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Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), Bi-Lanceolate Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 300 - 500 A.D.

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Adler notes these lamps are found throughout the northern part of Israel, especially in Beit Shean and Hamat Gader, and date to the fourth and fifth centuries. Hamat Gader was already a well known health and recreation site in Roman times, mentioned in Strabo, Origen and Eunapius, as well as the Rabbinic literature. Construction of the bath complex began in the 2nd century by the 10th Roman Legion, which was garrisoned in nearby Gadara (modern Umm Qais). The ancient Hebrew name means hot springs of (the ancient city of) Gadara. The Arabic name El-Hamma preserves this, and the name of the tel located near the site, Tel Bani, is a corruption of the Latin word meaning "baths." The empress Aelia Eudocia composed a poem praising the qualities of the multiple springs which was inscribed so that visitors could see it as they went into the pool. The photo to the right is of the ancient Roman baths. Click the photo to see a larger image.Hammat Gader Baths

AL93918. Bi-lanceolate pottery oil lamp; Adler Collection (website) type N2; 8.0 cm (3 1/8") long, near Choice, complete and intact, light encrustation, wear, c. 300 - 500 A.D.; pink-buff clay, mold made with incised decoration, the body includes the entire lamp from tip of nozzle to tip of "tongue" handle, wide rim surrounds a large fill hole, incised herring-bone geometric wreath pattern on narrow convex shoulders, two incised lengthwise lines on the handle, incised lines between fill hold rim and nozzle; bi-lanceolate oil lamp similar condition to the lamp in the photo; $40.00 (€35.20)

Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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The inscription is obscure but Hendin 1149 is by far the most common prutah with an inscription in wreath obverse and double cornucopia reverse. The specific attribution as this type is less than certain but highly probable. Intent study might confirm or correct it.
JD91965. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1149, Meshorer TJC T, Meshorer AJC I; overstruck on earlier prutah, aF, some undertype effects, porosity, earthen deposits, weight 3.215 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns; $20.00 (€17.60)

Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan) 103 - 76 B.C

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This type has been reattributed from Hyrcanus II to Alexander Jannaeus by Hendin and Shachar in "The Identity of YNTN on Hasmonean Overstruck Coins and the Chronology of the Alexander Jannaeus Types," Israel Numismatic Research 3, 2008: 87-94. It appears this type was overstruck on earlier coins of Alexander Jannaeus that had never been released from the mint.
JD91966. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1149, Meshorer TJC T, Meshorer AJC I; overstruck on earlier prutah, F, highlighting patina, off center, light corrosion, edge crack, weight 1.517 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns; $40.00 (€35.20)

Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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Jannaeus' anchor coins were probably struck after the conquest of the coastal cities (with the exception of Ashkelon) in 95 B.C. The anchor probably publicized the annexation of these areas. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Yaakov Meshorer
JD91967. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1153, Meshorer TJC L7, SNG ANS 88, Fine/Fair, highlighting red earthen deposits, edge cracks, light corrosion, weight 0.829 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, Jerusalem mint, 95 - 76 B.C.; obverse star of eight rays and central pellet within circle of dots, Aramaic inscription, mostly illegible around star; reverse anchor within circle, stylized Greek inscription around circle; ex George Allen, Hesperia Art, Philadelphia, 1960; $40.00 (€35.20)

Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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In 370, Valentinian I and Valens banned the importation of wine and olive oil from areas controlled by the barbarians and banned marriages between Romans and barbarians under penalty of death.
RL92653. Bronze centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 19484 ff., aVF, highlighting earthen patina, tight flan cutting off parts of legends and mintmark, weight 2.397 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, unknown mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; $15.00 (€13.20)

Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Ascalon, Syria Palaestina

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Phanebal was a deity specific to Ascalon. Mr. Tameanko, in his book, Monumental Coins, theorizes that the Temple of Phanebal was designed to imitate the sacred First Temple in Jerusalem, built by Solomon. Meshorer notes, "The Egyptianizing cornice, the columns widening in the middle and the uraei on the upper beams chow the influence of the Egyptian architecture. Perhaps this unusual shrine is the 'serifa in Ashqelon' mentioned in the Talmud (Aboda Zara 11b) as one of the five permanent idolatrous temples in the Land of Israel."
JD92801. Bronze AE 28, RPC Online IV 6373 (5 spec.); Meshorer City Coins p. 27, 50; SNG ANS 722; Sofaer pl. 143, 143; BMC Palestine p. 129, 191; Rosenberger I p. 57, 169, Fair, weight 17.232 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ascalon mint, Year 254 = 150 - 151 AD; obverse ANTWNINOC CEBACTOC, laureate head right; reverse ACK-AΛW, complex facade of the Temple of Phanebal depicting four doorways, one inside the other, ∆NC (year 254) in exergue; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; extremely rare; $100.00 (€88.00)

Zeno, 18 January - 17 November 474 and August 476 - 11 April 491 A.D.

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In 474, Zeno's oppressive rule resulted in a revolt which forced him to flee to Isauria. Verina, the widow of Leo I, claimed the Empire and installed her brother, Basiliscus, on the throne. The following year, Basiliscus was deposed and Zeno reclaimed the Empire. He didn't change and new rebellions were frequent. In 491 A.D., after a turbulent reign of seventeen years, he died. He was succeeded by Anastasius, who married his widow Ariadne.
SH93491. Gold solidus, Hunter V 8 (also 3rd officina), RIC X 910, DOCLR 631, Depeyrot 108/1, SRCV V 21514, Tolstoi 14, Ratto 279, VF, well centered on a broad flan, flow lines, bumps and marks, die wear, weight 4.435 g, maximum diameter 20.5 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 2nd reign, Aug 476 - 9 Apr 491 A.D.; obverse D N ZENO PERP AVG, helmeted bust facing, pearl diademed, cuirassed, spear in right over shoulder, shield on left arm decorated with horseman riding down enemy; reverse VICTORIA AVGGG Γ (victory of the three emperors, 3rd officina), Victory standing left, long jeweled cross in right, star right, CONOB in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $700.00 (€616.00)

Judaean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa II, c. 49 - 95 A.D., Judaea Capta for Titus

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A Judaea Capta issue minted by a Jewish king! Agrippa was a devout Jew and a loyal vassal of Rome. It may seem strange he would commemorate the defeat of his people but he believed the Jews could flourish under Rome and sided with Rome during the rebellion. He ruled until at least 95 A.D. but in Syria, not Judaea.
JD93573. Bronze half unit, RPC II 2276 (9 spec.); Meshorer TJC 160; BMC Palestine p. 242, 24; Macdonald Hunter p. 291, no 4; SNG ANS 290; Sofaer 228, VF, some roughness, weight 9.232 g, maximum diameter 26.8 mm, die axis 0o, Caesarea Paneas mint, 85 - 86 A.D.; obverse KAICAP CEBAC - AVTOKP TITOC, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, gorgoneion on breastplate; reverse Nike advancing right, raising wreath in extended right, palm branch over shoulder in left, ETO - KS BA / AΓPI−ΠΠA (year 26, King Agrippa) in two divided lines across field; scarce; $150.00 (€132.00)

Islamic, Umayyad Caliphs, Anonymous, Jerusalem, Bilad as Sham, c. 697 - 749 A.D.

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Barag believes the menorah was intended as a symbol of Jerusalem, alluding to its Jewish history. We have no way of knowing Jewish die-makers or mint-masters were involved. The first issue of this type had a seven branched candlestick and only the first half of the Shahadra, which was repeated on both the obverse and reverse, avoiding mention of Mohammad. Later issues, such as this one, were less deferential to the Jewish history and faith.
IS93620. Bronze fals, Barag Candlestick type 4, Walker BMC 605, Album 163, aF, weight 2.407 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 225o, Jerusalem mint, c. 697 - 749 A.D.; obverse first half of Islamic Shahadra around: "There is no God but Allah alone", five branched candlestick (menorah), horizontal bar on top, two "leaves" on vertical stem, tripod base; reverse Islamic Shahadra continued in three lines: "Mohammad is God's messenger"; from the Errett Bishop Collection; rare; $180.00 (€158.40)

Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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Jesus said, "I tell you the truth, this poor widow put more into the treasury than all the others. For all of them have contributed out of their abundance; but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had, all she had to live on." (Mark 12:41) The lepton was the smallest coin in Jerusalem during Christ's lifetime. Biblical scholars believe this type is the Widow's Mite.
JD93788. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1153, VF, green patina, highlighting buff earthen fill, irregularly shaped flan, weight 0.747 g, maximum diameter 12.7 mm, Jerusalem mint, 78 - 76 B.C.; obverse star of six rays, within circle of dots, barbaric blundered imitation of Aramaic legend around; reverse upside-down anchor within linear circle, blundered barbaric imitation of Greek legend around; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $28.00 (€24.64)


Catalog current as of Monday, December 16, 2019.
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