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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Medieval & Modern Coins| ▸ |Germany||View Options:  |  |  | 

Coins of Germany

Germany is today a federal republic consisting of sixteen states. Federalism has a long tradition in German history. The Holy Roman Empire comprised many petty states, numbering more than 300 around 1796. The number of territories was greatly reduced during the Napoleonic Wars (1796-1814). After the Congress of Vienna (1815), 39 states formed the German Confederation. The Confederation was dissolved after the Austro-Prussian War. Prussia and the other states in Northern and Central Germany united as a federal state, the North German Federation, on July 1, 1867. The Southern states Bavaria, Württemberg, Baden and Hesse-Darmstadt entered military alliances with Prussia. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870?71, those states joined the North German Federation. It was consequently renamed to German Empire, and the parliament and Federal Council decided to give the Prussian king the title of German Emperor. The new German Empire included 25 states and the imperial territory of Alsace-Lorraine. After the territorial losses of the Treaty of Versailles, the remaining states continued as republics of a new German federation. These states were gradually de facto abolished and reduced to provinces under the Nazi regime. The creation of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949 was through the unification of the western states (which were previously under American, British, and French administration) created in the aftermath of World War II.


Lot of 3 German States Silver Coins, 1904, 1911 and 1913

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- Hesse-Darmstadt, 1904, 2 marks, KM 372, Ernst Ludwig, 400th Birthday of Philipp the Magnanimous, obv: jugate heads left / rev: crowned imperial eagle with shield on breast.

- Bavaria, 1911D, 3 marks, KM 998, Otto, 90th Birthday of Prince Regent Luitpold, obv: head right / rev: crowned imperial eagle shield on breast, edge lettering: GOTT MIT UNS.

- Prussia, 1913A, 2 marks, KM 532, Wilhelm II, 100th Anniversary victory over Napoleon at Leipzig, obv: eagle with snake in talons / rev: figure on horseback surrounded by people.
LT87713. Silver Lot, 3 Brilliant Uncirculated German States Silver Coins, the lot is the actual coins in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $240.00 (€211.20)
 


German States, Ravensburg, c. 1270 - 1275 A.D.

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Ravensburg is a town in Upper Swabia in Southern Germany, capital of the district of Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg. Ravensburg was first mentioned in 1088. In the Middle Ages, it was an Imperial Free City and an important trading center. The "Great Ravensburg Trading Society" owned shops and trading companies all over Europe. The historic town center is still very much intact, including three town gates and over 10 towers of the medieval fortification. The town's most popular festival is the "Rutenfest" in mid year.
ME92002. Silver bracteate pfennig, Klein-Ulmer 215, Berger 2551, Lanz Ravensburg 36, Choice EF, light toning, weight 0.405 g, maximum diameter 20.1 mm, die axis 0o, royal mint, c. 1270 - 1275 A.D.; obverse heavily fortified gateway with three towers, broad beaded gable gate with star-shaped rosette in the opening, the middle tower stands on a flat ledge and has a pinnacle crown, the two side towers have pointed roofs; reverse incuse of the obverse; ex Pater Münzen & Medaillen (Ense, Germany); $175.00 (€154.00)
 


German States, Pommern-Stralsund, 1607

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Stralsund is a Hanseatic town in the Pomeranian part of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Stralsund was granted city rights in 1234 and was one of the most prosperous members of the medieval Hanseatic League. In 1628, during the Thirty Years' War, Stralsund came under Swedish rule and remained so until the upheavals of the Napoleonic Wars.
WO89587. Copper pfennig, Bratring 20, Krause KM 2, VF, weight 1.367 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 0o, Stralsund (Germany) mint, 1607; obverse city arms divide date 1607 in striated circle; reverse incuse of obverse; $90.00 (€79.20)
 


Margraviate of Brandenburg, Otto IV, 1267 - 1308 A.D.

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The Margraviate of Brandenburg was a major principality of the Holy Roman Empire from 1157 to 1806 and played a pivotal role in the history of Germany and Central Europe. Brandenburg developed out of the Northern March founded in the territory of the Slavic Wends. Its ruling margraves were established as prestigious prince-electors in the Golden Bull of 1356, allowing them to vote in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor. The state thus became additionally known as Electoral Brandenburg or the Electorate of Brandenburg (Kurbrandenburg or Kurfürstentum Brandenburg). Berlin, in the Margraviate of Brandenburg, was founded in 1237.Brandenburg
WO88325. Silver denar, Bahrfeldt p. 219 & XVI, 572; Dannenberg 127, aVF, iridescent toning, uneven strike, weight 0.688 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Brandenburg an der Havel(?) mint, c. 1295 A.D.; obverse Margrave standing facing, sword in right hand, left hand on grounded shield ornamented with an eagle, cross above right; reverse cross pattée with a smaller cross pattée in each angles; ex Münzhandlund Ritter; rare; $80.00 (€70.40)
 







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REFERENCES|

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Bratring, P. über das Münzwesen der Stadt Stralsund in neueren Zeiten. (Berlin, 1907).
Dannenberg, H. Die deutschen Münzen der sächsischen und fränkischen Kaiserzeit. (Berlin, 1876 ff.).
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Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. Sammlung Dr. F. Bonhoff, auction 293 (Frankfurt, 27 Oct 1977).
Ebner, J. & C. Binder. Württembergische Münz- und Medaillenkunde. (Stuttgart, 1904).
Eggert, E. Die Pfennige des Deutschen Ordens in Preussen. (Minden, 1991).
Fritz Rudolf Künker Münzhandlung. The De Wit Collection of Medieval Coins, catalogs of public auction, 4 parts, (Osnabruck, 2007 - 2008).
Habich, G. Die deutschen Schaumünzen des XVI. Jahrhunderts. Band I - IV . (Munich, 1929).
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Lanz, O. Die Münzen und Medaillen von Ravensburg. (Stuttgart, 1927).
Menadier, J. Deutsche Münzen. (Berlin, 1891 ff.).
Menzel, P. Deutschsprachige Notmünzen und Geldersatzmarken im In und Ausland. (Gütersloh, 2005).
Mertens, E. Sammlung Arthur Löbbecke - Deutsche Brakteaten. (Halle, 1925).
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Prokisch, B. Die Münzen und Medaillen des Deutschen Ordens in der Neuzeit. (Vienna, 2006).
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Schulten, W. Deutsche Münzen aus der Zeit Karls V. (Frankfurt, 1974).
Waschinski, E. Brakteaten und Denare des Deutschen Ordens in Frankf. (Munich, 1934).

Catalog current as of Sunday, August 18, 2019.
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German Coins