|Home ▸ Catalog ▸ Roman Coins ▸ The Adoptive Emperors ▸ Marcus AureliusView Options: | | | |
Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.
Marcus Aurelius was recognized by Hadrian as a fine and capable youth and betrothed to the daughter of Aelius. Antoninus Pius adopted him and in 145 A.D. he married Antoninus' daughter, Faustina II. In 161 A.D., he succeeded Antoninus as Augustus, immediately proclaiming Lucius Verus his co-emperor. Although known for his adherence to the philosophy of Stoicism and as a naturally peaceful man, Marcus' reign was disturbed by war with Parthia, plague and then a long, hard war along the Danube frontier. He died on March 17th, 180 A.D. and was deified by the senate soon after.
|Ancient Arados, surrounded by massive walls on an island about 800 m long by 500 m wide, about 50 kmof Tripolis, was an important trading city with an artificial harbor on the east toward the mainland. A walled island provides great security, but the lack of water on Arados was a serious challenge. Strabo recounts that Phoenicians collected rainwater and channeled it into cisterns, and that they shipped containers of fresh water from the mainland. Perhaps the most resourceful solution came from the fortuitous discovery—probably by sponge and coral divers—of an undersea freshwater , not far from the island in the channel between Arwad and the mainland. This , says Strabo, was exploited as a last resort when war or other crises interrupted water supplies from the mainland: "...into this the people let down from the water-fetching boat an inverted, wide-mouthed funnel made of lead, the upper of which contracts into a stem with a moderate-sized hole through it; and round this stem they fasten a leathern (unless I should call it bellows), which receives the water that is forced up from the through the funnel. Now the first water that is forced up is sea-water, but the boatmen wait for the flow of pure and potable water and catch all that is needed in vessels prepared for the purpose and carry it to the city."|