.D.; obverse D N IhS ChS REX REGNANTIYM (or similar), bust of Christ facing, short curly hair, short beard, wearing pallium and colobium, Gospels in left, cross behind head; reverse IYSTINIAN ET TIbERIY PP A (or similar), Justinian on left and Tiberius on right, half-length facing, each wearing crown, divitision and chlamys, holding cross potent in center; ex Harlan Berk; rare; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Justinian II was the first emperor to put Christ on his coins.

In 692, a Byzantine army under general Leontios was defeated at Sebastopolis (in modern Turkey) by Arab forces led by Muhammad ibn Marwan. During the battle a force of about 20,000 Slavs deserted the Byzantine army and joined the Muslim Arabs. Cyprus and the last remaining Byzantine holdings east of the Taurus Mountains were lost.
SH70974. Gold tremissis, DOC II part 2, 14; Wroth BMC 22 - 23; Tolstoi 60 - 63; Ratto 1691; Hahn MIB 16; Sommer 14.8; SBCV 1256, VF, areas of flat strike, weight 1.355 g, maximum diameter 16.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, first reign, c. 692 - 695 A.D.; obverse IhS CRISTOS REX REGNANTIYM, facing bust of Christ, cross behind head, long hair and full beard, wearing pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, Gospels in left; reverse D IYSTINI-ANYS SERY ChRISTI, Justinian standing facing, wearing crown with cross and loros, long cross potent on globe on base in right, akakia in left; ex CNG auction 203 (28 Jan 2009), lot 494; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
The portrait on this coin was based on an icon believed by the people of the time to bear a miraculous resemblance to Christ's actual appearance.
SH73340. Gold tremissis, DOC II part 2,, 2nd reign, 6b; Wroth BMC 4; Morrisson BnF 16; Tolstoi 7; Ratto 1708; Hahn MIB 6b; Sommer 17.5; SBCV 1421, EF, lustrous, crowded flan, holed, weight 1.292 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, with Tiberius, 705 - 711 A.D.; obverse D N IhS ChS REX REGNANTIYM, bust of Christ facing, short curly hair, short beard, wearing pallium and colobium, Gospels in left, cross behind head; reverse dN IYSTINIAN ET TIbERIYS P P A (Tiberius' name blundered), Justinian on left and Tiberius on right, half-length facing, each wearing crown, divitision and chlamys, holding cross potent in center; for this extraordinary type, since 2000 only 8 auction sales are recorded on Coin Archives Pro; rare; SOLD


Justinian II, 10 July 685 - Late 695 and Summer 705 - 4 November 711 A.D.

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In 687, Justinian II negotiated a peace treaty with the Umayyad Caliphate. Caliph Abd al-Malik agreed to pay tribute. Justinian II removed from Lebanon 12,000 Christian Maronites who had continually resisted the Arabs. Justinian reinforced the Byzantine navy on Cyprus and transferred cavalry troops from Anatolia to the Thracesian Theme on the Balkan Peninsula.
SH70957. Gold solidus, DOC II part 2, 5c (pl. XXXVII, same dies); Wroth BMC 4; Morrisson BnF 2; Tolstoi 5; Hahn MIB 6; SBCV 1246; Ratto -, aVF, ex jewelry, traces of gold solder, polished, weight 4.377 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 225o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 1st reign, 687 - 692 A.D.; obverse D IYSTINIA-NYS PE AV, bust facing, short beard, wearing crown with cross on circlet and chlamys, globus cruciger in right; reverse VICTORIA AVGY ∆ (victory of the Emperor, 4th officina), cross potent on three steps, CONOB in exergue; ex Numis.be; rare; SOLD


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SH82450. Bronze follis, SBCV 1298, DOC II part 2, 58, gVF, weight 4.315 g, maximum diameter 26.0 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, First Reign, c. 686 A.D.; obverse facing bust of Justinian holding globus cruciger; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram above, SCL in exergue; scarce; SOLD


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BZ82945. Bronze follis, SBCV 1297, DOC II part 2, 57, gVF, weight 2.823 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, First Reign, 685 - 695 A.D.; obverse facing bust, wearing crown with cross and jeweled robe, akakia in right, globus cruciger in left; reverse large m flanked by two crosses, ∆ below, SCL in exergue; rare; SOLD


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BZ47783. Bronze follis, Anastasi 357, cf. DOC II part 2, 55 var. (no star on rev, 1st reign), Hahn MIB 68 var. (same), VF, weight 2.619 g, maximum diameter 19.3 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 2nd reign, 708 - 709 A.D.; obverse facing bust of Justinian, with short beard, globus cruciger in right, and akakia in left before torso, palm branch left, star above palm branch right; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram above, star below, SCL in exergue; nice green patina; scarce; SOLD


Byzantine Empire, Justinian II and Tiberius, 705 - 4 November 711 A.D.

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BZ47778. Bronze follis, Anastasi 362, DOC II part 2, 20, Spahr 277, Hahn MIB 51, aEF, nice green patina, undertype effects, weight 2.747 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Syracuse mint, 710 - 711 A.D.; obverse Justinian and Tiberius standing facing, each wearing crown and chlamys, and holding between them long cross potent on base; reverse large M (40 nummi), monogram above, flanked by crosses, SCL in exergue; rare; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

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Catalog current as of Saturday, October 19, 2019.
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Byzantine Coins of Justinian II