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The Celator, Journal of Ancient and Medieval Coinage, Complete| - All Issues, Feb/Mar 1987 - May/June 2012

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For 25 years, The Celator was the world's premier journal for ancient coin collectors. It was founded in 1987 by Wayne G. Sayles who published it with the help of family members until 1999 when it was sold to Kerry K. Wetterstrom. Kerry published it for another 13 years. Vol. 1, was published every two months, it was issued monthly thereafter. It was printed in newspaper format from Vol. 1, No. 1 to Vol. 4, No. 8. Thereafter it was a glossy magazine.
BG20514. The Celator, Journal of Ancient and Medieval Coinage, **** COMPLETE| - ALL VOLUMES ****, from Vol. 1, No. 1 (February, 1987) to Vol. 26, No. 5 (May-June, 2012); the first two newsprint volumes a bit browned, nearly all other volumes pristine, most with mailing covers intact; price includes domestic shipping, international shipping at cost; $1200.00 (1056.00)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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Sol Invictus ("Unconquered Sun") was the official sun god of the late Empire and a patron of soldiers. In 274, Aurelian made it an official cult alongside the traditional Roman cults. Scholars disagree whether the new deity was a refoundation of the ancient Latin cult of Sol, a revival of the cult of Elagabalus, or completely new. The god was favored by emperors after Aurelian and appeared on their coins until Constantine. The last inscription referring to Sol Invictus dates to 387 A.D. and there were enough devotees in the 5th century that Augustine found it necessary to preach against them.
BB88563. Billon follis, Hunter V 42 (also 3rd officina), RIC VII Nicomedia 73b, SRCV IV 14892, Cohen VII 161, aF, well centered, rough, weight 3.818 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 0o, 3rd officina, Nicomedia (Izmit, Turkey) mint, early 312 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse SOLI INVICTO (to the invincible sun god), Sol standing left, raising right hand commanding the sun to rise, head of Serapis wearing kalathos in left, Γ in left field, SMN in exergue; $12.00 (10.56)


Galeria Valeria, Augusta, June 293(?) - 311 A.D., Second Wife of Galerius

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Venus (Aphrodite) can be faulted for the Trojan War. Upset that she was not invited to a wedding, she went anyway and maliciously left a golden apple inscribed "For the fairest" on the banquet table. The goddesses, as Aphrodite expected, argued who was the rightful possessor of this prize. It was determined the most handsome mortal in the world, a noble Trojan youth named Paris, would decide. Each of the three finalists offered Paris a bribe. Hera promised he would rule the world. Athena said she would make him victorious in battle. Aphrodite guaranteed the love of the most beautiful woman in the world. This was Helen, who was married to the king of Sparta. Paris awarded the golden apple to Aphrodite. Aphrodite enabled Paris to elope with Helen, Helen of Troy. Helen's husband raised a Greek army to retrieve his wife, starting the Trojan War.
RB91453. Billon follis, RIC VI Heraclea 43, SRCV IV 14593, VF, well centered, dark brown tone, weight 4.755 g, maximum diameter 25.6 mm, die axis 0o, 4th officina, Heraclea (Marmara Ereglisi, Turkey) mint, c. 309 - 310 A.D.; obverse GAL VALERIA AVG, draped bust right, wearing stephane; reverse VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing facing, head left, raising apple in right hand, raising drapery over shoulder with left hand, HTB in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Pegasi Coins ; $130.00 (114.40)


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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Juno was the chief female divinity in the Roman pantheon. She was the wife of Jupiter and a member of the Capitoline Triad. She had many different aspects, such as Juno Regina, Juno Sospita, and Juno Lucina, but here she is depicted as Juno Moneta, holding the scales symbolic of equity and a cornucopia indicating plenty. This surname was given to Juno because she counseled the Romans to undertake only just wars in which case she promised that they would never be in want of money. The first mint in Rome was within the temple of Juno Moneta.
RT91557. Billon follis, RIC VI Treveri 548a (S), Cohen VI 344 var. (...P F AVG), SRCV IV 12809 var. (same, bust), Hunter V -, VF, excellent portrait for the period, full border centering, brown tone, flow lines, light marks, scattered light porosity, minor encrustations, weight 10.280 g, maximum diameter 28.8 mm, die axis 180o, 1st officina, Treveri (Trier, Germany) mint mint, 302 - 303 A.D.; obverse IMP DIOCLETIANVS P AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MONETA S AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - F across field, ITR in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Numismatique Archeologie, M. Platt (Paris); scarce; $90.00 (79.20)


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Army, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENIO POPVLI ROMANI dedicates this coin to the Genius of the Roman People. Genius' image is of a man with a cloak half covering the shoulders leaving the rest of his body naked, holding a cornucopia in one hand, and a simpulum or a patera in the other.
RT91629. Billon follis, Hunter V 16 (also 1st officina), RIC VI Lugdunum 167a, Bastien XI 311, Cohen VII 122, SRCV IV -, Choice VF, centered on a broad flan, brown tone with scattered small green encrustations, flow lines, light marks, parts of legends weak, weight 8.225 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Lugdunum (Lyon, France) mint, as caesar, 301 - 303 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate and cuirassed bust left, holding scepter in right hand over right shoulder; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, flaming altar at feet left, A right, PLC in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $130.00 (114.40)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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On 11 November 308, attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, at the Congress of Carnuntum, the Tetrarchy declared Maxentius a public enemy, Licinius was proclaimed Augustus, and Constantine I was made Caesar of Britain and Gaul.
RT91630. Billon follis, RIC VI Antiochia 94a, SRCV IV 14725, Cohen VII 40, Hunter V 37 var. (8th officina), Choice VF, full legends, nice portrait, minor encrustations, areas of mild porosity, weight 6.683 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, c. late 308 A.D.; obverse GAL VAL MAXIMINVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse GENIO CAESARIS * (to the guardian spirit of the prince), Genius standing slightly left, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, kalathos on head, pouring libations from patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, crescent over B left, ANT in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Numismatique Archeologie, M. Platt (Paris); $45.00 (39.60)


Maximinus II Daia, Late 309 - 30 April 313 A.D.

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"This reverse is modeled after the famous statue of the Spirit of the Roman People in the Roman Forum. It is unclear when this statue was last seen as it is now lost. Although the coins celebrate a wide range of spirits (e.g., Rome, Augustus, the Army, etc.), the basic design comes from the same statue." -- Roman Bronze Coins From Paganism to Christianity 294-364 A.D. by Victor Failmezger
RT91631. Billon follis, RIC VI Alexandria 160b, SRCV IV 14843, Cohen VII 17, Hunter V 125 ff. var (5th officina not listed), aVF, well centered, burgundy and black patina, rev. center week, bumps and marks, areas of light corrosion, weight 4.384 g, maximum diameter 21.8 mm, die axis 0o, 5th officina, Alexandria mint, 312 - 313 A.D.; obverse IMP C GAL VAL MAXIMINVS P F AVG, laureate head right; reverse GENIO AVGVSTI (to the guardian spirit of the Emperor), Genio standing facing, head left, kalathos on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, head of Serapis in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, star upper left, N over palm in left field, E in right field, ALE in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $45.00 (39.60)


Constantius I, May 305 - 25 July 306 A.D.

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In 303, Diocletian, Maximian, Galerius, and Constantius issued a series of edicts rescinding the legal rights of Christians and demanding that they comply with traditional religious practices. About 3,000 Christians died in the persecutions, many more were imprisoned and tortured, but most Christians avoided punishment.
RT91849. Billon follis, Hunter V 35 (also 3rd officina), RIC VI Rome 112a, SRCV IV 14085, Cohen VII 263, VF, well centered on a broad flan, brown tone with highlighting light earthen deposits, Moneta's head not fully struck, edge crack, weight 9.287 g, maximum diameter 30.3 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 303 - 305 A.D.; obverse CONSTANTIVS NOB CAES, laureate head right; reverse SAC MON VRB AVGG ET CAESS NN, Moneta standing slightly left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, R crescent T in exergue; $45.00 (39.60)


Roman Empire, Ostia (Port of Rome), Italy, Transportation / Shipping Token, Late 1st - 2nd Century A.D.

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In "Shipping Tesserae from Ostia and Minturnae?" in NC 175 (2015), Clive Stannard discusses small square single-sided bronze tesserae, like this one, which are usually found at Ostia, the port of Rome, and at Minturnae, the other major Roman port. He identifies 12 types of these tesserae with additional varieties. He suggests the horse types, like this one, may relate to the towing of boats [by horses] on a tow path.
AS91936. Bronze tessera, Stannard Shipping, type 2A, obv. die 9; 0.802g, 11.3 x 11.6mm, VF, rough green patina, light earthen deposits, edge chip, obverse horse pacing right, AT above, N below, I below raised left foreleg; reverse blank; from a New England collector, ex Phil DeVicchi collection; $90.00 (79.20)


Diocletian, 20 November 284 - 1 May 305 A.D.

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In 303, Diocletian launched the last major persecution of Christians in the Empire. They were forbidden to worship in groups, and thousands of Christians were killed during the next 10 years.
RT92336. Billon follis, RIC VI Londinium 28a, Cohen VI 87, cf. SRCV IV 12760 (301 - 303 A.D. issue with longer necked bust), Hunter V -, Choice gVF, full border centering, nice portrait, brown tone with speckled green deposits, Genius struck a little weak, weight 10.696 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 180o, Londinium (London, England) mint, c. 303 - 305 A.D.; obverse IMP DIOCLETIANVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIO POPVLI ROMANI (to the guardian spirit of the Roman People), Genius standing left, kalathos on head, nude but for chlamys over shoulders and left arm, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $90.00 (79.20)




  







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