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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Late Empire| ▸ |Valens||View Options:  |  |  | 

Valens, 28 March 364 - 9 August 378 A.D.

Valens was the younger brother of Valentinian I, and he was declared Augustus in 364 A.D. He was given command of the Eastern provinces, where he spent much of his time campaigning against the Goths and Persians. In 376 A.D., Valens allowed Gothic tribes, who were being driven forward by the Huns to settle in the Danube provinces. The Goths were so badly treated by the Romans that they rebelled. Valens was defeated by the Goths at the catastrophic battle of Hadrianople, where he lost his life and two-thirds of the Roman army was killed.

|Valens|, |Valens,| |28| |March| |364| |-| |9| |August| |378| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
In April or May 366 A.D., Valens defeated Procopius in the Battle of Thyatira, ending his revolt.
RL91665. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Heraclea 3(b)2 (S), LRBC II 1920, SRCV V 19754, Cohen VIII 11, Hunter V -, VF, dark green patina, well centered on a tight flan, small edge cracks, weight 3.092 g, maximum diameter 17.2 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, 28 Mar 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Valens advancing right, labarum (Chi-Rho standard) in left, dragging captive with right, SMHB in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


|Valens|, |Valens,| |28| |March| |364| |-| |9| |August| |378| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RL93286. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Roma 24(b), LRBC II 725, SRCV V 19829, Cohen VIII 47, Hunter V 31 var. (1st officina), gF, well centered, very dark patina, spots of corrosion, encrustations, weight 2.179 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Rome mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, SM leaf RT in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $45.00 SALE |PRICE| $40.00


|Valens|, |Valens,| |28| |March| |364| |-| |9| |August| |378| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Victory or Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of Athena and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the Parthenon. Victory or Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek and Roman coins.
RL93287. Bronze centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 19779 ff., F, well centered, weight 2.652 g, maximum diameter 16.5 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus(?) mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, uncertain mintmark in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00


|Valens|, |Valens,| |28| |March| |364| |-| |9| |August| |378| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
Valens endowed Antioch with a new forum, including a statue of Valentinian on a central column, and he reopened the great church of Constantine, which stood until the Persian sack by Chosroes in 538.
RL92684. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX 12(b)4, SRCV V 19855, LRBC II 2657, Cohen VIII 47, Hunter V 66 var. (5th officina), aVF, red earthen highlighting, scratches, tight flan cutting off top of most of legends, tiny edge splits, weight 2.532 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 25 Feb 364 - 24 Aug 367 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, ANT∆ in exergue; $24.00 SALE |PRICE| $21.60


|Valens|, |Valens,| |28| |March| |364| |-| |9| |August| |378| |A.D.|, |centenionalis|
The mint of Sirmium was closed in the first year of Valentinian's and Valens' reign. It was reopened 14 years later but only to strike in precious metal. Coins from the short early period, such as this one, are scarce or rare.
RL92680. Bronze centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 19779 (various mints), aVF, weight 1.903 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 180o, 28 Mar 364 - end of 364 A.D.; obverse D N VALENS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand, [...] in exergue; $3.50 (3.22)







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OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

DNVALENSPERAVG
DNVALENSPERFAVG
DNVALENSPFAVG
IMPCEVALENSPFAVG
VALENSAVGVS


REFERENCES|

Carson, R., P. Hill & J. Kent. Late Roman Bronze Coinage. (London, 1960).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 8: Nepotian to Romulus Augustus, plus tesserae & cotorniates. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Constantin II Zenon (337-491). Moneta 5. (Wetteren, 1996).
Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Romani-Byzantinii. (Vienna, 1989).
King, C.E. & D.R. Sear. Roman Silver Coins, Volume V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Pearce, J.W.E. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Volume IX, Valentinian I - Theodosius I. (London 1933).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D.R. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. V: The Christian Empire...Constantine II to Zeno, AD 337 - 491. (London, 2014).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).

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