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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Tetrarchy ▸ Severus IIView Options:  |  |  | 

Severus II, 25 July 306 - Summer 307 A.D.

Valerius Severus, known as Severus II, was of humble birth in northern Illyria (now Albania). He rose to a senior rank in the Roman army. On 1 May 305, Galerius made his friend Severus caesar and deputy-emperor of the Western Empire under Constantius I. On the death of Constantius I, Severus was promoted to Augustus by Galerius, in opposition to the acclamation of Constantius' son Constantine I by his own soldiers. When Maxentius, son of the retired emperor Maximian, revolted at Rome, Galerius sent Severus to suppress the rebellion. After Maxentius offered his father co-rule, Severus' soldiers deserted to Maximian, their old commander. Severus fled to Ravenna. Maximian offered to spare his life and treat him humanely if he surrendered peaceably. There are conflicting reports of his death. Severus was either killed at Ravenna or, despite Maximian's assurance, was displayed as a captive, imprisoned and executed.


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Valerius Severus, known as Severus II, was of humble birth in northern Illyria (now Albania). He rose to a senior rank in the Roman army. On 1 May 305, Galerius made his friend Severus caesar and deputy-emperor of the Western Empire under Constantius I. On the death of Constantius I, Severus was promoted to Augustus by Galerius, in opposition to the acclamation of Constantius' son Constantine I by his own soldiers. When Maxentius, son of the retired emperor Maximian, revolted at Rome, Galerius sent Severus to suppress the rebellion. After Maxentius offered his father co-rule, under the walls of Rome, Severus' soldiers deserted to Maximian, their old commander. Severus fled to Ravenna. Maximian offered to spare his life and treat him humanely if he surrendered peaceably. There are conflicting reports of his death. Severus was either killed at Ravenna or, despite Maximian's assurance, was displayed as a captive, imprisoned and executed.
RT91267. Billon follis, RIC VI Aquileia 68a (S), Paolucci-Zub 120 (R2), Hunter V 10, SRCV IV 14643, Cohen VII 72, gVF, well centered, porous, spots of corrosion, weight 9.338 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Aquileia mint, as caesar, 1 May 305 - 25 Jul 306 A.D.; obverse SEVERVS NOB CAESAR, laureate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust left, spear in right hand over right shoulder, round shield on left arm; reverse VIRTVS AVGG ET CAESS NN (the valor of our two emperors and two caesars), emperor on horseback galloping right, spearing fallen enemy kneeling beside horse, another fallen foe beneath horse, shield on left arm, AQΓ in exergue; rare; $160.00 (€136.00)
 


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Rare engraving error: GENIO has been spelled GEINO.
SH32713. Billon follis, RIC VI Serdica 20a var. (reverse legend engraving error), Choice aEF, weight 9.887 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Serdica (Sofia, Bulgaria) mint, as caesar, 1 May 305 - 25 Jul 306 A.D.; obverse FL VAL SEVERVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GEINO AVGG ET CAESARVM NN, Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, KA in exergue; near full circles strike; very rare; SOLD


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Severus II was raised to the rank of Caesar in the Tetrarchy, 1 May 305 A.D. Two years later he marched against Maxentius in Rome, but after many of his troops deserted, he was captured, imprisoned and later executed.
SH66876. Billon follis, RIC VI Alexandria 56, SRCV IV 14637, Cohen 57, VF, slightly rough, weight 8.159 g, maximum diameter 29.8 mm, die axis 315o, 1st officina, Alexandria mint, as caesar, 1 May 305 - 25 Jul 306 A.D.; obverse FL VAL SEVERVS NOB CAESAR, laureate head right; reverse PERPETVITAS AVGG, Roman seated left, helmeted, shield against throne, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left, A upper right, S - P flanking across field, ALE in exergue; scarce; SOLD







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OBVERSE LEGENDS

FLVALSEVERVSNOBC
FLVALSEVERVSNOBCAES
IMPCSEVERVSPFAVG
SEVERVSAVG
SEVERVSAVGVSTVS
SEVERVSNOBC
SEVERVSNOBCAES
SEVERVSNOBCAESAR
SEVERVSNOBILISSIMVSCAESAR


REFERENCES

Bastien, P. Le Monnayage de l'Atelier de Lyon, De la Réforme Monétaire de Dioclétien à la fermeture temporaire de l'Atelier en 316 (294 - 316). Numismatique Romaine XI. (Wetteren, 1980).
Calicó, X. The Roman Avrei, Vol. Two: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappées sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien à Constantin I (284-337). Moneta 1. (Wetteren, 1995).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R. & C. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).

Catalog current as of Saturday, May 25, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Severus II