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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Personifications| ▸ |Harmony||View Options:  |  |  |   

Harmony (Homonoia or Concordia)

In Roman religion, Concordia was the goddess of harmony, concord, agreement, understanding, oneness of mind, and marital harmony. The greek name for her was Homonoia. The cult of Concordia Augusta ("Majestic Harmony") was of special importance to the imperial household. Concord between emperors and with the military was especially important and often the subject of coinage. Concordia is usually depicted wearing a long cloak and holding a patera (sacrificial bowl), a cornucopia (symbol of prosperity), or a caduceus (symbol of peace).


Balbinus, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.

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Balbinus was elected along with Pupienus to end the reign of the brutal Maximinus. A military stalemate ensued, until Maximinus was murdered by his own troops. The population and the Praetorian guard held little respect for the two ex-senators, however, and they were murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SH92723. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11; BMCRE VI 71; RSC III 6, Hunter III 5, SRCV III 8485, Choice EF, superb portrait, superb strike with full boarders centering on a broad flan, dark old cabinet toning, flow lines, edge slightly ragged as expected for the type, weight 4.423 g, maximum diameter 23.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MVTVA AVGG, clasped hands; ex Roma Numismatics e-sale 59 (11 Jul 2019), lot 907; ex CNG, Classical Numismatic Review XLIII.2 (Aug 2018), no. 482057; Aureo & Calico auction 241 (8 Feb 2012), lot 355; ex Imagines Imperatorum Collection; $1600.00 (1408.00)


Balbinus, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.

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Balbinus was elected along with Pupienus to end the reign of the brutal Maximinus. A military stalemate ensued, until Maximinus was murdered by his own troops. The population and the Praetorian guard held little respect for the two ex-senators, however, and they were murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
RS92615. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11; BMCRE VI 71; RSC III 6, Hunter III 5, SRCV III 8485, Choice VF, full boarder centering on a broad flan, excellent portrait, toned, flow lines, porous, edge a little ragged, weight 3.341 g, maximum diameter 24.4 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 22 Apr - 29 Jul 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MVTVA AVGG, clasped hands; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $800.00 (704.00)


Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D.; EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, E, PXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click "EQVITI" to read the NumisWiki article, "Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark." The letter "E" in the reverse field is the first letter of the codeword EQVITI. The letter "P" in the exergue indicates this coin was struck by the first officina (mint workshop). The letters of the word EQVITI are coded in the mint marks of coins from all the officinae of the mint, with the specific letters of the codeword assigned to each officina in order corresponding with their officina numbers. This codeword probably refers to cavalry. It may be AEQVITI truncated because there were only six officinae in operation.
RA87620. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 480; Pink VI-1 p. 67, em. 9; Cohen VI 121; SRCV III 11965 var. (obv. leg.), Hunter IV 142 var. (same), Choice EF, excellent centering and strike, near full silvering, mint luster, areas of dark tone, weight 4.308 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, emission 9, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS AVG, radiate and mantled bust left, holding an eagle-tipped scepter; reverse CONCORD MILIT (harmony with the soldiers), Concordia standing slightly, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, E left, PXXI in exergue; $260.00 (228.80)


Balbinus, 22 April - 29 July 238 A.D.

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Balbinus was elected along with Pupienus to end the reign of the brutal Maximinus. A military stalemate ensued, until Maximinus was murdered by his own troops. The population and the Praetorian guard held little respect for the two ex-senators, however, and they were murdered after a reign of only 99 days.
SL90998. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 22, BMCRE VI 18, Cohen V 4, SRCV III 8494, Hunter III 11, NGC VG, strike 5/5, surface 2/5 (2490381-009), weight 19.885 g, maximum diameter 30.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 1st emission, 22 Apr - Jun 238 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES D CAEL BALBINVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG, Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, S C in exergue; scarce; $250.00 (220.00)


Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to the goddess Fides for her good quality of preserving the public peace by keeping the army true to its allegiance.
RB92356. Orichalcum sestertius, Gbl MIR 22g, RIC V-1 160, SRCV III 10012, Cohen V 70, Hunter IV - (p. xxxiv), VF, excellent portrait, centered on a tight flan, smoothing, weight 16.655 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 1st issue, Oct 253 - 254 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse FIDES MILITVM (the loyalty of the soldiers), Fides standing facing, head left, flanked by two standards, one in each hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; $250.00 (220.00)


Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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In 263 A.D., King Odenathus of Palmyra declared himself ruler of the area west of the River Euphrates and was given the title Dux Orientalis by Emperor Gallienus.
RB86184. Orichalcum sestertius, Gbl MIR 92h, RIC V J209, Cohen V 132, Hunter IV J24 corr. (described with aegis), SRCV III 10467, aVF, tight flan, dark green patina with light earthen deposits, some corrosion, a few blue-green spots, tiny edge cracks, weight 16.198 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 253 - 255 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC GALLIENVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse CONCORDIA EXERCIT (harmony with the army), Concord standing left holding patera and double cornucopia, S C (senatus consulto) at sides low across field; the lighter blue-green spots are hard, not powdery, and do NOT appear to be active corrosion; $200.00 (176.00)


Romano-British Empire, Carausius, Mid 286 - Spring or Early Summer 293 A.D.

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Marcus Aurelius Mausaeus Carausius was originally a fleet commander sent by the first Tetrarchs to rid the Northern seas of Saxon and Frankish pirates. He soon turned to piracy himself, before fleeing to Britain and declaring himself emperor. His natural cunning enabled him to resist all attempts to dislodge him. In 293 Constantius I captured his continental stronghold of Boulogne. Soon after Carausius was murdered by his chief minister Allectus.
RA73481. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 762 (R), Webb Carausius -, King Unmarked -, Hunter IV -, Cohen VII -, SRCV IV -, Bourne Carausius -, Linchmere -, Bicester -, gF/aF, green patina, tight flan, weight 4.137 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 225o, unmarked (London?) mint, c. mid 286 - 287 A.D.; obverse IMP C M CARAVSIVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, early reign 'moustache' portrait; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Emperor standing right clasping hands with Concordia, no mintmarks; from the Charles Peters Carausius Collection; very rare; $170.00 (149.60)


Roman Republic, L. Aemilius Lepidus Paullus, 62 B.C.

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At the end of the Third Macedonian War (171 - 168 B.C.), King Perseus of Macedonia was decisively defeated by Rome at the Battle of Pydna. He surrendered to general Lucius Aemilius Paullus and was imprisoned in Rome with his half-brother Philippus and his son Alexander. The Antigonid kingdom was replaced with four republics, which were later dissolved and became the Roman province of Macedonia.
RR92948. Silver denarius, RSC I Aemilia 10, Crawford 415/1, Sydenham 926, RBW Collection 1497, BMCRR I Rome 3373, SRCV I 366, Choice F, well centered, round punch on obverse, toned, light marks and scratches, weight 3.754 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 62 B.C.; obverse PAVLLVS LEPIDVS CONCORDIA, veiled and diademed head of Concordia right; reverse Paullus on right, standing left, togate, with right hand touching trophy of captured arms in center; on the left, three standing bound captives: King Perseus of Macedonia, his half-brother, and his son, TER above PAVLLVS in exergue; $140.00 (123.20)


Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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This coin is dedicated to harmony between the emperors, Volusian and his father Trebonianus Gallus.
RB91950. Bronze sestertius, RIC IV 249a (R), Cohen V 21, Hunter III 34, SRCV III 9784, VF, excellent portrait, rough mottled green patina, earthen deposits, irregular flan shape, weight 15.130 g, maximum diameter 29.0 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 251 - 253 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB VOLVSIANO AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse CONCORDIA AVGG (harmony between the two emperors), Concordia standing half left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field below center; rare; $110.00 (96.80)


Caracalla, 28 January 198 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Concordia, the goddess of agreement, understanding, and marital harmony, did not favor Caracalla and his wife, Plautilla. They hated each other, lived separately, and the marriage was likely never consummated. After the fall and execution of her father, Caracalla's Praetorian Prefect, she was exiled to the Lipari islands and executed in 212 A.D.
RS92484. Silver denarius, RIC IV 116a; RSC III 484; BMCRE III p. 362, 29; SRCV II 6871 var. (...AVG BRIT, next issue); Hunter III -, Choice VF, fantastic portrait, well centered, flow lines, toned, edge cracks, weight 3.147 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 45o, Rome mint, 210 A.D.; obverse ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, laureate bearded head right; reverse PONTIF TR P XIII COS III (priest, holder of Tribunitian power for 13 years, consul for the 3rd time), Concordia seated left, patera in right hand, double cornucopia in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $110.00 (96.80)




  



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Catalog current as of Friday, October 18, 2019.
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Harmony