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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Greek Coins| ▸ |Greek Imperial| ▸ |Decapolis, Arabia & Syria||View Options:  |  |  |   

Roman Provincial Coins from the Decapolis, Syria and Arabia

The Decapolis means "the ten cities" in Greek, yet we don't really know how many cities there were, or where they were. In 106 A.D., under the Roman emperor Trajan, the Nabataean Kingdom and the cities of the Decapolis were incorporated into the newly established Provinces of Syria and Arabia.

Click here to read "The Decapolis of Jordan" by Rami G. Khouri


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Bostra, Decapolis

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Portraits of the young Marcus Aurelius as Caesar are a favorite among many collectors.
RY13610. Bronze AE 16, Spijkerman 20, gF, weight 1.73 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, as caesar, 138 - 161 A.D.; obverse AYPHΛIOC KAICAP, bare headed cuirassed bust right; reverse TYXHN TPAI BOC, turreted and draped bust of Tyche right; price reduced to Forum's cost!; rare; SOLD


Antioch, Seleukis and Pieria, Syria, 13 - 14 A.D., The "Star of Bethlehem Coin"

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Michael Molnar, an astronomer, believes this coin depicts Jupiter's occultation of Aries in 6 B.C., the most probable "Star of Bethlehem."
RY09127. Bronze AE 20, McAlee 99; RPC I 4269; SNG Cop 98; BMC Galatia p. 159, 65, VF, weight 6.32 g, maximum diameter 20.0 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, Legatus Augusti Pro Praetore Silanus, 13 - 14 A.D.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse EΠI ΣIΛANOY ANTIOCEΩN, ram running right, looking back, star above, ∆M (year 44 Actian Era) below; SOLD


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Chalkis, Syria

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Chalkis, Syria was one of the cities Cleopatra received from Marc Antony in 36 B.C.

Cleopatra VII Philopator was a Hellenistic ruler of Egypt, originally sharing power with her father Ptolemy XII and later with her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV; eventually gaining sole rule of Egypt. As Pharaoh, she consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne. After Caesar's assassination, she aligned with Mark Antony. Her reign marks the end of the Hellenistic Era and the beginning of the Roman Era in the eastern Mediterranean. She was the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
GY30352. Bronze dichalkon, RPC I 4773, HGC 9 1453, Cohen DCA 478, Rouvier 439 (Berytus), Svoronos -, SNG Cop -, gVF, excellent portrait, attractive green patina, superb for the type, weight 4.986 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Chalkis ad Libanon (Qinnasrin, Syria) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; obverse BACIΛICCIC KΛE−OΠATPAC, diademed bust of Cleopatra VII right; reverse ETOYC KA TOY KAI v ΘEAC NEWTEPAC, Athena advancing left, holding spear in right hand, shield in left; very rare; SOLD


Otho, 15 January 69 - 17 April 69 A.D., Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria

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Gaius Licinius Mucianus (named on this coin) was governor of Syria. When he failed to put down the Jewish revolt, Vespasian was sent to replace him. After the death of Galba, Mucianus and Vespasian both swore allegiance to Otho. Mucianus persuaded Vespasian to take up arms against Vitellius, who had seized the throne. They agreed Vespasian would settle affairs in the East, while Mucianus made would attack Vitellius. On his way to Rome, Mucianus defeated a Dacian invasion of Moesia. Mucianus reached Rome the day after Vitellius' death. Mucianus never wavered in his allegiance to Vespasian and was appointed consul for the third time in 72. As no mention is made of Mucianus during the reigns of Titus or Domitian, he probably died during the reign of Vespasian.
RP85562. Bronze AE 28, McAlee 319 (ex. rare, same dies), cf. RPC 4316 (not specifying obverse legend direction), aVF, nice portrait, dark patina with buff earthen highlighting, spots of light corrosion, obverse legend mostly weak or off flan, weight 11.757 g, maximum diameter 27.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 15 Jan 69 - 17 Apr 69 A.D.; obverse [IMP M OT]-HO - [CAE AVG] (counterclockwise from upper left), head laureate right, dot in field behind; reverse EΠI / MOYKIA/NOY AN/TIOXEΩ/N ET ZIP (legate Mucianus, of Antioch, year 117) in five lines within a linear circle in a laurel wreath; this variant with a counterclockwise obverse legend is extremely rare; ex Gemini auction XIII (6 Apr 2017), lot 158, ex Jyrki Muona Collection; SOLD


Julius Marinus, Father of Philip the Arab, Philippopolis, Arabia

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Philip the Arab was born in a small village in Provincia Arabia. After he became emperor, he renamed it Philippopolis and an extensive construction program began changing the village to a city. Among its coins are this rare type that honors Julius Marinus, Philip's father.
SH15300. Bronze AE 23, SNG ANS 1402, Spijkerman 2, BMC Arabia p. 42, 2, Fair, holed, weight 6.513 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Philippopolis (Plovdiv, Bulgaria) mint, 244 - 249; obverse ΘEΩ MAPINΩ, Julius Marinus' bust right, carried by eagle; reverse ΦIΛIΠΠOΠOΛITΩN KOΛΩNIAΣ S - C, Roma standing left, patera in right hand, spear in left hand, shield at feet right; rare; SOLD


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Chalkis, Syria

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Chalkis, Syria was one of the cities Cleopatra received from Marc Antony in 36 B.C.

Cleopatra VII Philopator was a Hellenistic ruler of Egypt, originally sharing power with her father Ptolemy XII and later with her brothers/husbands Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV; eventually gaining sole rule of Egypt. As Pharaoh, she consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne. After Caesar's assassination, she aligned with Mark Antony. Her reign marks the end of the Hellenistic Era and the beginning of the Roman Era in the eastern Mediterranean. She was the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
SH26037. Bronze tetrachalkon, RPC I 4773, Svoronos -, SNG Cop -, VF/F, a little rough, weight 4.949 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Chalkis ad Libanon (Qinnasrin, Syria) mint, 32 - 31 B.C.; obverse BACIΛICCIC KΛE−OΠATPAC, diademed bust of Cleopatra VII right; reverse ETOYC KA TOY KAI v ΘEAC NEWTEPAC, Athena advancing left, holding spear and shield; good portrait for the type, green patina; very rare; SOLD


Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D., Laodicea ad Mare, Coele-Syria

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SH21683. Silver tetradrachm, Prieur 1163, superb EF, weight 13.375 g, maximum diameter 27.3 mm, die axis 0o, Laodicea ad Mare (Latakia, Syria) mint, 209 - 211 A.D.; obverse AYT KAI CEOVHPOC CE, laureate and draped bust right; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠATOC TO Γ (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 3rd time), eagle standing facing, looking left, wreath in beak, star between legs; SOLD


Roman Syria, Glass Vessel, 3rd - 5th Century A.D.

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From the collection of Alex G. Malloy, former dealer in antiquities for 40 years.
AM32601. Blue vessel with pinched projections; cf. Corning I 318, Superb!, 6.9 cm (2 3/4"), clear bright blue glass, globular body ornamented with a horizontal row five pinched projections, short neck, broad folded and flattened rim; worthy of the finest museum or private collection; SOLD


Augustus, 16 January 27 B.C. - 19 August 14 A.D., Antioch, Syria

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In 2 B.C. Augustus was proclaimed Pater Patriae (father of the country) by the Roman Senate. The title was the logical consequence and final proof of Augustus' supreme position as princeps, the first in charge over the Roman state. His personal life did not go so well. His daughter, Julia the Elder, was exiled to Pandateria on charges of treason and adultery; her mother Scribonia accompanied her.
SH67478. Silver tetradrachm, McAlee 184; Prieur 54; RPC I 4155; BMC Galatia p. 168, 140, VF, weight 15.041 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 2 B.C.; obverse KAIΣAPOΣ ΣEBAΣTOY, laureate head right; reverse ETOYΣ ΘK NIKHΣ (year 29 Actian victory era), Tyche of Antioch seated right on rocks, turreted, holding palm branch, half-length figure of river-god Orontes swimming right below, his head turned facing, YΠA monogram IΓ (13th consulship) over ANT (Antioch) monogram in the right field; SOLD


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Bostra, Provincial Arabia

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The camel was the sacred animal and symbol of Dusares, the main Nabataean god. Camels were sacrificed to him. The Romans made the camel their symbol of Arabia.
SH90321. Silver drachm, Sydenham Caesarea 204; Kindler Bostra pl. VI, 10 ff. var.; BMC Galatia p. 54, 65 var. (Caesarea, Cappadocia); SNG ANS 1159 var. (all var. bust), gVF, superb heroic portrait, weight 3.409 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Bostra (Bosra, Syria) mint, 112 - 117 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANΩ APICTΩ CEB ΓEPM ∆AK, laureate, bare-chest bust right, with slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse ∆HMAPX EΞ YΠA TO ς (holder of Tribunitian power, consul for the 6th time), Bactrian camel, with two humps, walking left on exergual line; ex Frascatius Ancient Coins, extremely rare with this bust; SOLD




  




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REFERENCES|

American Numismatic Society Collections Database - http://numismatics.org/search/search.
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Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 13, 2019.
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Roman Decapolis, Syria and Arabia