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GS12272. Silver drachm, BMC Peloponnesus 54 var., SNG Cop -, Svoronos Crète 143 var.,, VF, weight 4.162 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 0o, Gortyna mint, obverse diademed head of Zeus or Minos left; reverse ΓOPTYNIΩ−N, warrior standing left, spear in left, resting right hand on shield set on ground; flan crack, reverse strike flaws; rare; SOLD
Kydonia, Crete, c. 320 - 270 B.C.
Kydonia or Cydonia was on the northwest coast of the island of Crete, at the site of the modern Greek city of Chania. In legend Kydonia was founded by King Cydon, a son of Hermes and of Akakallis, the daughter of King Minos. Cydonians are mentioned in book 12 of the Aeneid, where their excellent bow skills are used in an extended Virgilian simile describing the Fury's descent to Juturna.SH56742. Silver diobol, SNG Lockett 2548, Dewing 2000, Robinson Pseudoaeginetica 48, SNG Cop -, Svoronos Crete -, VF, toned, weight 1.497 g, maximum diameter 12.6 mm, Kydonia (Chania, Crete, Greece) mint, c. 320 - 270 B.C.; obverse head of Nymph Kydonia left; reverse raised linear skew design (quartered square, one quarter bisected diagonally), imitating an archaic incuse; scarce; SOLD
Claudius and Messalina, 24 January 41 - 48 A.D., Knossos, Crete
Messalina was Claudius' 3rd wife and mother of Britannicus and Claudia Octavia. They were married when she was 14. In 48 A.D., while Claudius was away in Ostia, even though she was married to the emperor, Messalina married her lover, Gaius Silius. Silius was executed and Messalina driven to suicide.SH74280. Bronze AE 20, RPC I 1001 (rev legend ending IIVIR) or 1002, Svoronos Crete 214 corr. (IIVIR) or 212, SNG Cop -, BMC Crete -, aVF, crowded irregular flan, weight 4.393 g, maximum diameter 20.4 mm, die axis 180o, Knossos mint, Duumviri Cytherus und Capito, 41 A.D.; obverse TI CLAVDIVS CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS, bare head of Claudius left; reverse VALERIA MESSALINA [CAPITONE CYTHERONTE IIVIR] or [CYTHERO CAPITONE] (end of legend off flan), draped bust of Messalina right; extremely rare; SOLD
Phaistos, Crete, c. 320 - 270 B.C.
Phaistos has been inhabited since 4000 B.C. In Greek mythology, Talos (or Talon) was a giant winged man of bronze who protected Europa in Crete from pirates and invaders. He circled the island's shores three times daily.GB38685. Bronze AE 18, Svoronos Crète 74; SNG Cop 520; BMC Crete p. 64, 27 - 28, F, weight 3.879 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 270o, Phaistos mint, c. 320 - 270 B.C.; obverse Talos advancing right, nude, hurling stone in his right hand, holding another in his left; reverse hound on the scent to right, ΦAIC/TIΩN in two lines, starting above, ending in exergue; rare; SOLD
Caligula and Germanicus, 16 March 37 - 24 January 41 A.D., Knossos, Crete
SH35133. Bronze AE 23, RPC I 996; Svoronos Crète 204, VF, weight 6.620 g, maximum diameter 23.3 mm, die axis 180o, Knossos mint, obverse C CAESAR AVG GERMANICVS, laureate head of Caligula right; reverse GERM CAESAR PVLCHRO III VARIO IIVIR, laureate head of Germanicus right; SOLD
Gortyna, Crete, 4th Century B.C.
Gortyna in the southern part of central Crete, rivaled Cnossus in wealth and importance. A Gortynian decree of the third or second century B.C. required, under a penalty, the use of "the bronze money which the city has put in circulation," and established a fine to be paid by any one who "accepts in payment silver obols."GS77556. Silver drachm, Svoronos Crete p. 161, 32, pl. XIII, 6; McClean II 7111; SNG Cop -; BMC Crete -; Seager -; Weber -, aVF, overstruck, weight 5.102 g, maximum diameter 22.9 mm, Gortyna mint, 4th century B.C.; obverse head and neck of bull right, head turned slightly facing, round object to right from undertype; reverse head Persephone right, wearing wreath of grain and cross-folded taenia, rosette-shaped ear ornament and necklace, part of dotted square border from undertype, concave field; ex Gorny & Mosch auction 233 (6 Oct 2015), part of lot 3109; SOLD
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Crete
SH17138. Bronze AE 19, cf. RPC II 2814 (Uncertain, Pegasus standing left), F, weight 4.004 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Cretan mint, obverse laureate head right; reverse Pegasos standing right; brown and green patina; very rare; SOLD
Phaistos, Crete, c. 3rd Century B.C.
In Greek mythology, Talos (or Talon) was a giant winged man of bronze who protected Europa in Crete from pirates and invaders. He circled the island's shores three times daily. The author of Bibliotheke thought Talos' bronze nature might indicate he was a survivor from Hesiod's mythical Age of Bronze. The satirist Lucian took this absurd notion that men of Hesiod's Age of Bronze were actually made of bronze and, for humorous effect, extended it to men of the Age of Gold.GB85359. Bronze AE 17, Svoronos Crète 74; SNG Cop 520; BMC Crete p. 64, 27-28, F, a little rough, weight 3.702 g, maximum diameter 17.1 mm, die axis 225o, Phaistos mint, c. 3rd century B.C.; obverse Talos advancing right, nude, hurling stone in his right hand, holding another in his left hand; reverse hound on the scent to right, ΦAIC/TIΩN in two lines, starting above, ending in exergue; rare; SOLD
Itanos, Crete, c. 320 - 270 B.C.
The ancient Itanos was one of the strongest cities in Crete in Hellenistic and Roman times. The city flourished due to fishing, and its trade in glass and Tyrian purple die. Koufonissi Island, owned by Itanos, was famous the purple die made from shellfish. The nearby temple of Diktaean Zeus also brought pilgrims and the tourist trade. An earthquake in 795 precipitated a significant decline. An Arab attack in the 9th century destroyed much of the city, but Itanos was not abandoned until the 15th century, when successive Arab raids forced its residents to abandon the coast and move inland.GB92189. Bronze AE 17, Svoronos Numismatique 42, SNG Cop -, BMC Crete -, F, brown patina, tight flan, light corrosion, weight 2.987 g, maximum diameter 16.7 mm, Itanos (near Paalekastro, Eastern Crete) mint, c. 320 - 270 B.C.; obverse helmeted head of Athena left; reverse sixteen-pointed star with pellet-in-annulet at center; ex CNG e-auction 246 (15 Dec 2010), lot 84; only two sales of this type (and one is this coin) recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; ON LAYAWAY
Knossos, Crete, c. 200 - 67 B.C.
Wrapped in legend, but also clearly manifested in the archaeological record, is a huge Bronze Age labyrinth at Knossos. In mythology, the Labyrinth was designed and built by Daedalus to hold the Minotaur for King Minos. The Minotaur, half man and half bull, was killed by the Athenian hero Theseus.SH67883. Bronze AE 22, Svoronos Crete 115; BMC Crete p. 24, 46; cf. SNG Cop 365 (head left), F, weight 9.476 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 315o, Knossos mint, c. 200 - 67 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse KNΩ/Σ−I/ΩN, labyrinth; SOLD
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