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Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy X Alexander, as King of Cyprus, 113 - 105 B.C.
NEW Mørkholm in "The last Ptolemaic silver coinage in Cyprus" in Chiron 13 (1983), dated the last coinage of Ptolemy X from Paphos to his year 9 (106 - 105 B.C.). Svoronos 1757 was not addressed, presumably because the only specimen then known was not illustrated and was found in Alexandria. Matt Kreuzer attributes this coin as Svoronos 1757, struck for Ptolemy X as King of Cyprus at Paphos. If he is correct, this confirms that Paphos, like Salamis (see Svoronos 1784) and Kition (Mørkholm Cyprus pl. 2.11,12), was under the control of Ptolemy X at least early in his Year 10 (105 - 104 B.C.). Kreuzer notes specifically that this is not Svoronos 1671, Year 10 of Ptolemy IX (108 - 107 B.C.) at Alexandria, which has a different style including a perky nose.GP96458. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1757 (only 1 specimen known to Svoronos, and not in the plates), VF, areas of coppery corrosion and pitting, weight 12.840 g, maximum diameter 24.8 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, c. late summer - autumn 105 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy X right, wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, LI (regnal year 10) left, ΠA right; extremely rare; $325.00 SALE |PRICE| $292.00
Judaea, Pontius Pilate, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 26 - 36 A.D.
NEW Pontius Pilate is chiefly known for the part he played in the trial and crucifixion of Jesus.JD96399. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1341, Meshorer TJC 331, RPC I 4967, SGICV 5622, F, bare metal, encrustations, porosity, uneven strike, reverse edge beveled, remnants of pre-strike casting sprues, weight 2.485 g, maximum diameter 16.39 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 29 A.D.; obverse IOYLIA KAICAPOC, three bound heads of barley, the outer two heads drooping; reverse TIBEPIOY KAICAPOC (of Tiberius Caesar) and date LIς (year 16) surrounding simpulum (libation ladle); from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, surface find at Caesarea Maritima, Israel; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.
NEW Virtus is the personification of valor and courage. Valor was, of course, essential for the success of a Roman emperor and Virtus was one of the embodiments of virtues that were part of the Imperial cult. During his joint reign with his father, Gallienus proved his courage in battle; but his failure to liberate his father from Persian captivity was perceived as cowardice and a disgrace to the Emperor and Empire. It was not, however, actually fear that prevented a rescue. While others mourned Valerian's fate, Gallienus rejoiced in his new sovereignty.RA96400. Billon antoninianus, Göbl MIR 1617i, RIC V-1 S668, SRCV III 10402, RSC IV 1237b corr. (bust not cuirassed), VF, well centered, dark toning, some legend weak, holed, closed crack from hole to edge, weight 4.121 g, maximum diameter 22.66 mm, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 266 - 267 A.D.; obverse GALLIENVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse VIRTVS AVG (the valor of the Emperor), Virtus standing left, helmeted and wearing military garb, resting right hand on shield set on ground, spear with point up in left, star in exergue; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, purchased in Israel, 1971; $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
Licinius Junior, Caesar, 1 March 317 - 18 September 324 A.D.
NEW On 7 March 321, Constantine issued an edict proclaiming Dies Solis Invicti (Sunday) as the day of rest; trade was forbidden but agriculture was allowed.RL96401. Billon follis, Hunter V 52 (also 7th officina), RIC VII Antioch 36 (R3), SRCV IV 15410, Cohen VII 21, gF, brown tone, porous, light corrosion, weight 3.940 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 0o, 7th officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 321 - 323 A.D.; obverse D N VAL LICIN LICINIVS NOB C, helmeted, cuirassed bust left, shield in left hand and spear in right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing facing, head left, nude but for chlamys over shoulder, Victory on globe offering wreath in his right hand, eagle-topped scepter vertical in left, eagle with wreath in beak on left, X/IIΓ (12 1/2) on right above bearded captive at feet seated right with head turned looking back at Jupiter, SMANTZ in exergue; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, purchased in Israel, 1970's; $85.00 (€78.20)
Judaea, Valerius Gratus, Roman Prefect under Tiberius, 15 - 26 A.D., Unofficial(?)
NEW The blundered obverse inscription indicates this specimen may be unofficial. Crude examples and even retrograde inscriptions are known for the type, and apparently official specimens. We were unable to find an example similarly as crude as this coin.
Julia on the obverse, refers to Livia, wife of Augustus and mother of Tiberius. Livia took the name Julia Augusta after Augustus died.JD96444. Bronze prutah, cf. Hendin 1333, Meshorer TJC 317, RPC I 4959, Sofaer Collection 12 (all Jerusalem mint official specimens), VF, well centered, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 2.798 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, unofficial(?) mint, 15 A.D.; obverse IOY/ΛIA (Greek: Julia, blundered) in two lines within wreath; reverse palm frond, flanked by L - B (year 2 of Tiberius); $50.00 SALE |PRICE| $45.00
Persian Empire, Samaria, c. 375 - 333 B.C.
NEW The obverse was copied from a very rare Cilician obol (SNG Levante 201). The very interesting reverse appears to depict five coins with owl reverses, presumably Athenian tetradrachms. In "Coinage for Redeeming the Firstborn: An Ancient and Modern Jewish Ritual" in The Celator|, December 2002, pp. 14 - 22, Ronn Berrol discusses a possible connection to the pidyon haben (click the article title to read it online). The pidyon haben is a mitzvah through which a Jewish firstborn son is "redeemed" from predestination to serve as a priest by giving five silver coins to a Kohen.GA96462. Silver obol, Meshorer-Qedar 141, Sofaer Collection 185, HGC 6 418, VF, typical crude uneven weak strike, weight 0.604 g, maximum diameter 9.3 mm, middle Levantine' series, c. 375 - 333 B.C.; obverse triform bearded male head, wearing round cap; reverse five discs each with owl standing right and head facing (Athenian coins?), piled up with one in center on top of four around in a cruciform arrangement; ex Leu Numismatik auction 12 (30 May 2020), lot 657; ex Canaan Collection; very rare; $650.00 SALE |PRICE| $585.00
Lydian Kingdom, Alyattes(?), c. 620 - 553 B.C.
NEW Roma Numismatics listed this as an unpublished type. Perhaps it is not the same type as the referenced Weidauer specimen, however, with the die wear, it is difficult to be certain.GA96463. Electrum hemihekte, cf. Weidauer, group XVII, 113; Kurth GRPC Lydia -, SNG Kayhan -; Rosen -, aVF, obverse die wear, scratches, edge cracks, weight 1.145 g, maximum diameter 8.0 mm, Sardes(?) mint, c. 620 - 553 B.C.; obverse head of roaring lion left; reverse incuse punch; Roma Numismatics e-sale 68 (27 Feb 2020), lot 399; very rare; $400.00 SALE |PRICE| $360.00
Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D., Akko-Ptolemais, Phoenicia
NEW Akko was refounded as a Roman colony, colonia Ptolemais, probably in 53 or 54 A.D., the last year of Claudius' reign or the first year of Nero’s. Akko was one of hundreds of cities in the Roman provinces that minted civic coins. In the mid 3rd century cities stopped producing their own coins. The last city coins were struck under Gallienus, and Akko was among the very last cities to strike its own coins.JD96394. Bronze AE 27, BMC Phoenicia p. 138, 50 var. (obv. leg.); Rosenberger 86 var. (same); Kadman Akko 256 var. (same, draped); Sofaer 293 ff. (draped, etc.); SNG Cop -, aF, rough green patina, light earthen deposits, a little off center, weight 13.158 g, maximum diameter 26.5 mm, die axis 0o, Ake Ptolemais (Acre, Israel) mint, 253 - 268 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES LIC GALLIEN[VS AVG], laureate head right; reverse COL P-TOL, portable shrine containing a statue of Zeus Heliopolites, shrine consisting of a frame within two pillars supporting a architrave with hatched decoration, two carrying poles projecting from bottom, figure of deity within standing facing on rock or base, wearing short chiton, double axe in right hand, harpe(?) in left hand; an unpublished variant of a very rare type; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, 1977 surface find at Caesarea Maritima, Israel; $550.00 SALE |PRICE| $495.00
Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Caesarea Maritima, Judaea Under Agrippa II
NEW This Judaea Capta type was minted at Caesarea Maritima, Judaea. Caesarea, built by Herod the Great about 25 - 13 B.C., was named to flatter Augustus Caesar. It became the capital of Iudaea Province and the residence of the Roman procurators and governors including Pontius Pilatus, praefectus and Antonius Felix. In 66 A.D., the desecration of the local synagogue led to the disastrous Jewish revolt. After the revolt was suppressed, 2500 Jewish captives were slaughtered at Caesarea in Gladiatorial games held by Titus to celebrate his victory. Today, Caesarea's ruins lie on Israel's Mediterranean coast about halfway between Tel Aviv and Haifa, on the site of Pyrgos Stratonos ("Straton's Tower").RP96395. Bronze AE 14, RPC Online II 2303 (5 spec.); Hendin 1453; Carradice INJ pl. 3, 22; Kadman -; BMC Palestine -; SNG Cop -, aF, rough dark green patina, light encrustations, weight 1.739 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, die axis 180o, Caesarea Maritima mint, struck under Agrippa II, c. 81 - 82 A.D.; obverse DOMITIANVS CAESAR DIVI F AV, laureate head right; reverse rudder, no inscription; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection; rare; $170.00 SALE |PRICE| $153.00
Valerian I, October 253 - c. June 260 A.D., Tyre, Phoenicia
NEW Romans refounded Tyre as a colony in 64 B.C., when Pompey annexed Phoenicia to the Roman Empire. Tyre flourished under the Rome and remained a Roman port city, even under the Byzantine Empire, until the 7th century when it was taken by Muslim conquest.RP96396. Bronze dichalkon, BMC Phoenicia p. 289, 465 var. (murex shell on right); Rouvier -; Baramki AUB -; SNG Hunt -; SNG Cop -, F, rough dark green patina, earthen deposits, weight 16.345 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 0o, Tyre mint, Oct 253 - Jun 260 A.D.; obverse IMP C P LIC VALERIANVS AVG, laureate bust right; reverse COL TVRO METR, river-god (Adonis?) standing facing, head left, nude to waist, himation around hips and legs, right hand dropping incense on flaming altar at her feet on left, long grounded reed vertical in left hand, murex shell on left; from the J. Berlin Caesarea Collection, 1971 Caesarea Maritima surface find; Coin Archives records only one specimen of the type at auction in the last two decades; extremely rare; $450.00 SALE |PRICE| $400.00
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