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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Types| ▸ |Votive||View Options:  |  |  |   

Votive Coinage

Jovian, 27 June 363 - 17 February 364 A.D.

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After arriving at Antioch, Jovian decided to rush to Constantinople to consolidate his political position there. While en route, he was found dead in bed in his tent at Dadastana, halfway between Ancyra and Nicaea. His death has been attributed to either a surfeit of mushrooms or the poisonous carbon monoxide fumes of a charcoal warming fire. Jovian was buried in the Church of the Holy Apostles in Constantinople.
SH91547. Silver reduced siliqua, RIC VIII Arles 331 (R2), RSC V 33Ab, SRCV V 19207, VF, toned, tight flan, light marks, die wear, weight 1.601 g, maximum diameter 16.64 mm, die axis 0o, Arelatum (Arles, France) mint mint, 27 Jun 363 - 17 Feb 364 A.D.; obverse D N IOVIA-NVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VOT / V / MVLT / X in four lines within laurel within wreath, [P?]CONST in exergue; rare; $240.00 (211.20)


Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.

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Magnentius, usurper of the western provinces, made his brother Decentius caesar, to oversee the defense of Gaul and the Rhine frontier. After Magnentius was defeated at the Battle of Mons Seleucus by Constantius II and committed suicide, Decentius, who was leading reinforcements, hanged himself at Senonae.
RB91842. Billon maiorina, for prototype cf. RIC VIII Lyons 122 (Roman, Decentius, caesar, usurper in Gaul, 351 - 353 A.D., Lugdunum mint), Choice gVF, slightly crude, tight flan, encrustations, weight 3.504 g, maximum diameter 20.3 mm, die axis 180o, tribal mint, 350 - early 5th century A.D.; obverse D N DECENTIVS NOB CAE (or similar, blundered), bare-headed and cuirassed bust of Decentius right; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET C (or similar, blundered), two Victories standing confronted, together holding between them a wreath resting on a short column, IOT / HVL / X (blundered VOT V MVLT X) in three lines, SLG in exergue; $150.00 (132.00)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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Constantine II was the son of Constantine I, the eldest son with his second wife, Fausta. He was born in Arles (which was renamed Constantia in his honor in 328, explaining the CON mintmarks for Arles) and was made Caesar before he was a year old in 316 A.D. Upon his father's death, Constantine II inherited the Western part of the empire. After quarreling with his brother Constans, he invaded Constans' territory, only to be killed in an ambush near Aquileia. His coins often include "IVN" in the legend, an abbreviation for junior.
RL89619. Billon reduced follis, RIC VII London 181 (R2), SRCV V 17270, Cohen VII 224, Hunter V 1 var. (cross within wreath on altar), Choice aEF, excellent portrait, centered on a broad flan, green patina, traces of silvering, light earthen deposits, weight 3.412 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 135o, 1st officina, Londinium (London, England) mint, as caesar, 320 A.D.; obverse FL CL CONSTANTINVS IVN N C, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust left; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding wreath over altar, VOT / PR in (vows of the Roman People) two lines within wreath, wreath on the front of the altar, PLN in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Lucie Courcy (2006); rare; $120.00 (105.60)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 320, Crispus, eldest son of Constantine I, led a victorious campaign against the Franks, assuring twenty years of peace along the Rhine frontier. He established his residence in Augusta Treverorum (modern Trier), capital of Germania.
RL20963. Billon centenionalis, Paolucci-Zub 255a, RIC VII Aquileia 48, SRCV IV 16323, Cohen VII 690, Choice gVF, well centered, nice portrait, some silvering, weight 3.122 g, maximum diameter 18.3 mm, die axis 330o, 1st officina, Aquileia mint, 320 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VIRTVS EXERCIT (courage of the army), vexillum inscribed VOT / XX, two captives seated at base facing outward, the one on the left with hands bound behind, the one on the right looking back left, S left, F right, AQP in exergue; from the Scott Collection, ex Beast Coins (2007); $110.00 (96.80)


Constantine II, 22 May 337 - March or April 340 A.D.

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Constantine II was about eight years old when this coin was minted. Here he is draped and cuirassed as a powerful child Caesar with the world in his hands!
SH63721. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 382 (R3) corr. (no cuirass), SRCV V 17155, Cohen VII 23, gVF, well centered on a tight flan, nice green patina, weight 2.868 g, maximum diameter 18.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 322 - 323 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS IVN NOB C, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust left, Victory on globe offering wreath in right hand, mappa in left, head of Medusa on cuirass; reverse BEATA TRANQVILLITAS (blessed tranquility), altar inscribed VO/TIS / XX, surmounted by globe, three stars above, STR in exergue; rare; $100.00 (88.00)


Crispus, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 326 A.D.

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RIC VII Siscia 169 (R4) lists the symbol following the mintmark as a double crescent but we have seen a number of coins like this one, on which the symbol appears to be pellet within a crescent.
RL12085. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 169 (R4) var. (double crescent), SRCV IV 16773, Cohen VII 44, Hunter V -, Choice EF, nice portrait, attractive green patina, weight 3.075 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 320 - 321 A.D.; obverse IVL CRISPVS NOB C, laureate head right; reverse CAESARVM NOSTRORVM (our prince), VOT / X in two lines within wreath, wreath tied at the bottom and decorated with a jewel at the top, BSIS and pellet within crescent in exergue; rare; $100.00 (88.00)


Constantine the Great, 319-320 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL89615. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Lyons 65 (R1, altar d), SRCV IV 16291, Cohen VII 631, Hunter V 87, Choice gVF, well centered on a broad flan, crude style, edge cracks, weight 2.975 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 180o, Lugdunum (Lyons, France) mint, 319 - 320 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTINVS AVG, high crested (bowl shaped) helmet and cuirassed, bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAET PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing facing each other, together holding shield with inscribed VOT / P R in two lines, shield resting on altar with X center, two bound captives seated back to back in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Noble Roman Coins (2004); rare; $100.00 (88.00)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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In 319, Constantine prohibited the separation of the families of slaves during a change in ownership.
RL89625. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Trier 221 (R2), SRCV IV 16297, Cohen VII 640, Hunter V -, EF, choice obverse with nice portrait, light and dark brown patina, reverse a little off center, reverse die crack, tiny encrustations, weight 2.415 g, maximum diameter 17.9 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTI-NVS MAX AVG, laureate, helmeted and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over altar, star ornament on the front of altar, STR in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex CNG e-auction 134 (1 Mar 2006), lot 452 (part of); rare; $100.00 (88.00)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people."
RL89659. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 54 (R2, altar type y), Cohen VII 636, SRCV IV 16302, Hunter V -, Choice EF, excellent centering, bold strike, near full silvering, weight 2.933 g, maximum diameter 17.8 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 318 - 319 A.D.; obverse IMP CONSTANTINVS AVG, laureate, helmeted, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIAE LAETAE PRINC PERP (Joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) on altar, altar ornamented with a small cross at the center of a larger X, ΓSIS in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Mediterranean Coins (Jan 2004); $100.00 (88.00)


Constantine the Great, Early 307 - 22 May 337 A.D.

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The reverse legend abbreviates, Victoriae Laetae Principium Perpertua, which translates, "Joyous victory to the eternal Prince." VOT P R on the shield abbreviates, Vota Populi Romani, which translates, "Vows (prayers) of the Roman people." For this issue, the altar is always marked I for the first (A) and second (B) officinae, and S for the third (G), fourth (?) and fifth (E) officinae. The meaning of the letters on the altar is unknown.
RL89679. Billon centenionalis, RIC VII Siscia 84 (R4), SRCV IV 16288, Cohen VII 570, Hunter V 251 var. (1st officina, I on altar), gVF, full legends, light deposits, weight 3.482 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Siscia (Sisak, Croatia) mint, 319 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIN-VS AVG, helmeted and cuirassed bust left, crested helmet ornamented with stars, spear in right hand over right shoulder, shield on left arm; reverse VICT LAETAE PRINC PERP (joyous victory to the eternal Prince), two Victories standing confronted, together holding shield inscribed VOT / P R (vows of the Roman people) over altar inscribed with S, ΓSIS in exergue; ex Beast Coins VLPP Collection, ex Nemesis Coins (July 2004); rare; $100.00 (88.00)




  



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