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Paeonia was independent of Macedonia from 359 to 286 B.C.
Paeonian Kingdom, Lykkeios, c. 358 - 335 B.C.
"There is no particular historical record preserved on king Lycceius, the heir of Agis. It is known that after the death of Agis in 359/8 BC, Paeonia had to recognize the Macedonian sovereignty, after it was defeated by the newly enthroned Macedonian king Phillip II (359Ė336 BC) (Diod. XVI. 4.2); at that time, Lycceius was probably already ruling in Paeonia. Still, it seems that at the time of Lycceius, Paeonia had not completely lost its independence, but it rather had a subordinate status to Macedonia (Merker 1965, 44). His monetary production testifies for the existence of a separate state identity, and it of course confirms his factual reign of the Paeonian Kingdom. Actually, it was Lycceius who was the first Paeonian king who issued coins with his own name. These are specimens that are very rare, and they are not often discovered, especially not as hoarded wealth." -- Eftimija Pavlovska in "A Coin Hoard of the Paeonian King Lycceius"SH86518. Silver tetradrachm, Pavlovska, type I, 1 (O(I)1/R2); Paeonian Hoard 63; SNG ANS 1019; AMNG III/2, p. 200, 8; Babylon IV 1253; HGC 3.1 142 (S), aEF, attractive style, toned, obverse off center, light scratches, edge cracks, weight 13.154 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 90o, Astibos or Damastion mint, c. 358/356 - 335 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ΛYKK-EIOY, Herakles crouching left, nude, strangling Nemean lion with left arm, club in raised right hand, bow and quiver on ground lower right; from the David Cannon Collection, ex Beast Coins, ex Harlan Berk; rare; SOLD
Paeonian Kingdom, Patraos, 335 - 315 B.C.
Patraus was an ancient Paeonian king. It has been proposed that Ariston, who notably served as a cavalry general to Alexander the Great, was Patraus' brother.SH41263. Silver drachm, SNG Cop 1391, Pozzi 2095-6 var. (monograms), gVF, weight 2.997 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 90o, obverse diademed head of Patraos right; reverse ΠATPAOY, forepart of boar right; choice condition for this scarce type; ex Numismatic Fine Arts, Edward Gans, 10 Rock Lane, Berkeley; from the Dr. J. Hewitt Judd Collection (author of United States Pattern Coins Experimental & Trial Pieces); SOLD
Paeonian Kingdom, Patraos, 335 - 315 B.C.
As discussed by Wayne Sayles in "Ancient Coin Collecting III, Numismatic Art of the Greek World," the obverse of this coin is minted in archaizing style, "with the frontal almond eye common to the art of a century earlier." This type was produced with both the archaic eye and the modern profile eye. "The contrast is not one of stylistic transition, but rather of artistic intention. In fact, the archaizing version seems to have been issued toward the end of the series."
Patraos was allied with Macedonia, and Paeonian light-armed cavalry were important in Alexander's campaign. Curiously, the fallen soldier has a Macedonian shield and wears Macedonian armor.SH76199. Silver tetradrachm, Paeonian Hoard 377 (same rev. die), Weber 2233 (same), SNG Cop 1388 ff. var. (control), AMNG III/2 4 var. (same), SNG ANS 1031 var. (same), VF, well struck and centered on a tight flan, marks, some die wear, tiny edge crack, weight 12.460 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 90o, Astibos or Damastion mint, 335 - 315 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Apollo right, with short hair; reverse ΠATPAOY, armed warrior on horse prancing right, spearing fallen enemy who holds spear and shield, retrograde ME monogram (control) in left field; SOLD
MŁller, L. Numismatique díAlexandre le Grand; Appendice les monnaies de Philippe II et III, et Lysimaque. (Copenhagen, 1855-58).
Naville Co. Monnaies grecques antiques S. Pozzi. Auction 1 (4 April 1921, Geneva).
Price, M.J. The Coinage in the name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus. (Zurich - London, 1991).
Sear, D. Greek Coins and Their Values, Volume 1: Europe. (London, 1978).
Sotheby & Co. Catalogue of the Paeonian Hoard being Coins in Gold and Silver of the Kings of Macedon and Silver of the Independent Kingdom of Paeonia. (London: 16 April 1969). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Denmark, The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals, Danish National Museum, Vol. 2: Macedonia and Thrace. (West Milford, NJ, 1982). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, Great Britain, Volume V, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, Part 4: Paeonia - Thessaly. (London. 1981). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, United States, The Collection of the ANS, Part 7: Macedonia 1 (Cities, Thraco-Macedonian Tribes, Paeonian kings). (New York, 1997).
von Sallet, A. Beschreibung der antiken MŁnzen d. k. Museen zu Berlin, Bd. I. and II. (Berlin, 1888 and 1889).
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