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Honorius was the son of Theodosius I and upon the latter's death was given the Western provinces to rule as emperor, while his brother Arcadius was given the East. Honorius was a weak incompetent ruler dominated at first by the famed general Stilicho, then by various court favorites. In August 410 A.D. he sat helpless at Ravenna while Rome was sacked by the Goths. He was succeeded by Valentinian III.
In 394, the last known ancient hieroglyphic inscription, known as the Graffito of Esmet-Akhom, was written in Philae, Egypt.RL88049. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 29(c)2 (also 2nd officina), DOCLR 703 (same), LRBC II 2576, SRCV V 20998, Cohen VIII 23, VF, dark green patina, light earthen deposits, tight flan, weight 2.010 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 23 Jan 393 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseGLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Honorius on horseback right, raising right hand, reins in left hand, SMKB in exergue; $70.00 (€59.50)
This reversetype combined with a facing military bust was struck by Arcadius in his own name and also for Honorius and Theodosius II.RL88050. Bronze centenionalis, RIC XArcadius 95 (S), DOCLR 768, LRBC II 2587, SRCV V 20994, Cohen VIII 4, Choice VF, dark green patina with earthen deposit highlighting, well centered, slightly rough, weight 2.058 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 30o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 401 - 403 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl-diademed, cuirassed, spear in right hand over right shoulder and behind head, shield decorated with a cross on left arm; reverseCONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Constantinopolis enthroned facing, head right, long scepter in right hand, Victory on globe offering wreath in her left hand, right leg bare, right foot on prow, SMKA in exergue; scarce; $70.00 (€59.50)
Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.
In 395, after the death of Theodosius I, the Empire was re-divided into an eastern and a western half. The eastern half, centered in Constantinople, was under Arcadius, and the western half, centered in Rome, was under his brother Honorius.BB87985. Bronze centenionalis, DOCLR 760, RIC XArcadius 68, LRBC II 2581, SRCV V 21030, Cohen VIII 56, Hunter V 24, Nice VF, attractive desert patina, nice portrait, centered on a tight flan, weight 2.447 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 395 - 402 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassedbust right; reverseVIRTVS EXERCITI (courage of the army), Emperor on left standing facing, head right, spear vertical in his right hand, left hand resting on grounded shield, Victory beside him on right, standing left and crowning him with wreath, palm frond in her left, SMKB in exergue; ex Beast Coins; $60.00 (€51.00)
In 406, with the aid of the chieftain of the Huns, Uldin, Stilicho crushed an army of 20,000 barbarians led by Radagaisus at Fiesole. Stilicho executed Radagaisus, and the surviving barbarians were either incorporated into the Roman army or sold as slaves.RL88047. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IXConstantinopolis 89c (R), LRBC II 2192, SRCV V 20996, Cohen VIII 23, DOCLR -, VF, dark patina with earthen highlighting, tight flan, weight 2.143 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 May 292 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassedbust right, star left; reverseGLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Honorius on horseback right, raising right hand, reins in left hand, CONS∆ in exergue; $55.00 (€46.75)
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