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Handbook of Polish Coins. The primary reference for medieval Polish coins. Hard to find in the USA.BK11700. Handbuch der Polnischen Numismatik by Marian Gumowsi, 1960, paperback, 226 pages, 56 plates, in German, very good condition, only one copy available; SOLD
Breslau, Silesia, Kingdom of Bohemia, Sigismund of Luxembourg, 1419 - 1437
Silesia's borders and national affiliation have changed over time, both when it was a hereditary possession of noble houses and after the rise of modern nation-states. The first known states to hold power there were probably those of Greater Moravia at the end of the 9th century and Bohemia early in the 10th century. In the 10th century, Silesia was incorporated into the early Polish state, and after its division in the 12th century became a Piast duchy. In the 14th century, it became a constituent part of the Bohemian Crown Lands under the Holy Roman Empire, which passed to the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy in 1526.ME89012. Silver heller, Kopicki 8765b (R2), Saurma 67, VF, tight flan, some strike weakness, weight 0.290 g, maximum diameter 11.6 mm, die axis 270o, Breslau, Silesia (Wroclaw, Poland) mint, 1422 - 1437; obverse M O W M O W (O = annulet mint control mark), head of St. John the Baptist facing slightly left; reverse Lion rampant left; annulet (mint control mark) below; ex Münzenhdl Brom (Berlin, Germany); rare; SOLD
Poland, John II Casimir Vasa, 1648 - 1668
John II Casimir, known in Poland as Jan Kazimierz, was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, Duke of Opole in Upper Silesia, and titular King of Sweden. Unfriendly and secretive, he showed disregard and contempt for Polish culture, divided his time between lavish partying and religious contemplation, and had few friends among the Polish nobility. After his father Sigismund was deposed as King of Sweden in 1599 by his uncle, the Polish kings of the House of Vasa retained their claimed the Swedish throne, leading to the Polish-Swedish War of 1600 - 1629. The feud continued through the Thirty Years' War, and the Russo-Polish war. During the "Swedish Deluge" nearly all of Poland was captured. In 1660, John was forced to renounce his claim to the Swedish throne. The Swedes were forced to retreat but had devastated the entire country. On 16 Sep 1668, John II Casimir abdicated the Polish-Lithuanian throne, joined the Jesuits and became abbot of Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris. He died in 1672.ME49336. Bronze solidus, Gumowski 1639, SCWC KM 110, VF, weight 1.369 g, maximum diameter 15.7 mm, die axis 270o, Wilna mint, 1660; obverse IOAN . - CAS . REX, laureate head right; reverse SOLID . REGN . I . POLON . 1660, Polish eagle, crowned with shield on breast; very nice for the type; SOLD
Poland, Sigismund III Vasa, 1587 - 1632
WO55327. Silver triple grosch, SCWC KM 31, F, weight 1.779 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 45o, Krakow mint, 1622; obverse SIG : III : D : G : REX . POL . M : D : I :, crowned, draped bust right with neck ruff; reverse . III . / 1622 / GROS . ARG . / TRIP . REGN: / . POLONI ., Eagle, crowned arms, horseman galloping in upper field, mint-master design in lower field; SOLD
Poland-Danzig, Sigismund III Vasa, 1587 - 1632
Danzig had special status: its own legal system, external relations, trade, coinage, and self-government. Danzig expected the King of Poland to recognize its special status as a prerequisite for its allegiance. Danzig is known today by its Polish name, Gdansk.WO55653. Silver groschen, Gumowski 1376, aVF, weight 0.727 g, maximum diameter 19.2 mm, die axis 180o, Marienburg mint, 1626; obverse SIGIS : III : D : G : REX . POL : R : P R :, crowned, draped bust right with neck ruff; reverse + GROSSVS : CIVI : GEDANENSIS 1626, city arms of Danzig; SOLD
Poland, Sigismund I the Old, 1506 - 1548
Sigismund I, of the Jagiellon dynasty, was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1506 - 1544. He died at 81 years old. Sigismund was interested in Renaissance humanism and the revival of classical antiquity. He and his third consort, Bona Sforza, daughter of Gian Galeazzo Sforza of Milan, were patrons of Renaissance culture, which under them began to flourish in Poland and Lithuania. ME59117. Silver half groschen, Gumowski 480, VF, toned, weight 0.965 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 270o, Krakow mint, 1507; obverse REGIS POLONIE 1507, crown; reverse MONETA SIGISMVNDI, crowned eagle facing, wings spread; SOLD
Poland, Sigismund III Vasa, 1587 - 1632
Sigismund III Vasa was King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, a monarch of the united Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from 1587 to 1632. He was King of Sweden from 1592 until he was deposed in 1599 by his uncle, Charles IX of Sweden, and the Riksens ständer. He spent much of the rest of his life attempting to reclaim it.
A dreipolker was equivalent to 3 kreuzers or 1/24 thaler, as indicated in the orb.ME59104. Silver dreipolker, Gumowski 974, VF, weight 1.060 g, maximum diameter 19.4 mm, die axis 90o, Bydgoszcz mint, 1624; obverse SIGIS 3 D G REX P M D I, crowned arms; reverse MONE NO REG POLO, orb, 24 (1/24 taler) within, cross dividing 2 - 4 (date) above, open framed Sas coat of arms below; SOLD
Poland, John I Albert, 1492 - 1501 A.D.
As crown prince, John distinguished himself by his brilliant victory over the Tatars at Kopersztyn (1487). As king, he desired to act as the champion of Christendom against the Ottoman Turks and collected an army of 80,000 men. His crusade was ended before it began by an invasion of Galatia by Stephen III, hospodar of Moldavia, who had been misled by reports that John planned to place his brother on the throne of Moldavia. John counterattacked but was forced to retreat, probably due to the insubordination of his nobles. After his return he confiscated hundreds of their estates. In spite of his difficulties, he was extraordinarily popular.ME59115. Silver half groschen, Gumowski 467, VF, weight 0.829 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 90o, Cracow mint, 1492 - 1501 A.D.; obverse +MONETA + I + ALBERTI, crowned imperial eagle facing, wings spread, head left, within inner dot border; reverse + REGIS * * POLOnIE, crown within inner dot border; SOLD
Poland, Casimir IV Jagiellon, 1447 - 1492 A.D.
Casimir IV the Jagiellonian (30 November 1427 - 7 June 1492) of the Jagiellon dynasty, was Grand Duke of Lithuania from 1440, and King of Poland from 1447, until his death. This example is a late example; the reverse legend reads MK MONTEA KASIMIR on earlier issues.ME59134. Silver half groschen, Gumowski 451, VF, weight 0.662 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Cracow mint, obverse + REGIE * POLONIE, crown within inner border, floret below; reverse + MONETA * KASIMIRI, Polish eagle within inner border; SOLD
Poland, John I Albert, 1492 - 1501 A.D.
ME47712. Silver half groschen, Gumowski 467, VF, weight .715 g, maximum diameter 21.4 mm, die axis 315o, obverse · REGIS · POLOnIE, crown within inner circle; reverse +MONETA + I + ALBERTI, imperial eagle facing, wings spread, head left within inner circle; SOLD
Frynas, J. Medieval Coins of Bohemia, Hungary and Poland. (London, 2015).
Gumowski, M. Handbuch der Polnischen Numismatik. (Graz, 1960).
Herinek, L. Osterreichische Münzprägungen. (Vienna, 1984).
Kopicki, E. Ilustrowany Skorowidz Pieniêdzy Polskich i z Polska Zwiazanych. (Warsaw, 1995).
Kopicki, E. Monety Zygmunta III Wazy. (Szczecin, 2007).
Krause, C. & C. Mishler. Standard Catalog of World Coins. (Iola, WI, 2010 - ).
von Saurma-Jeltsch, H. Die saurmasche Münzsammlung deutscher, schweizerischer und polnischer Gepräge. (Berlin, 1892).
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