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Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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Liberalitas coin types attest to occasions when the emperor has displayed his generosity towards the people by a distribution to them of money, provisions, or both. The first mention of Liberalitas was on coins of Hadrian. It was a type frequently repeated by the succeeding emperors. Indeed these instances of imperial generosity are more carefully recorded on coins than they are by history. Liberality is personified by the image of a woman, holding in one hand a counting board, or square tablet with a handle on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. In the other hand she holds a cornucopia, to indicate the prosperity of the state and the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RB91023. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 180a, Cohen V 88, Hunter III 88, SRCV III 8999, VF, green patina, well centered, excellent portrait, light corrosion, porosity, weight 21.816 g, maximum diameter 29.9 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 245 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse LIBERALITAS AVGG II, Liberalitas standing half-left, coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto) flanking low across field; from the Eric J. Engstrom Collection; scarce; $170.00 (€149.60)


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

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In Roman religion, every man has a genius, a presiding spirit. In De Die Natali, Censorinus says, from the moment we are born, we live under the guard and tutelage of Genius. Cities, organizations, and peoples also had a genius. On coins, we find inscriptions to the Genius of the Roman people, of the Senate, of the Emperor, etc. The legend GENI ILLVRICI dedicates this coin to the Genius of Illyria (an area in the western Balkans).
RB91024. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 117a, Cohen V 53, Hunter III 34, SRCV III 9404, VF, superb portrait, attractive patina, small squared flan, edge crack, weight 13.228 g, maximum diameter 27.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right; reverse GENIVS EXERC ILLVRICIANI, Genius standing left, naked except for polos on head, patera in right hand, cornucopia in left hand, standard behind, S - C (senatus consulto) across field below center; from the Eric J. Engstrom Collection; scarce; $120.00 (€105.60)


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

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The Dacian Draco was the standard ensign of troops of the ancient Dacian people, which can be seen in the hands of the soldiers of Decebalus in several scenes depicted on Trajan's Column in Rome, Italy. It has the form of a dragon with open wolf-like jaws containing several metal tongues. The hollow dragon's head was mounted on a pole with a fabric tube affixed at the rear. In use, the draco was held up into the wind, or above the head of a horseman, where it filled with air and gave the impression it was alive while making a shrill sound as the wind passed through its strips of material.Draco

RB91613. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 112b; Cohen V 18, SRCV III 9399, Hunter III 32 var. (bust), TOOLED, mostly just smoothing but also some tooling, weight 19.104 g, maximum diameter 30.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, from the front; reverse DACIA, Dacia standing facing, head left, wearing robe reaching feet, vertical staff topped with the head of Draco in right hand, S - C (senatus consulto) across field; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; TOOLED, AS IS, NO RETURNS; $95.00 (€83.60)


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

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In 249, Trajan Decius put down a revolt in Moesia and Pannonia. After his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, he marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip the Arab.
RB91614. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 124a (S), Hunter III 54, Cohen V 87, SRCV III 9407, F, some corrosion, reverse a little off center, edge splt, weight 18.880 g, maximum diameter 29.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 250 - Jun 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse PANNONIAE, the two Pannoniae standing facing, looking away from each other, each holding a standard, S - C across field below center; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; scarce; $70.00 (€61.60)


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.

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Nice gift for a lawyer or a judge. In Roman mythology, Aequitas was the minor goddess of fair trade and honest merchants. Aequitas was also the personification of the virtues equity and fairness of the emperor (Aequitas Augusti). The scales, a natural emblem of equity, express righteousness. The cornucopia signifies the prosperity which results from Aequitas and Aequitas Augusti.
RS92317. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 240a, RSC IV 1, Bland 61, SRCV III 9259, Hunter III - (p. xciv), gF, nice portrait, well centered, bumps and scratches, minor edge flaw, weight 3.555 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch mint, 247 - late 249 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVGG (equity of the two emperors), Aequitas standing half left, head left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $100.00 (€88.00)


Trajan Decius, July 249 - First Half of June 251 A.D.

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In 249, Trajan Decius put down a revolt in Moesia and Pannonia. After his legionaries proclaimed him emperor, he marched them to Verona, where he defeated and killed Philip the Arab.
RS92347. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 26 (S), RSC IV 81, SRCV III 9379, Hunter III - (p. xcvii), EF, attractive toning, flow lines, nice style, very slightly off center, weight 3.453 g, maximum diameter 20.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 249 - 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C M Q TRAIANVS DECIVS AVG, radiate draped bust right; reverse PANNONIAE, the two Pannoniae, draped and veiled, each standing half toward center, heads turned confronted, clasping right hands, a single standard standing in the center between them behind their hands; scarce; $180.00 (€158.40)


Philip II, July or August 247 - Late 249 A.D.

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In 249, the philosopher Plotinus moved to Rome. In his philosophy there are three principles: the One, the Intellect, and the Soul. Historians of the 19th century invented the term Neoplatonism and applied it to him and his philosophy which was influential in Late Antiquity. Much of the biographical information about Plotinus comes from Porphyry's preface to his edition of Plotinus' Enneads. His metaphysical writings have inspired centuries of Pagan, Christian, Jewish, Islamic and Gnostic metaphysicians and mystics.
RS93242. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 219, RSC IV 57, Hunter III 10, SRCV III 9241, Choice VF, well centered, attractive style, attractive toning, flow lines, mild die wear, weight 4.094 g, maximum diameter 21.7 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 244 - 246 A.D.; obverse M IVL PHILIPPVS CAES, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse PRINCIPI IVVENT (to the Prince of Youth), Philip II standing left in military dress, globe in right hand, standard (or inverted spear) in left hand, captive seated left at feet on left; $100.00 (€88.00)


Claudius II Gothicus, September 268 - August or September 270 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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In 270, Claudius II Gothicus died of plague while preparing to fight the Vandals and Sarmatians, who had invaded Pannonia.
RX91020. Billon tetradrachm, Milne 4248; Curtis 1683; Geissen 3028; Dattari 5417; BMC Alexandria p. 303, 2333; Kampmann-Ganschow 104.16; SRCV III 11418; Emmett 3879, gVF, orange-red earthen deposits, well centered on a tight flan, weight 11.478 g, maximum diameter 22.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 269 - 270 A.D.; obverse AYT K KΛAY∆IOC CEB, laureate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse eagle standing left, looking back, holding wreath in beak, L - B (year 2) flanking across field; $70.00 (€61.60)


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D., Roman Provincial Egypt

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RX91035. Billon tetradrachm, RPC Online III 4156 (18 spec.); Dattari 642; Geissen 456; BMC Alexandria p. 48, 394; Kampmann 27.41; Emmett 382.6, F, weight 11.314 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 102 - 28 Aug 103 A.D.; obverse AVT KAIC NEP TPAIAN CEB ΓERM, laureate head right; reverse emperor in quadriga left, laurel branch in right hand, scepter in left hand, Lς (year 6) above left; $70.00 (€61.60)


Salonina, Augusta 254 - c. September 268 A.D., Provincial Egypt

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In 257 Valerian began his persecution of Christians: his edict orders bishops and priests to sacrifice according to the pagan rituals, and prohibited Christians, under penalty of death, from meeting at the tombs of their deceased.
RX91834. Billon tetradrachm, Geissen 2963; Dattari 5320; BMC Alexandria 2273; Hunter 946; SNG Cop 804; Kampmann -Ganschow 91.14; Emmet 3747.5, aVF, well centered, a little rough, small edge split, weight 9.644 g, maximum diameter 22.6 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, 29 Aug 257 - 28 Aug 258 A.D.; obverse KOPNHΛIA CAΛWNEINA CEB, draped bust right, wearing stephane, hair in ridges; reverse eagle standing left, head turned back right, wreath in beak, L - E (year 5) flanking across field; $36.00 (€31.68)




  







Catalog current as of Wednesday, November 13, 2019.
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