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Elagabalus, 16 May 218 - 11 March 222 A.D.

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Elagabalus came to power through the scheming of his grandmother Julia Maesa. He shocked the public with bizarre behavior including cross-dressing and marrying a Vestal Virgin. Elagabalus and his mother were murdered, dragged through the streets of Rome and dumped into the Tiber.
RS91593. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 90, RSC III 66a, Hunter III 30, BMCRE V 138, SRCV II 7489, Choice VF, well centered, nice portrait, toned, light bumps and marks, weight 5.158 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 135o, Rome mint, 219 - 220 A.D.; obverse IMP ANTONINVS AVG, radiate draped bust right; reverse IOVI CONSERVATORI (to Jupiter the protector), Jupiter standing slightly left, head left, paludamentum over shoulders and back, fulmen cradled in right hand and arm, scepter vertical in left hand, two standards behind, eagle at feet; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Magnentius, 18 January 350 - 10 August 353 A.D.

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On 28 September 351, at the Battle of Mursa Major, Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius. The battle was one of the bloodiest in Roman military history. During the fighting Marcellinus, a general of Magnentius was killed, but Magnentius himself survived.
RL92339. Billon heavy maiorina, RIC VIII Amiens 23 (S), Bastien MM 125 (8 spec.), LRBC II 13, SRCV V 18817, Cohen VIII 69, VF, well centered, brown tone, porous, areas of light corrosion, edge split, weight 4.596 g, maximum diameter 23.4 mm, die axis 0o, Ambianum (Amiens, France) mint, spring 351 - 18 Aug 353 A.D.; obverse D N MAGNENTIVS P F AVG, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, A behind; reverse VICTORIAE DD NN AVG ET CAE (victories of our lords, Emperor and Caesar), two Victories standing confronted, together holding wreath containing VOT V MVLT X in four lines, staurogram (rho-cross) above, AMB and crescent in exergue; scarce; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Julia Domna, Augusta 194 - 8 April 217 A.D.

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Julia Domna was born in Emesa (now Homs), Syria in 170 A.D. She was the youngest daughter of high-priest Julius Bassianus, a descendant of the Royal House of Emesa. Emesa was famous for its Temple of the Sun, the center of worship for the ancient pagan cult El-Gebal (or Elagabal). El-Gebal, worshiped in the form of a conical black stone, was the Aramaic name for the Syrian Sun God and means God of the Mountain. Emesa was also the birthplace of three other Roman empresses, Julia Maesa, Julia Mamaea and Julia Soaemias, and one emperor, Julia Domna's nephew, Elagabalus.
RS92345. Silver denarius, RIC IV S627 (S); RSC III 103; BMCRE V p. 104, 418; SRCV II 6591, F, off center, minor encrustations, edge cracks, weight 3.225 g, maximum diameter 19.0 mm, die axis 180o, Emesa (Homs, Syria) mint, 194 - 195 A.D.; obverse IVLIA DOMNA AVG, draped bust right; reverse LIBERAL AVG, Liberalitas standing slightly left, polos or kalathos on head, counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; only one sale in the last two decades recorded on Coin Archives (an ex Forum coin!); rare; $300.00 SALE |PRICE| $270.00


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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In 77 or 78 A.D., Gnaeus Julius Agricola was made governor of Roman Britain, a post he occupied until 84. In his first year, Agricola subdued the Ordovices in Wales and pursued the remnants of the tribe to Anglesey, the holy island of the Druids. According to Tacitus, he exterminated the whole tribe. The Ordovices do completely disappear from the historical record, but considering the mountainous terrain, it is unlikely killed the entire population. Another tribe, the Silures, was either also militarily defeated or simply agreed to terms. Tacitus wrote of the Silures: non atrocitate, non clementia mutabatur - the tribe "was changed neither by cruelty nor by clemency." A Roman squadron, sent by Agricola, explored the north of Scotland for the first time, discovering the Orkney and Shetland Islands.Pre-Roman Wales

RS92405. Silver denarius, RIC II-1 Vespasian 921 (C2); RSC II 47; BMCRE II Vespasian 193; BnF III Vespasian 169; SRCV I 2637, F, toned, light marks, obverse slightly off center, minor flan flaws on the reverse, weight 3.067 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, early 76 - early 77 A.D.; obverse CAESAR AVG F DOMITIANVS, laureate head right; reverse COS IIII, Pegasus standing right, archaic curved wing (only near wing showing), raising left foreleg; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D.

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The suffimenta was a donative of sulphur, bitumen, frankincense and/or other flammable perfumes and combustible substances distributed by the emperor, the consuls and/or decemvirs for the composition of torches and lustration. The distribution was held a few days before the secular games to equip the people to perform their part in the ceremonies. Smoke from torches was likely used for purification prior to making sacrifices before the temples of Apollo Pallatinus and Jupiter Capitolinus.
RB92408. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC II-1 609, BMCRE II 428, BnF III 462, Hunter I 157, Cohen I 81, SRCV I 2764, F, well centered, excellent portrait, scratches, corrosion, minor pitting, weight 24.247 g, maximum diameter 35.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 14 Sep - 31 Dec 88 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII CENS PER P P, laureate bust right; reverse COS XIII LVD SAEC (consul 13 times, Ludos saeculares - Secular games), emperor seated left on platform, SVF P D (suffimenta populo daia - incense given to the people) on side of the platform, baskets at feet, togate citizen standing left, emperor handing incense to the citizen with his right hand, child at feet between them raising hands, tetrastyle temple in background, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $800.00 SALE |PRICE| $720.00


Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.

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Mercury is the messenger of the gods. Hermes to the Greeks, an Olympian god, he is also the patron of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of thieves and road travelers, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and measures, of invention, of general commerce, and of the cunning of thieves and liars. His symbols include the tortoise, the rooster, the winged sandals, and the caduceus.
RA92342. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 416; Cohen VI 57; SRCV III 12250; Pink VI-1 p. 34, emission 3b; Hunter IV 22, Choice EF, well centered, brown tone, areas of light corrosion, weight 4.136 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 283 A.D.; obverse IMP NVMERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), Mercury standing half left, head left, nude but for petasus and cloak over shoulders and left arm, message bag in right hand, caduceus in left hand, KA∆ in exergue; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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Juno was the patron deity of Trebonianus Gallus. The epithet Martialis literally means "of or belonging to Mars" or "warlike," but the depictions of Juno Martialis on the coins are not warlike. The epithet may refer to Juno as the mother of Mars. Or perhaps she is Juno of March - her festival was on 7 March. Perhaps the title refers to her temple in the Campus Martius, the old "Field of Mars" down by the Tiber. She is sometimes equated with Juno Perusina, as Perugia was where Trebonianus Gallus came from, and as such is sometimes called Juno Martialis Perusina by modern scholars.
RS92349. Billon antoninianus, RIC IV 83 (S), Hunter 58 var. (1st officina), RSC IV 47 var. (4th officina), SRCV III -, Choice gVF, well centered, toned, flow lines, small edge crack, weight 4.891 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind, no officina mark; reverse IVNO MARTIALIS (Juno Mother of Mars?), Juno seated left, stalks of grain downward in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, no officina mark; scarce; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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RIC and RSC list this type with the reverse legend ending AVGG and note that Cohen describes it as ending AVG in error. Cohen does list this reverse from Antioch, but with a bust left. While the AVG ending is rare, we do know of other examples.
RS92350. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8917, Tulln Hoard 894, vri 7A, Bland 16 (29 spec.), Cohen V 9, RIC IV 82 var. (bust l.); RSC IV 8 var. (same), Hunter III -, EF, excellent portrait, some mint luster, well centered, uneven strike resulting in parts of legends weak, flow lines, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.569 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, mid - end 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing half left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS92352. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 219 (R), RSC IV 60, SRCV III 9755, Hunter III - (p. cix), gVF, broad flan, toned, porous, light deposits, weight 4.142 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 195o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB VOLVSIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARTEM PROPVGNATOREM (Mars the defender), Mars striding right, wearing crested helmet and military garb, transverse spear in right hand, oval shield on left arm; rare; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00


Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

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The palladium, a small figure of Minerva (Pallas Athena) holding a spear and shield, had a mythological origin from Troy. Troy was believed to be safe from foreign enemies as long as the Palladium remained within the city walls. But Odysseus and Diomedes stole the image and soon after the Greeks took the city. The Palladium was later taken by Aeneas to Rome where for centuries it was kept in the temple of Vesta in the Forum. In Late Antiquity, it was rumored that Constantine had taken the Palladium to Constantinople and buried it under the Column of Constantine.
RS92489. Silver denarius, RIC IV 13a (S); RSC III 90; BMCRE p. 197, 223; Hunter III 7; SRCV II 7184, VF, well centered, toned, flow lines, bumps and scratches, die wear, edge cracks, weight 3.260 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 199 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, boy's bare-headed and draped bust right; reverse NOBILITAS, Nobilitas standing slightly right, head right, long scepter vertical in right hand, palladium in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00




  







Catalog current as of Sunday, January 26, 2020.
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