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The Celator, Journal of Ancient and Medieval Coinage, Complete| - All Issues, Feb/Mar 1987 - May/June 2012
For 25 years, The Celator was the world's premier journal for ancient coin collectors. It was founded in 1987 by Wayne G. Sayles who published it with the help of family members until 1999 when it was sold to Kerry K. Wetterstrom. Kerry published it for another 13 years. Vol. 1, was published every two months, it was issued monthly thereafter. It was printed in newspaper format from Vol. 1, No. 1 to Vol. 4, No. 8. Thereafter it was a glossy magazine. BG20514. The Celator, Journal of Ancient and Medieval Coinage, **** COMPLETE| - ALL VOLUMES ****, from Vol. 1, No. 1 (February, 1987) to Vol. 26, No. 5 (May-June, 2012); the first two newsprint volumes a bit browned, nearly all other volumes pristine, most with mailing covers intact; price includes domestic shipping, international shipping at cost; $1200.00 (€1056.00)
Gordian III, 29 July 238 - 25 February 244 A.D.
In winter 241, Gordian III arrived at Antioch and began to prepare with his army for an offensive against the Persians. In 242, Shapur I made a preemptive attack on Antioch to drive him out. Gordian's father-in-law, Timesitheus, repeatedly defeated the Persians until, in 243, Shapur was forced to retreat back to Persia. GS20795. Silver denarius, RIC IV 130 (R), RSC IV 340, Hunter III 65, SRCV III 8682, Choice VF, well centered, flow lines, light marks, tiny edge cracks, weight 3.174 g, maximum diameter 20.2 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 241 - 242 A.D.; obverse IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse SECVRITAS PVBLICA (security of the public), Securitas seated left, at ease, scepter in right hand, propping head with left hand; ex Forum (2013), ex Las Vegas dealer; $80.00 (€70.40)
Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.
In 106, Rabbel II Soter, one of Rome's client kings, died. This event might have prompted the annexation of the Nabataean kingdom, but the manner and the formal reasons for the annexation are unclear. Some epigraphic evidence suggests a military operation, with forces from Syria and Egypt. What is known is that by 107, Roman legions were stationed in the area around Petra and Bostra, as is shown by a papyrus found in Egypt. The furthest south the Romans occupied (or, better, garrisoned, adopting a policy of having garrisons at key points in the desert) was Hegra, over 300 kilometres south-west of Petra. The empire gained what became the province of Arabia Petraea (modern southern Jordan and north west Saudi Arabia). As Nabataea was the last client kingdom in Asia west of the Euphrates, the annexation meant that the entire Roman East had been provincialized, completing a trend towards direct rule that had begun under the Flavians. RS20796. Silver denarius, Woytek 270b, RIC II 128, RSC II 74, BMCRE III 328, Strack I 128, SRCV II 3129, VF, nice portrait, toned, well struck, a few minor scrapes and scratches, weight 3.162 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 107 - 108 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on far shoulder; reverse COS V P P S P Q R OPTIMO PRINC, Victory standing slightly left, naked to hips, raising wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; ex Forum (2018), ex Florida dealer; $180.00 (€158.40)
Athens, Attica, Greece, c. 454 - 404 B.C., Old Style Tetradrachm
The old-style tetradrachm of Athens is famous for its almond shaped eye, archaic smile, and charming owl reverse. Around 480 B.C. a wreath of olive leaves and a decorative scroll were added to Athena's helmet. On the reverse, a crescent moon was added.
During the period 449 - 413 B.C. huge quantities of tetradrachms were minted to finance grandiose building projects such as the Parthenon and to cover the costs of the Peloponnesian War. BK20797. Silver tetradrachm, SNG Cop 31, SNG München 49, Kroll 8, Dewing 1611, Gulbenkian 519, HGC 4 1597, SGCV I 2526, EF, well centered on a tight flan with unusual near full crest, some obverse die wear, weight 17.166 g, maximum diameter 24.1 mm, die axis 45o, Athens mint, c. 454 - 404 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, almond shaped eye, crested helmet with olive leaves and floral scroll, wire necklace, round earring, hair in parallel curves; reverse owl standing right, head facing, erect in posture, olive sprig and crescent left, AΘE downward on right, all within incuse square; $1100.00 (€968.00)
Syracuse, Sicily, Agathokles, 317 - 289 B.C.
With an army of mercenaries, through deceit, and after banishing or murdering some 10,000 citizens, Agathocles made himself master of Syracuse and later most of Sicily. Machiavelli wrote of him, "It cannot be called prowess to kill fellow-citizens, to betray friends, to be treacherous, pitiless, and irreligious" and cited him as an example of "those who by their crimes come to be princes." According to the historian Justin, very early in life Agathocles parlayed his remarkable beauty into a career as a prostitute, first for men, and later, after puberty, for women, and then made a living by robbery before becoming a soldier and marrying a rich widow. BK20798. Bronze litra, Calciati II p. 277, 142; SNG ANS 708 ff.; SNG Cop 779; BMC Sicily p. 199; 422 ff.; SGCV I 1200; HGC 2 1537 (S), gVF, well centered and struck, tight flan cutting off part of reverse inscription, light encrustations, small pit on reverse, weight 8.689 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 135o, Syracuse mint, 304 - 289 B.C.; obverse ΣΩTEIPA, head of Artemis Soteira right, wearing necklace and pendant earring, hair bound with a ribbon, quiver over shoulder; reverse winged fulmen (thunderbolt), AΓAΘOKΛEOΣ (Agathokles) above, BAΣIΛEΩΣ (king) below; ex Forum 2017, ex Mediterranean Coins; $200.00 (€176.00)
Maximian, 286 - 305, 306 - 308, and 310 A.D..
The Roman's believed Jupiter granted protection and success to his favorites, who tended to be people in positions of authority similar to his own. RT91843. Copper post-reform radiate, Hunter V 111 (also 2st officina), RIC VI Alexandria 46b, SRCV IV 13317, Cohen VII 54, gVF, excellent portrait, red copper patina with orange earthen highlighting, spots of slightest corrosion, reverse slightly off center, tiny edge cracks, weight 2.675 g, maximum diameter 20.97 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 296 - 297 A.D.; obverse IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONCORDIA MILITVM (harmony with the soldiers), Maximianus (on left) standing right, short scepter in left hand, Jupiter (on right) standing left, offering Victory on globe with right hand, long scepter vertical behind in left hand, B in center, ALE in exergue; $80.00 (€70.40)
Maxentius, February 307 - 28 October 312 A.D.
Maxentius assumed power in a rebellion against Severus II, who had removed the tax exemptions enjoyed by residents of the city of Rome. The legend CONSERVATORES VRB SVAE declares Maxentius is the Savior of the City, protecting its customs and privileges. RT91864. Billon follis, RIC VI Ticinum 95, SRCV IV 14980, Cohen IV 27 28, Hunter V -, aVF, a little rough, edge crack, weight 5.732 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, autumn 307 - spring 308 A.D.; obverse MAXENTIVS P F AVG, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust right; reverse CONSERV VRB SVAE (Guardian of the city traditions), Roma seated facing in ornate hexastyle temple, head left, globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand, pediment empty, knobs for acroteria, PT in exergue; $40.00 (€35.20)
Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.
"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue...The act of pouring the libation to the emperor illustrates what the Christians were required to do in order not to be persecuted." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger RT92315. Billon follis, Hunter V 65 (also parallel ties and 2nd officina) RIC VI Alexandria 100a, SRCV IV 14730, Cohen VII 40, Choice EF, golden toned silvering, bold centered strike, flow lines, weight 6.426 g, maximum diameter 23.7 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, as caesar, late 308 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, laureate head right, with parallel ties; reverse GENIO CA-ESARIS (to the guardian spirit of the prince), Genius standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, pouring liquor from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, K lower left, B over P right, ALE in exergue; $160.00 (€140.80)
Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.
"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger RT92316. Billon follis, RIC IV Alexandria 144b, cf. Cohen VII 3 (IMP C GAL VALER...), Hunter V 122 (K-P vice K-X), SRCV IV -, Choice EF, perfect full-border centering, bold strike with sharp dies, some silvering, flow lines, minor flan flaw obv. right side, weight 7.910 g, maximum diameter 25.1 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Alexandria mint, c. 311 - 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C GALER VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse BONO GENIO PII IMPERATORIS (to the good guardian spirit of the pious Emperor), Genius standing slightly left, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left, crescent horns up upper left, K lower left, Γ over X right, ALE in exergue; $180.00 (€158.40)
Galerius, 1 March 305 - 5 May 311 A.D.
Jupiter or Jove, Zeus to the Greeks, was the king of the gods and god of the sky and thunder, and of laws and social order. As the patron deity of ancient Rome, he was the chief god of the Capitoline Triad, with his sister and wife Juno. The father of Mars, he is, therefore, the grandfather of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. Emperors frequently made vows to Jupiter for protection. The Roman's believed as the king of the gods, Jupiter favored emperors and kings, those in positions of authority similar to his own. RT92328. Billon follis, RIC VI Alexandria 43, SRCV IV 14388, Cohen VII 120, Hunter V -, Choice gVF, excellent centering, traces of silvering, mild porosity, weight 9.913 g, maximum diameter 26.2 mm, die axis 0o, 2nd officina, Alexandria mint, as caesar, c. 304 - 1 Mar 305 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMIANVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse IOVI CONS CAES (to Jove protector of the prince), Jupiter standing left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and draped behind, Victory on globe holding wreath and palm frond in right hand, long scepter vertical in left hand, S - P flanking across field, B upper right, ALE in exergue; $100.00 (€88.00)
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