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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Antiquities| ▸ |Medieval Artifacts| ▸ |Byzantine Antiquities||View Options:  |  |  |   

Byzantine Antiquities
Byzantine Palestina III, Petraean-Early Byzantine Oil Lamp, c. 325 - 520 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Byzantine| |Palestina| |III,| |Petraean-Early| |Byzantine| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |325| |-| |520| |A.D.|,
Grawehr writes, "...firstly, lamps of this period were produced with great care and are well fired; they were of far better quality than their predecessors of the 3rd century A.D. Secondly, one single type - the Petraean-Early Byzantine lamp - is clearly dominating, and thirdly, this type is concentrated in a relatively small area east of the Wadi Arabah between Wadi Mujib and the Red Sea." He further notes that the quality attests to an upswing in the regional economy, but the distribution indicates increasing regionalism.
AL21909. Petraean-Early Byzantine Oil Lamp; Grawehr type L, 504 (very similar, Petra, Ez Zantur III, 325-520 A.D.); 8.7 cm long, 6.0 cm wide, Choice, intact, tiny chip in fill hole edge, small chip in shoulder (visible in photo), c. 325 - 520 A.D.; red clay, cream slip, mold-made, thin walled, piriform body, single rim around wick hole, double rim around large filling hole, very small knob handle, lines on nozzle radiating from wick hole the outer lines ending in a spiral, curved lines radiating from filling hole on shoulders, ring base, maker's mark VV on bottom below the handle; $280.00 SALE |PRICE| $252.00


Islamic, Mold Blown Glass Jar, c. 9th - 10th Century A.D.

|Glass| |Antiquities|, |Islamic,| |Mold| |Blown| |Glass| |Jar,| |c.| |9th| |-| |10th| |Century| |A.D.|,
Dating on this type is somewhat uncertain, we only found the one similar jar in the many references examined (Newark Museum 227). That specimen is smaller, with a ornamental diamond pattern and thick blue-green glass. It may not be closely related and, for that piece, Susan Auth omitted the date from the description.
AG21144. cf. Newark Museum 227, Average, reconstructed, missing fragment (visible in photo), weathering, old glued on museum or collectors tag, irregularly shaped cylindrical jar, transparent green glass, 11 cm (4 3/8") tall, 8.5 cm (3 3/8") maximum diameter, mold-blown annulet dimple pattern on sides of cylindrical body, sloped shoudler with extended flair at the bottom, convex neck, flaring mouth, fire rounded rim, kicked bottom with pontil mark, from the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer in antiquities for 40 years; $225.00 SALE |PRICE| $203.00


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), "Elongated" Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 620 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syro-Palestinian),| |"Elongated"| |Pottery| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |400| |-| |620| |A.D.|,
This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date to the fifth and sixth century but possibly also the beginning of the seventh century. In the Hellenistic and Roman eras Beit Shean was the Decapolis city Scythopolis. Click the photo on the right of the Roman theater at Beit Shean, to learn more about the city. Scythopolis
AL93905. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 967 ff. (none with cross); 8.9 cm (3 1/2") long, Choice, complete and intact, small bumps, light deposits, traces of a white slip, c. 400 - 600/620 A.D.; pink clay, mold made, elongated body, tongue shaped handle rising diagonally ornamented with three vertical bands, double rim around large filling hole, convex shoulders ornamented with geometric pattern of dots and lines, cross on nozzle; rare with cross; $180.00 SALE |PRICE| $162.00


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), Large Bi-Lanceolate Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 300 - 500 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syro-Palestinian),| |Large| |Bi-Lanceolate| |Pottery| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |300| |-| |500| |A.D.|,
Adler notes these lamps are found throughout the northern part of Israel, especially in Beit Shean and Hamat Gader, and date to the fourth and fifth centuries. Hamat Gader was already a well known health and recreation site in Roman times, mentioned in Strabo, Origen and Eunapius, as well as the Rabbinic literature. Construction of the bath complex began in the 2nd century by the 10th Roman Legion, which was garrisoned in nearby Gadara (modern Umm Qais). The ancient Hebrew name means hot springs of (the ancient city of) Gadara. The Arabic name El-Hamma preserves this, and the name of the tel located near the site, Tel Bani, is a corruption of the Latin word meaning "baths." The empress Aelia Eudocia composed a poem praising the qualities of the multiple springs which was inscribed so that visitors could see it as they went into the pool. The photo to the right is of the ancient Roman baths. Click the photo to see a larger image.Hammat Gader Baths
AL93907. Large Bi-lanceolate pottery oil lamp; Adler Collection (website) type N2; 10.8 cm (4 1/4") long, Choice, complete and intact, much of slip remaining, c. 300 - 500 A.D.; pink clay, cream-buff slip, mold made with incised decoration, the body includes the entire lamp from tip of nozzle to tip of "tongue" handle, wide rim surrounds a large fill hole, incised herring-bone geometric wreath pattern also with raised dots on narrow convex shoulders, two incised lengthwise lines on the handle; much larger then usual for the type; $170.00 SALE |PRICE| $153.00


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), "Elongated" Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 620 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syro-Palestinian),| |"Elongated"| |Pottery| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |400| |-| |620| |A.D.|,
This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date to the fifth and sixth century but possibly also the beginning of the seventh century. In the Hellenistic and Roman eras Beit Shean was the Decapolis city Scythopolis. Click the photo on the right of the ancient ruins at Beit Shean, to learn more about the city. Scythopolis
AL93937. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 971 (slightly larger, very similar ornamentation); 8.9 cm (3 1/2") long, Choice, complete and intact, c. 400 - 600/620 A.D.; pink clay, mold made, elongated body, tongue shaped handle rising diagonally ornamented with three vertical bands, double rim around large filling hole, radiating bands on convex shoulders, dots and lines (grapes on vine) on nozzle; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), "Elongated" Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 620 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syro-Palestinian),| |"Elongated"| |Pottery| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |400| |-| |620| |A.D.|,
This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date to the fifth and sixth century but possibly also the beginning of the seventh century. In the Hellenistic and Roman eras Beit Shean was the Decapolis city Scythopolis. Click the photo on the right of the Roman theater at Beit Shean, to learn more about the city. Scythopolis
AL93927. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 967 - 968 (similar ornamentation); 8.6 cm (3 5/8") long, Choice, complete and intact, small cut on rim, tiny chips in handle, minor deposits (visible in photos), c. 400 - 600/620 A.D.; pink-orange clay, mold made, elongated body, tongue shaped handle rising diagonally ornamented with three vertical bands, double rim around large filling hole, pattern of dots in the angles of zig-zag lines on the shoulders and nozzle, decorative circle on the bottom (not a true ring base); $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), "Elongated" Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 620 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syro-Palestinian),| |"Elongated"| |Pottery| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |400| |-| |620| |A.D.|,
This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date to the fifth and sixth century but possibly also the beginning of the seventh century. In the Hellenistic and Roman eras Beit Shean was the Decapolis city Scythopolis. Click the photo on the right of the ancient ruins at Beit Shean, to learn more about the city. Scythopolis
AL93938. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 967 (smaller, similar ornamentation); 9.2 cm (3 5/8") long, Choice, complete and intact, minor bumps, light earthen deposits, c. 400 - 620 A.D.; pink-orange clay, mold made, elongated body, tongue shaped handle rising diagonally ornamented with five vertical bands, triple rim around large filling hole, floral-geometric pattern of lines and dots on the shoulders and nozzle, decorative circle on bottom (not a true ring base); $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), "Elongated" Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 620 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syro-Palestinian),| |"Elongated"| |Pottery| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |400| |-| |620| |A.D.|,
This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date to the fifth and sixth century but possibly also the beginning of the seventh century. In the Hellenistic and Roman eras Beit Shean was the Decapolis city Scythopolis. Click the photo on the right of the ancient ruins at Beit Shean, to learn more about the city. Scythopolis
AL21906. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 967 ff.; 8.6 cm (3 3/8") long, near Choice, small chips in filling hole and wick rims, small chips in handle, c. 400 - 600/620 A.D.; pink-orange clay, cream slip, mold made, elongated body, double rim around large filling hole, convex shoulders and sides of nozzle ornamented with a pattern of lines, arcs and dots; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), "Elongated" Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 400 - 620 A.D.

|Oil| |Lamps|, |Late| |Roman| |-| |Byzantine,| |Holyland| |(Syro-Palestinian),| |"Elongated"| |Pottery| |Oil| |Lamp,| |c.| |400| |-| |620| |A.D.|,
This type is identified by Adler as a Transjordan elongated lamp. Adler writes that the shoulders are narrow and ornamented with a wide variety of motifs including linear bands, geometric, and floral designs; the handle is tongue shaped projecting horizontally and decorated with three or more bands; the nozzle is decorated with geometric or floral designs or rarely a cross. The type is found in the northern part of Transjordan, and in Israel, mainly in northern Israel and the Beit Shean area. They date to the fifth and sixth century but possibly also the beginning of the seventh century.
AL93892. Transjordan elongated lamp; Adler type JOR.1, cf. 967 ff. (none with palm frond ornamentation); 8.6 cm (3 3/8") long, near Choice, small chips in handle, crack at seam between two molded halves of the lamp, thin flake lost on bottom right side, earthen deposits (flaws visible in the photos), c. 400 - 600/620 A.D.; pink clay, mold made, elongated body, handle rising diagonally (ornamented with an X(?), unusual for the type), double rim around large filling hole, convex shoulders and sides of nozzle ornamented with alternating diagonal lines and lines of dots, high relief palm frond at peak of nozle from wick hole to filling hole rim; rare with palm frond; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00


Islamic, Umayyad Caliphate, Arab Pseudo-Byzantine Coinage, Caliph 'Abd al Malik, c. 685 - 705 A.D.

|Islamic|, |Islamic,| |Umayyad| |Caliphate,| |Arab| |Pseudo-Byzantine| |Coinage,| |Caliph| |'Abd| |al| |Malik,| |c.| |685| |-| |705| |A.D.|, |fals|
The first Islamic coins were imitations of Byzantine and Sasanian types. Abd al-Malik removed the transverse bar of the cross and introduced the Muslim profession of faith: "There is no god but God alone; Muhammad is the Messenger of God." The Byzantine emperor Justinian II expressed his disapproval and then put the image of Jesus on the obverse of his coins. This standing caliph obverse type was likely struck in a tit for tat response to Justinian's change.
IS92102. Bronze fals, cf. Walker BMC p. 38 and pl VIII, 126; SIC Ashmolean 718; Khalili Collection 60; Goodwin -; DOCAB -; Mitchiner WOI -, aVF, flatly struck, earthen deposits, weight 2.911 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, die axis 0o, Amman mint, c. 74 - 77 AH, 693 - 697 A.D.; obverse Arabic inscription: for the servant of God, Abd al-Malik, commander of the believers, caliph standing facing, wearing Arab headdress and long robes, right hand on pommel of sword hanging on left side; reverse Arabic inscription: there is no deity but God, He is alone, Muhammad is the messenger of God, transformed cross resembling Φ on four steps, eight pointed star left, Arabic mint name downward on right: Amman; ex John Jencek; scarce; $85.00 SALE |PRICE| $76.50




  



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