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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Roman Coins| ▸ |The Tetrarchy| ▸ |Maximinus II||View Options:  |  |  |   

Maximinus II Daia, late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

Maximinus II was made Caesar in the Tetrarchy in 305 A.D. In 311, Maximinus took advantage of the death of Galerius to invade and annex the latter's territory. In 313 A.D., he invaded Licinius' territory, and although he seized many cities his army was utterly destroyed in a battle on the 30th of April. He disguised himself as a slave and fled, falling ill and dying in the city of Tarsus.


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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT92316. Billon follis, RIC IV Alexandria 144b, cf. Cohen VII 3 (IMP C GAL VALER...), Hunter V 122 (K-P vice K-X), SRCV IV -, Choice EF, perfect full-border centering, bold strike with sharp dies, some silvering, flow lines, minor flan flaw obv. right side, weight 7.910 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 311 - 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C GALER VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse BONO GENIO PII IMPERATORIS (to the good guardian spirit of the pious Emperor), Genius standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left, crescent horns up upper left, K lower left, Γ over X right, ALE in exergue; $180.00 (158.40)


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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT92315. Billon follis, Hunter V 65 (also parallel ties and 2nd officina) RIC VI Alexandria 100a, SRCV IV 14730, Cohen VII 40, Choice EF, golden toned silvering, bold centered strike, flow lines, weight 6.426 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, as caesar, late 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, laureate head right, with parallel ties; reverse GENIO CA-ESARIS (to the guardian spirit of the prince), Genius standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, pouring liquor from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, K lower left, B over P right, ALE in exergue; $160.00 (140.80)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO AVGVSTI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Augusti, the Emperors. The figure depicted is the statue of the Spirit of the Roman People which was then in the Roman Forum (it is now lost). The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted.
RT85731. Billon follis, RIC VI Nicomedia 74b, SRCV IV 14830, Cohen VII 29, Hunter V -, Choice EF, much silvering remaining, areas of porosity, weight 4.837 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 180o, 5th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor), Genius standing slightly left, nude but for kalathos on head and chlamys over shoulders and left arm, pouring libations from patera in right hand over flaming altar at feet on left, cornucopia in left hand, * over E right, SMN in exergue; $140.00 (123.20)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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The meaning of the CMH ligature, used at Nicomedia and Cyzicus, is uncertain but it may be a mark of value indicating 48 coins per pound of bronze.
RT85607. Billon follis, Hunter V 32 (also 1st officina), RIC VI Nicomedia 66c, SRCV IV 14827, Cohen VII 34, Choice EF, well centered and struck, sharp detail, traces of silvering, some pin prick pitting, weight 5.651 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 310 - 311 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI CMH (CMH ligate), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, SMNA in exergue; $120.00 (105.60)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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The meaning of the CMH ligature, used at Nicomedia and Cyzicus, is uncertain but it may be a mark of value indicating 48 coins per pound of bronze.
RT85730. Billon follis, Hunter V 36 (also 5th officina), RIC VI Nicomedia 66c, SRCV IV 14827, Cohen VII 34, Choice EF, well centered and struck, some silvering remaining, porosity, weight 7.064 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 310 - 311 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI CMH (CMH ligate), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, SMNE in exergue; $120.00 (105.60)


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The meaning of the CMH ligature, used at Nicomedia and Cyzicus, is uncertain but it may be a mark of value indicating 48 coins per pound of bronze.
RT91859. Billon follis, Hunter V 35 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Nicomedia 66c, SRCV IV 14827, Cohen VII 34, VF, uneven strike with weak areas, porosity, weight 6.791 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 310 - 311 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI CMH (CMH ligate), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, SMNΓ in exergue; $90.00 (79.20)


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The meaning of the CMH ligature, used at Nicomedia and Cyzicus, is uncertain but it may be a mark of value indicating 48 coins per pound of bronze.
RT91861. Billon follis, Hunter V 35 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Nicomedia 66c, SRCV IV 14827, Cohen VII 34, Choice aVF, well centered, green patina, minor encrustations and earthen deposits, small edge splits, weight 4.932 g, maximum diameter 26.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, 310 - 311 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI CMH (CMH ligate), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, SMNΓ in exergue; $50.00 (44.00)


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On 11 November 308, attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, at the Congress of Carnuntum, the Tetrarchy declared Maxentius a public enemy, Licinius was proclaimed Augustus, and Constantine I was made Caesar of Britain and Gaul.
RT91630. Billon follis, RIC VI Antiochia 94a, SRCV IV 14725, Cohen VII 40, Hunter V 37 var. (8th officina), Choice VF, full legends, nice portrait, minor encrustations, areas of mild porosity, weight 6.683 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. late 308 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO CAESARIS * (to the guardian spirit of the prince), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, crescent over B left, ANT in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Numismatique Archeologie, M. Platt (Paris); $45.00 (39.60)


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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Roman People, etc. The legend GENIO AVGVSTI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Augusti, the Emperors. The figure depicted is the statue of the Spirit of the Roman People which was then in the Roman Forum (it is now lost). The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted.
RT91631. Billon follis, RIC VI Alexandria 160b, SRCV IV 14843, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 125 ff. var (5th officina not listed), aVF, well centered, burgundy and black patina, rev. center week, bumps and marks, areas of light corrosion, weight 4.384 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Alexandria mint, 312 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor), Genio standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, head of Serapis in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star upper left, N over palm in left field, E in right field, ALE in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $45.00 (39.60)


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Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own.
RL88739. Billon follis, RIC VI Thessalonica 50a, SRCV IV 14866, Cohen VII 113, Hunter V 21 var. (1st officina), F, well centered, dark patina, light marks, light deposits, weight 5.289 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 305 - 306 A.D.; obverse MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing half left, nude but for paludamentum over shoulders and left arm, globe in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, wreath left, Γ right, SMTS in exergue; $14.00 (12.32)




  



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|OBVERSE| LEGENDS|

GAVALMAXIMINVSNOBC
GALVALMAXIMINVSNC
GALVALMAXIMINVSNOBC
GALVALMAXIMINVSNOBCAES
GALVALMAXIMINVSNOBCAESAR
GALVALMAXIMINVSNOBILC
GALVALMAXIMINVSPFAVG
IMPCGALVALMAXIMINOPFINVAVG
IMPCGALVALMAXIMINVSPFAVG
IMPCGALVALMAXIMINVSPFINVAVG
IMPCGALVALERMAXIMINVSPFAVG
IMPCGALERVALMAXIMINVSPFAVG
IMPMAXIMINVSAVG
IMPMAXIMINVSPAVG
IMPMAXIMINVSPFAVG
MAXIMINVSAVG
MAXIMINVSCAES
MAXIMINVSCAESAR
MAXIMINVSFILAVGG
MAXIMINVSNC
MAXIMINVSNOBC
MAXIMINVSNOBCAES
MAXIMINVSNOBCAESAR
MAXIMINVSNOBCS
MAXIMINVSNOBILC
MAXIMINVSNOBILICAES
MAXIMINVSNOBILISC
MAXIMINVSNOBILISCAES
MAXIMINVSNOBILISSIMVSCAES
MAXIMINVSNOBILISSIMVSCAESAR
MAXIMINVSPFAVG


REFERENCES|

Calic, E. Xavier. The Roman Avrei, Vol. II: From Didius Julianus to Constantius I, 193 AD - 335 AD. (Barcelona, 2003).
Cohen, H. Description historique des monnaies frappes sous l'Empire Romain, Vol. 7: Carausius to Constantine & sons. (Paris, 1888).
Depeyrot, G. Les monnaies d'or de Diocletien Constantin I (284-337). (Wetteren, 1995).
King, C. & Sear, D. Roman Silver Coins, Vol. V, Carausius to Romulus Augustus. (London, 1987).
McAlee, R. The Coins of Roman Antioch. (Lancaster, PA, 2007).
Paolucci, R. & A. Zub. La monetazione di Aquileia Romana. (Padova, 2000).
Robinson, A. Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet, University of Glasgow, Vol. V. Diocletian (Reform) to Zeno. (Oxford, 1982).
Sear, D. Roman Coins and Their Values, Vol. IV: The Tetrarchies and the Rise of the House of Constantine...Diocletian To Constantine I, AD 284 - 337. (London, 211).
Sutherland, R. & C. Carson. The Roman Imperial Coinage, Vol. VI, From Diocletian's reform to the death of Maximinus. (London, 1967).
Vagi, D. Coinage and History of the Roman Empire. (Sidney, 1999).
Van Heesch, J. "The last civic coinages and the religious policy of Maximinus Daza (AD 312)" in NC 1993. pp. 65 - 75, pl 11.

Catalog current as of Wednesday, October 23, 2019.
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Roman Coins of Maximinus II