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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Secessionist Empires| ▸ |Tetricus II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Gallic Empire, Tetricus II, Spring 274 A.D.

Tetricus II's father succeeded to the throne of the Gallic empire after the death of Victorinus and made him Caesar in 273 and Augustus in spring 274 A.D. After three years of rule, the power of the separatist state had declined and in 273 A.D. Aurelian invaded. Tetricus I abdicated rather than fight the vastly superior forces of Aurelian. Tetricus II and his father were both honored by Aurelian and they lived quite comfortably in Rome. Rome in 271 A.D.


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The plural AVGG, although sometimes considered to be related to Tetricus II who was briefly raised to the rank of Augustus, is most likely a reference to Aurelian.
RB41912. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 255, Schulzki AGK 4a, Hunter IV 8, Cunetio 2588, SRCV III 11286, Cohen VI 48, Elmer -, VF, weight 2.471 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C P E TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), implements of the augurate and pontificate: aspergillum (sprinkler), ewer (jug), secespita (knife), and lituus (augural wand); SOLD


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, and raising a fold of her dress with her left hand. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.
RA91623. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 270, Schulzki AGK 9a, Cunetio 2647, Elmer 791, Cohen VI 88, Hunter IV 11, SRCV III 11292, VF, nice portrait, brown tone, reverse off center and struck with a worn die, ragged edge, weight 3.482 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Mainz or Treveri (Trier) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse SPES AVGG (hope of the two emperors), Spes advancing left, extending flower in right hand, raising skirt drapery with left hand; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; SOLD


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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RB25811. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 255, Schulzki AGK 4a, Hunter IV 8, Cunetio 2588, SRCV III 11286, Cohen VI 48, Elmer -, VF, weight 2.308 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C P E TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), implements of the augurate and pontificate: aspergillum (sprinkler), ewer (jug), secespita (knife), and lituus (augural wand); nice portrait; SOLD


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Pietas in traditional Latin usage expressed a complex, highly valued Roman virtue; a man or woman with pietas respected his or her responsibilities to the gods, family, other people and entities (such as the state), and understood his or her place in society with respect to others.
RB02581. Billon antoninianus, Cunetio 2593 (also dotted legend), Schulzki AGK 5a, RIC V-2 259, Elmer 773, Cohen VI 60, Hunter IV 9, SRCV III 11287, VF, nice portrait and patina, interesting bold legend punctuation, weight 2.53 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 45o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse •C•P•E•TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVGVSTOR (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate: aspergillum (sprinkler), ewer (jug), secespita (knife), and lituus (augural wand); SOLD


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From the Braithwell Hoard found 1 Sep 2002 by Mr. P. Leech at the village of Braithwell, South Yorkshire.
RB52924. Billon antoninianus, Mairat 441; RIC V-2 259; Cohen VI 60; Cunetio 2590 (15 examples); SRCV III 11287; Braithwell Report 188 (43 examples), VF, weak reverse, weight 3.100 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, as caesar, end 272 - early 273 A.D.; obverse •C•P•E•TETRICVS•CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PIETAS AVGVSTOR (to the piety of the Emperor), implements of the augurate and pontificate: aspergillum (sprinkler), ewer (jug), secespita (knife), and lituus (augural wand); nice portrait and patina, interesting legend punctuation; SOLD


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In 274, Rome greeted Aurelian as Restitutor Orbis ("Restorer of the World") and accorded him a magnificent triumph (victory procession), which was graced by his captives Tetricus I and his son Tetricus II. Aurelian's conquests of the Palmyran Empire and the Gallic Empire reunited the Roman Empire.
BB57674. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 248, Schulzki AGK 3, Cohen VI 34, Cunetio 2613, Normanby 1529, Elmer -, SRCV III -, VF, ragged flan, weight 1.740 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, raising olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand; SOLD


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Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men. On this coin, the Caesar, Tetricus II, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the future hope of the people.
RA77910. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 272, Schulzki AGK 10, Cunetio 2647, Elmer 769, Cohen VI 87, Hunter IV 3, SRCV III 11294, VF, good portrait for the issue, well centered, small flan splits, reverse die wear, light marks and corrosion, weight 1.830 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne, Germany) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse SPES PVBLICA (the hope of the public), Spes advancing left, extending flower in right, raising skirt drapery with left; from the Butte College Foundation, ex Lindgren, ex CNG/Seaby; SOLD


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During the Crisis of the Third Century (235 - 284 A.D.), the Roman Empire nearly collapsed under the combined pressures of invasion, civil war, plague, and economic depression. In the western provinces, official mints did not meet the needs for low-value coinage and unofficial private mints struck imitations of Roman coins (usually antoniniani). These unofficial imitations, called barbarous radiates today, were not counterfeits. They were smaller than standard issues, were not intended to deceive, and probably only functioned as small change. The most frequently imitated prototypes are of the Gallic emperors Tetricus I and his son, Tetricus II.
BB56547. Bronze barbarous radiate, unofficial imitative, cf. RIC V-2 248 (official, Colonia Agrippinensis), VF, weight 1.427 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial mint, 271 - 284 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PAX AVG (the peace of the Emperor), Pax standing left, olive branch in right hand, long scepter vertical in left; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art, Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia. On coins, she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. On this coin, the Caesar, Tetricus II, the designated successor of the emperor, is identified as the hope for the future of the Roman people.
RA84355. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 270, Schulzki AGK 9a, Cunetio 2608, Elmer 791, Cohen VI 88, Hunter IV 11, SRCV III 11292, VF, green patina, reverse die wear, some porosity, small edge crack, weight 2.911 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 0o, Colonia Agrippinensis (Cologne) mint, as caesar, 272 - 273 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate and draped bust right, from behind; reverse SPES AVGG (hope of the two emperors), Spes advancing left, extending flower in right hand, raising skirt drapery with left hand; SOLD


Click for a larger photo
Spes was the Roman personification of Hope. In art Spes is normally depicted carrying flowers or a cornucopia, but on coins she is almost invariably depicted holding a flower in her extended right hand, while the left is raising a fold of her dress. She was also named "ultima dea" - for Hope is the last resort of men.
RB02580. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 270, Schulzki AGK 9a, Cunetio 2647, Elmer 791, Cohen VI 88, Hunter IV 11, SRCV III 11292, VF, nice green patina, nicely centered and struck for the type, weight 3.00 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 180o, Mainz or Treveri (Trier) mint, as caesar, 273 - spring 274 A.D.; obverse C PIV ESV TETRICVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SPES AVGG (hope of the two emperors), Spes advancing left, extending flower in right hand, raising skirt drapery with left hand; SOLD




  




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|OBVERSE| |LEGENDS|

CPETETRICVSCAES
CPETETRICVSCES
CPESTETRICVSCAES
CPESVTETRICVSCAES
CPESVTETRICVSCAES
CPTETRICVSCAE
CPTETRICVSCAECES
CPTETRICVSCAESCES
CPIESTETRICVSCAE
CPIVESVTETRICVSCAES
CPIVTETRICVSA
CPIVTETRICVSPAVG
CPVTETRICVSCAES
CPVESVTETRICVSCAES
PIVESVTETRICVSAVGG
PIVESVTETRICVSCAES


REFERENCES|

Besly, E. & R. Bland. The Cunetio Treasure: Roman Coinage of the Third Century AD. (London, 1983).
Burnett, A. & R. Bland, eds. Coin Hoards from Roman Britain: The Normanby Hoard and Other Roman Coin Hoards. CHRB VIII. (London, 1988).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 6: Macrianus to Diocletian & Maximianus. (Paris, 1886).
De Witte, J. Recherches sur les empereurs qui ont régné dans les Gaules au IIIe siècle de l'ère chrétienne. (Lyon, 1868).
Elmer, G. "Die Münzprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus in Köln, Trier und Mailand." in Bonner Jahrbücher 146 (1941). pp. 1 -106.
Mairat, J. Le monnayage de l'Empire Gaulois. CGB Rome XV. (Fixed Price List, 2004).
Mairat, J. The Coinage of the Gallic Empire. PhD thesis. (Oxford, 2014).
Mattingly, H., E. Sydenham & P. Webb. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol V, Part II, Probus to Amandus. (London, 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. IV. Valerian I to Allectus. (Oxford, 1978).
Schulte, B. Die Goldprägung der gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. Typos IV. (Aarau, 1983).
Schulzki, H. Die Antoninianprägung der Gallischen Kaiser von Postumus bis Tetricus. (Bonn, 1996).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values III, The Accession of Maximinus I to the Death of Carinus AD 235 - AD 285. (London, 2005).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Weder, M. "Münzen und Münzstätten der Gallisch-Römischen Kaiser, Teil I" in SNR 76 (1997).
Weder, M. "Münzen und Münzstätten der Gallisch-Römischen Kaiser, Teil II" in SNR 77 (1998).
http://www.Gallic-Empire.com - http://www.gallic-empire.com/tetricus2.htm
Zschucke, C. Die Bronze-Teilstück-Prägungen der römischen Münzstätte Trier. (Trier, 2002).
Zschucke, C. Die römische Münzstätte Köln. (Trier, 1993).

Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 16, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Tetricus II