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Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.

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On 18 Sep 96, the same day Domitian was murdered, Nerva was declared emperor by the Senate. He recalled citizens exiled by Domitian. Under Nerva, the Roman Senate regained much of the power usurped by Domitian. This is the beginning of the Era of the Five Good Emperors.
RB91570. Copper as, RIC II 86, BMCRE II 131, BnF III 112, Hunter I 56, Cohen 115, SRCV II -, F/aF, parts of legends weak/off flan, corrosion, weight 10.638 g, maximum diameter 27.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jan - Sep 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse LIBERTAS PVBLICA, Libertas standing left, pileus in right hand, rod in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field at center; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $100.00 (88.00)

Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.

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Nerva adopted his general on the German frontier, Marcus Ulpius Trajanus, age 44, as Caesar (his successor). This appointment was critical to maintaining his concord with the army, advertised on this coin.
RS91571. Silver denarius, RIC II 14, RSC II 20, BMCRE III 25, Hunter I 12, BnF III 15, SRCV II 3020, F, well centered, old collection toning, marks, die wear, weight 3.305 g, maximum diameter 17.6 mm, die axis 210o, Rome mint, 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse CONCORDIA EXERCITVVM (harmony with the army), clasped hands; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $110.00 (96.80)

Pertinax, 31 December 192 - 28 March 193 A.D.

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Pertinax was the son of a humble charcoal-burner. After a successful career in the military, as a senator and then as praefect of the city of Rome, he reluctantly accepted the throne offered by the murderers of Commodus. After a reign of only 86 day he was murdered by mutinous guards.

Ops, more properly Opis, (Latin: "Plenty") was a fertility deity and earth-goddess in Roman mythology of Sabine origin.
RB92858. Orichalcum dupondius, RIC IV 27 (R2), BMCRE V p. 10, 48, Cohen IV 36, SRCV II -, Hunter III -, Fair, very rough, weight 10.180 g, maximum diameter 24.5 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 193 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES P HELV PERTIN AVG, radiate head right; reverse OPI DIVIN TR P COS II, Ops seated left, two stalks of grain in right hand, leaning back on left hand resting on the edge of the seat behind; the rough surfaces are the result of a cleaning disaster (Forum did not do it!); very rare; $180.00 (158.40)

Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.

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Nerva maintained that he had liberated Rome from the tyranny of Domitian and restored a constitutionally-based regime. The pileus liberatis was a soft felt cap worn by liberated slaves of Troy and Asia Minor. In late Republican Rome, the pileus was symbolically given to slaves upon manumission, granting them not only their personal liberty, but also freedom as citizens with the right to vote (if male). Following the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 B.C., Brutus and his co-conspirators used the pileus to signify the end of Caesar's dictatorship and a return to a Republican system of government. The pileus was adopted as a popular symbol of freedom during the French Revolution and was also depicted on some early U.S. and many Mexican coins.
RB92860. Copper as, RIC II 86, BMCRE II 131, BnF I 117, Cohen II 115, Hunter I 56; Cohen II 115; SRCV II -, F, nice green patina, nice portrait, light deposits, light marks, some porosity, uneven strike with parts of legends and part of Liberty weak, weight 9.893 g, maximum diameter 29.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P, laureate head right; reverse LIBERTAS PVBLICA (freedom of the people), Libertas standing half left, head left, pileus (freedom cap) in right hand, rod in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking below center; $120.00 (105.60)

Aspendos, Pamphylia, c. 465 - 430 B.C.

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In 467 B.C. the Athenian statesman and military commander Cimon, and his fleet of 200 ships, destroyed the Persian navy based at the mouth of the river Eurymedon in a surprise attack. In order to crush to Persian land forces, he tricked the Persians by sending his best fighters ashore wearing the garments of the hostages he had seized earlier. When they saw these men, the Persians thought that they were compatriots freed by the enemy and arranged festivities in celebration. Taking advantage of this, Cimon landed and annihilated the Persians. Aspendos then became a member of the Attic-Delos Maritime league.
GS94445. Silver stater, Apparently unpublished variant; cf. SNG BnF 1; SNGvA 4477; SNG Cop 153; SNG Delepierre 2811; BMC Lycia p. 93, 1, VF, obverse off center with some weakness flatly struck high-points, bumps and marks, reverse test cut, weight 10.912 g, maximum diameter 19.7 mm, Aspendos mint, c. 465 - 430 B.C.; obverse nude warrior advancing right, wearing crested helmet, shield on left arm, spear in right hand; reverse triskeles of human legs counterclockwise, within an incuse square, no ethnic, no control symbol; CNG recently sold an example from the same dies, e-auction 429 (26 Sep 2018), lot 167, for $2500 plus fees. They described their specimen as "Unpublished in the standard references. VF. Exceptionally powerful and artistic warrior for series. Extremely rare."; $350.00 (308.00)

Antioch, Seleucis and Pieria, Syria, 5 - 4 B.C., Legate P. Quinctilius Varus

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Publius Quinctilius Varus was a Roman general and politician under Augustus. From 7 or 6 B.C. until 4 B.C. he governed Syria where he was known for harsh rule and high taxes. Josephus mentions the swift action of Varus in 4 B.C., against a revolt in Judaea following the death of Herod the Great. Varus occupied Jerusalem and crucified 2000 rebels. Varus is most infamous for losing three Roman legions in an ambush by Germanic tribes led by Arminius in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest, at which point he took his own life. Upon hearing the news, Augustus tore his clothes, refused to cut his hair for months and, for years afterward, was heard, upon occasion, to moan, "Quinctilius Varus, give me back my Legions!" (Quintili Vare, legiones redde!).
RY94450. Bronze trichalkon, McAlee 87; Butcher 50c; RPC I 4252; SNG Cop 92; SNG Mnchen 640; BMC Galatia p. 159, 59; Cohen DCA 402 (S), VF/F, dark green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, porous, scratches, slightly off center, weight 8.671 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, legate P. Quinctilius Varus, 5 - 4 B.C.; obverse laureate head of Zeus right; reverse ANTIOXEΩ EΠI OVAPOV, Tyche of Antioch seated right on rocks, turreted, wearing chiton and peplos, palm frond in her right hand, half-length figure of river-god Orontes swimming right below, his head turned facing, ZK (Actian Era year 27) in the right field; scarce; $250.00 (220.00)

Germanic Tribes, Pseudo-Imperial Coinage, Mid 4th - Early 5th Century A.D.

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This type was minted by and used as currency by tribes outside the Roman Empire. It copied a type struck under Vetranio in the name of Constantius II.
RL94454. Bronze AE 21, cf. RIC VIII Siscia 284 (S), LRBC II 1171, SRCV V 18903 (official, billon maiorina, issued by Vetranio for Constantius II, 1 Mar - 25 Dec 350), F, a little rough and porous, very irregular flan shape, weight 3.625 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 45o, Germanic tribal mint, 350 - early 5th century A.D.; obverse pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, Z(?) behind, blundered legend imitating D N CONSTANTIVS P F AVG; reverse emperor holding two standards ornamented with blundered Christograms, blundered legend imitating CONCORDIA MILITVM; $65.00 (57.20)

Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, Second Reign, 145 - 116 B.C.

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This is an odd, somewhat crude, example of this type. Among all the Ptolemaic bronze coin types, this type, Svoronos 1491, has the most frequent and strangest variations. Perhaps additional mints were in operation using less skilled engravers. Perhaps the odd coins are ancient counterfeits; however, even the strangest variations seem to have circulated normally, suggesting they were official.
GP94456. Bronze AE 35, Svoronos 1491 (7 specimens), SNG Cop 332, Noeske 250, BMC Ptolemies -, Weiser -, Hosking -, F, surface flaws, central depressions, flan flaws, closed flan crack, beveled edge, weight 34.015 g, maximum diameter 34.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria(?) mint, 145 - 116 B.C.; obverse head of Isis right, hair in long curls, wreathed in grain; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (very crude epigraphy, E reversed), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings open, head left; $100.00 (88.00)

Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos, 80 - 58 B.C. and 55 - 51 B.C.

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In 80 B.C., Ptolemy XI was removed from the throne by the Egyptian people after he killed his coregent and step-mother Berenice III. Since he had no male heir, the oldest (illegitimate) son of Ptolemy IX was made King Ptolemy XII. Ptolemy XI had left the throne to Rome in his will, but Rome did not challenge Ptolemy XII's succession because the Senate did not want an Egyptian expansion.
GP94457. Silver tetradrachm, Svoronos 1866 (Cleopatra VII); SNG Cop 390; Noeske 347 - 347; BMC Ptolemies p. 118, 15 (Ptolemy XI); Hosking -; SNG Milan -, F, toned, broad flan for this issue, porosity, buffed, weight 12.683 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 63 - 62 B.C.; obverse diademed head of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ, eagle standing left on thunderbolt, wings closed, head left, LIΘ (year 19) left, ΠA right; $90.00 (79.20)

Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, 51 - 30 B.C., Paphos, Cyprus

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Kreuzer, in his book The Coinage System of Cleopatra VII and Augustus in Cyprus, assembles evidence dating this type to Cleopatra VII instead of the reign of Ptolemy IV used in older references.
GP89288. Bronze dichalkon, Kreuzer p. 44, first illustration; Svoronos 1160 (Ptolemy IV); SNG Cop 649; Weiser -, F, highlighting earthen deposits, bumps, marks, spots of corrosion, weight 1.457 g, maximum diameter 12.0 mm, die axis 0o, Paphos mint, 51 - 30 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of Cleopatra VII as Isis right, hair in melon-coiffure; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY - BAΣIΛEΩΣ, double cornucopia flanked by ribbons; $110.00 (96.80)


Catalog current as of Wednesday, January 22, 2020.
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