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Gallienus, August 253 - September 268 A.D.

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RA89638. Billon antoninianus, unpublished, the only example of this type known to Forum, perhaps unofficial, F, green patina, tight flan, reverse legend weak, weight 1.987 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome(?) mint, 257 - 259 A.D. (or later?); obverse IMP GALLIENVS P F AVG G M, radiate head right; reverse AETERNITAS AVG, Aeternitas standing half left, head left, phoenix on globe in extended right hand, left hand raising fold of robe; ex Beast Coins; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00

Numerian, February or March 283 - October or November 284 A.D.

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Mercury is the messenger of the gods. Hermes to the Greeks, an Olympian god, he is also the patron of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them, of shepherds and cowherds, of thieves and road travelers, of orators and wit, of literature and poets, of athletics, of weights and measures, of invention, of general commerce, and of the cunning of thieves and liars. His symbols include the tortoise, the rooster, the winged sandals, and the caduceus.
RA92342. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 416; Cohen VI 57; SRCV III 12250; Pink VI-1 p. 34, emission 3b; Hunter IV 22, Choice EF, well centered, brown tone, areas of light corrosion, weight 4.136 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 180o, 4th officina, Rome mint, 283 A.D.; obverse IMP NVMERIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse PIETAS AVGG (to the piety of the two emperors), Mercury standing half left, head left, nude but for petasus and cloak over shoulders and left arm, message bag in right hand, caduceus in left hand, KA∆ in exergue; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00

Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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Juno was the patron deity of Trebonianus Gallus. The epithet Martialis literally means "of or belonging to Mars" or "warlike," but the depictions of Juno Martialis on the coins are not warlike. The epithet may refer to Juno as the mother of Mars. Or perhaps she is Juno of March - her festival was on 7 March. Perhaps the title refers to her temple in the Campus Martius, the old "Field of Mars" down by the Tiber. She is sometimes equated with Juno Perusina, as Perugia was where Trebonianus Gallus came from, and as such is sometimes called Juno Martialis Perusina by modern scholars.
RS92349. Billon antoninianus, RIC IV 83 (S), Hunter 58 var. (1st officina), RSC IV 47 var. (4th officina), SRCV III -, Choice gVF, well centered, toned, flow lines, small edge crack, weight 4.891 g, maximum diameter 22.3 mm, die axis 0o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 251 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB TREB GALLVS P F AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind, no officina mark; reverse IVNO MARTIALIS (Juno Mother of Mars?), Juno seated left, stalks of grain downward in right hand, long transverse scepter in left hand, no officina mark; scarce; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00

Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.

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RIC and RSC list this type with the reverse legend ending AVGG and note that Cohen describes it as ending AVG in error. Cohen does list this reverse from Antioch, but with a bust left. While the AVG ending is rare, we do know of other examples.
RS92350. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8917, Tulln Hoard 894, vri 7A, Bland 16 (29 spec.), Cohen V 9, RIC IV 82 var. (bust l.); RSC IV 8 var. (same), Hunter III -, EF, excellent portrait, some mint luster, well centered, uneven strike resulting in parts of legends weak, flow lines, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.569 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, mid - end 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing half left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00

Volusian, c. November 251 - July or August 253 A.D.

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Although Ares was viewed by the Greeks primarily as destructive and destabilizing, worthy of contempt and revulsion, for the Romans, Mars was a father (pater) of the Roman people. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS92352. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 219 (R), RSC IV 60, SRCV III 9755, Hunter III - (p. cix), gVF, broad flan, toned, porous, light deposits, weight 4.142 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 195o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 251 - 252 A.D.; obverse IMP C C VIB VOLVSIANVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse MARTEM PROPVGNATOREM (Mars the defender), Mars striding right, wearing crested helmet and military garb, transverse spear in right hand, oval shield on left arm; rare; $140.00 SALE |PRICE| $126.00

Geta, 209 - c. 26 December 211 A.D.

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The palladium, a small figure of Minerva (Pallas Athena) holding a spear and shield, had a mythological origin from Troy. Troy was believed to be safe from foreign enemies as long as the Palladium remained within the city walls. But Odysseus and Diomedes stole the image and soon after the Greeks took the city. The Palladium was later taken by Aeneas to Rome where for centuries it was kept in the temple of Vesta in the Forum. In Late Antiquity, it was rumored that Constantine had taken the Palladium to Constantinople and buried it under the Column of Constantine.
RS92489. Silver denarius, RIC IV 13a (S); RSC III 90; BMCRE p. 197, 223; Hunter III 7; SRCV II 7184, VF, well centered, toned, flow lines, bumps and scratches, die wear, edge cracks, weight 3.260 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, as caesar, 199 A.D.; obverse P SEPT GETA CAES PONT, boy's bare-headed and draped bust right; reverse NOBILITAS, Nobilitas standing slightly right, head right, long scepter vertical in right hand, palladium in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $90.00 SALE |PRICE| $81.00

Probus, Summer 276 - September 282 A.D., EQVITI Series II of Ticinum, Q, SXXI

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Ticinum mint EQVITI series II - click EQVITI to read the NumisWiki article, Coins of Probus with Coded Markings of EQVITI Embedded in the mint mark. The Q on the reverse is the second letter of the codeword EQVITI, referring to the cavalry. The S in the exergue indicates the second officina (mint workshop). Each officina was assigned letter of the codeword EQVITI corresponding to their officina number. With six coins, one coin from each of the six officina, you can spell out the "secret" codeword.
RA92849. Billon antoninianus, RIC V-2 489, Cohen VI 481, Hunter IV -, SRCV III -, Choice VF, well centered, some silvering remaining, scratches, flan crack, weight 3.260 g, maximum diameter 22.1 mm, die axis 0o, Ticinum (Pavia, Italy) mint, 281 A.D.; obverse IMP C PROBVS P F AVG, radiate bust left, wearing imperial mantle with Medusa on chest, eagle-tipped scepter in right; reverse PROVIDENT AVG (the foresight of the Emperor), Providentia standing slightly left, head left, globe in right hand, transverse scepter in left hand, Q in left field, SXXI in exergue; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00

Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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This type probably refers to Severus' departure for his eastern campaign.
RB94074. Orichalcum sestertius, RIC IV 728 (R); BMCRE V p. 148, 603; SRCV II 6436; Cohen IV 581; Hunter III 153, F, typical tight dumpy flan, rough, weight 18.615 g, maximum diameter 28.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 197 A.D.; obverse L SEPT SEV PERT AVG IMP VIII, laureate head right; reverse PROFECTIO AVG, Septimius on horse pacing right, transverse spear in right hand, reins in left hand, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; rare; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00

Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.

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Arcadius inherited the eastern empire while his brother Honorius received the west. He inherited none of his father's skills and was under the influence Praetorian prefects and other advisers, including Empress Eudoxia. His greatest personal accomplishment was beautiful handwriting.
RL88821. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Cyzicus 27(b)2, DOCLR 171, LRBC II 2572, SRCV V 20795, Hunter V 43 var. (1st officina), aVF, well centered on a ragged flan with edge splits, brown tone, light corrosion, weight 4.953 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 15 May 392 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor standing facing, head right, standard in right hand, globe in left hand, SMKB in exergue; $28.00 (24.64)

Marcian, 24 August 450 - 31 January 457 A.D.

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Marcian laid out many legal reforms in his five novels, or codes of law, many of which were targeted at reducing the corruption and abuses of office that existed during the reign of Theodosius. Marcian decreed that anyone who performed pagan rites would lose their property and be condemned to death, and that no pagan temples, which had previously been closed, could be re-opened. He repealed a marriage law enacted by Constantine I, which decreed that a man of senatorial status could not marry a slave, freedwoman, actress, or woman of no social status (humilis), in an attempt to preserve the purity of the senatorial class. Marcian adjusted this law by declaring that the law should not exclude a woman of good character, regardless of her social status or wealth. He banned the export of weapons, and tools used to manufacture them, to barbarian tribes. In order to ensure his laws were implemented, he set a penalty of 50 pounds (23 kg) of gold for any judge, governor, or official who did not enforce the law.
RL91321. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC X Marcian 561 (R), LRBC II 2609, SRCV V 21398, Hahn MIB 33, DOCLR -, Hunter V -, aF, well centered on a typical tight flan, part of legend not struck/off flan, encrustations, corrosion, weight 1.078 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 453 - 457 A.D.; obverse D N MARCINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Marcian's monogram (RIC monogram 1) , in wreath, CYZ in exergue; rare; $50.00 (44.00)


Catalog current as of Friday, January 24, 2020.
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