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Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), Bi-Lanceolate Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 300 - 500 A.D.

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Adler notes these lamps are found throughout the northern part of Israel, especially in Beit Shean and Hamat Gader, and date to the fourth and fifth centuries. Hamat Gader was already a well known health and recreation site in Roman times, mentioned in Strabo, Origen and Eunapius, as well as the Rabbinic literature. Construction of the bath complex began in the 2nd century by the 10th Roman Legion, which was garrisoned in nearby Gadara (modern Umm Qais). The ancient Hebrew name means hot springs of (the ancient city of) Gadara. The Arabic name El-Hamma preserves this, and the name of the tel located near the site, Tel Bani, is a corruption of the Latin word meaning "baths." The empress Aelia Eudocia composed a poem praising the qualities of the multiple springs which was inscribed so that visitors could see it as they went into the pool. The photo to the right is of the ancient Roman baths. Click the photo to see a larger image.Hammat Gader Baths

AL93918. Bi-lanceolate pottery oil lamp; Adler Collection (website) type N2; 8.0 cm (3 1/8") long, near Choice, complete and intact, light encrustation, wear, c. 300 - 500 A.D.; pink-buff clay, mold made with incised decoration, the body includes the entire lamp from tip of nozzle to tip of "tongue" handle, wide rim surrounds a large fill hole, incised herring-bone geometric wreath pattern on narrow convex shoulders, two incised lengthwise lines on the handle, incised lines between fill hold rim and nozzle; bi-lanceolate oil lamp similar condition to the lamp in the photo; $40.00 (€35.20)


China, Eastern Han Dynasty, Usurper Dong Zhuo, 190 - 192 A.D.

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Wu-Shu (5 zhu) denomination was issued from 118 B.C. to 220 A.D., with additional varieties perhaps as late as 600 A.D. Dated molds have been found, and the calligraphy and other features changed over time, making it possible to more precisely date some examples. During the time of Dong Zhuo, small coins were officially cast using many different old filed or clipped coins. Many coins appeared featureless due to poor casting or casting from poor quality mother coins.
CH89264. Bronze 5 zhu, Gratzer-Fishman Wu Zhu B4.343 - 345, cf. Hartill 10.31, F, deposits and heavy encrustations, inner hole flaw, casting sprue, weight 1.983 g, maximum diameter 22.8 mm, 190 - 192 A.D.; obverse Wu Zhu (5 zhu); reverse plain; $5.00 (€4.40)


China, Western Han Dynasty, 206 B.C. - 25 A.D.

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Wu-Shu (5 zhu) denomination was issued from 118 B.C. to 220 A.D., with additional varieties perhaps as late as 600 A.D. Dated molds have been found, and the calligraphy and other features changed over time, making it possible to more precisely date some examples. Many clipped and filed coins have been found attributed to the Western Han period. It is thought that they were produced as an adjustment for inflationary periods. Gratzer-Fishman distinguishes filed from cut/clipped coins. Filed are round, cut are square in shape. These come in all sizes, filed to varying degree. Surviving molds show some coins were cast this way.
CH89385. Bronze 5 zhu, Filed edge Wu Zu; Gratzer-Fishman Wu Zhu B1.64, cf. Hartill 10.28, aVF, concave shape, blue-green patina, deposits and encrustations, weight 1.987 g, maximum diameter 24.7 mm, 118 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse Wu Zhu (5 zhu); reverse plain; $4.00 (€3.52)


China, Western Han Dynasty, 206 B.C. - 25 A.D.

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Wu-Shu (5 zhu) denomination was issued from 118 B.C. to 220 A.D., with additional varieties perhaps as late as 600 A.D. Dated molds have been found, and the calligraphy and other features changed over time, making it possible to more precisely date some examples. Many clipped and filed coins have been found attributed to the Western Han period. It is thought that they were produced as an adjustment for inflationary periods. There are many sizes found, filed to varying degrees. Gratzer-Fishman distinguishes filed from cut/clipped coins. Filed are round, cut are square in shape. Surviving molds show some coins were cast this way.
CH89387. Bronze 5 zhu, Filed edge Wu Zu; Gratzer-Fishman Wu Zhu B1.64, cf. Hartill 10.28, F, green patina, encrustations and deposits, weight 2.007 g, maximum diameter 23.6 mm, 118 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse Wu Zhu (5 zhu); reverse plain; $4.00 (€3.52)


China, Western Han Dynasty, 206 B.C. - 25 A.D.

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Wu-Shu (5 zhu) denomination was issued from 118 B.C. to 220 A.D., with additional varieties perhaps as late as 600 A.D. Dated molds have been found, and the calligraphy and other features changed over time, making it possible to more precisely date some examples. Many clipped and filed coins have been found attributed to the Western Han period. It is thought that they were produced as an adjustment for inflationary periods. There are many sizes found, filed to varying degrees. Gratzer-Fishman distinguishes filed from cut/clipped coins. Filed are round, cut are square in shape. Surviving molds show some coins were cast this way.
CH89388. Bronze 5 zhu, Filed edge Wu Zu; Gratzer-Fishman Wu Zhu B1.64 (b); cf Hartill 8.8, aVF, deposits and encrustations, reverse scratches, weight 2.546 g, maximum diameter 23.1 mm, 118 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse Wu Zhu (5 zhu), raised rim above inner hole; reverse plain; $5.00 (€4.40)


China, Western Han Dynasty, 206 B.C. - 25 A.D.

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Wu-Shu (5 zhu) denomination was issued from 118 B.C. to 220 A.D., with additional varieties perhaps as late as 600 A.D. Dated molds have been found, and the calligraphy and other features changed over time, making it possible to more precisely date some examples. Many clipped and filed coins have been found attributed to the Western Han period. It is thought that they were produced as an adjustment for inflationary periods. There are many sizes found, filed to varying degrees. Gratzer-Fishman distinguishes filed from cut/clipped coins. Filed are round, cut are square in shape. Surviving molds show some coins were cast this way.
CH89389. Bronze 5 zhu, Filed edge Wu Zu; Gratzer-Fishman Wu Zhu B1.64, cf. Hartill 10.28, dark patina, encrustations, weight 1.453 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, 118 B.C. - 6 A.D.; obverse Wu Zhu (5 zhu); reverse plain; $4.00 (€3.52)


Judaea, Bar Kochba Revolt, 132 - 135 A.D.

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In 134, the Romans captured Jerusalem. Simon bar Kokhba was killed in 135, at Betar, a fortress where he had taken refuge. Jerusalem, largely destroyed, was renamed Colonia Aelia Capitolina. Legio VI Ferrata rebuilt the legionary fortress in the city and constructed a Roman temple at Golgotha. An altar to Jupiter was erected on the site of the Temple in Jerusalem. Although, resistance continued in Galilee, the Jewish diaspora began as Emperor Hadrian barred Jews from Jerusalem and had survivors of the massacre dispersed across the Roman Empire. Many were sold into slavery. The Jews remained scattered without a homeland for close to two millennia.
JD91403. Bronze AE 20, Mildenberg, group 3b, 33 (O2/R12); Meshorer TJC 297 (same dies); SNG ANS 584 (same dies); Hendin 1436a, VF, toned, light earthen deposits, flan adjustment marks, tiny edge cracks, tight flan, weight 6.625 g, maximum diameter 19.8 mm, die axis 0o, undated (year 3?), 134 - 135 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription counterclockwise from lower right: for the freedom of Jerusalem, upright palm branch within laurel wreath, wreath with four groups of three leaves on each side, a medallion at the top and ribbon ties at the bottom; reverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription counterclockwise from lower right: Shimon, kithara-lyre with a long soundbox and three strings, no horn-like projections on lyre (present on most dies); from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Fairlane Collection; $450.00 (€396.00)


The First Jewish Revolt, 66 - 70 A.D.

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"and you shall take of yourselves on the first day [of Sukkot] the fruit of a goodly tree [etog], a palm branch, the myrtle branch, and the willow of the brook [lulav]; and you shall rejoice before the L-rd your G-d seven days" -- Leviticus 23
JD91412. Bronze 1/8 shekel, Kadman III 37, Hendin 1369, Meshorer TJC 214, aF/aVF, obverse rough and porous, reverse edge beveled with traces of flan casting sprues, weight 6.030 g, maximum diameter 19.5 mm, die axis 0o, 69 - 70 A.D. mint, Year 4, 69 - 70 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew counterclockwise inscription: year four, Lulav (myrtle, palm and willow branches tied together) flanked by an etrog (citron - small lemon like fruit) on each side; reverse Paleo-Hebrew counterclockwise inscription: To the redemption of Zion, chalice with a pearled rim; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $280.00 (€246.40)


Judean Kingdom, Herod the Great, 37 - 4 B.C.

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Herod's most famous and ambitious project was his magnificent expansion of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in 20 - 19 B.C. Although work on out-buildings continued another eighty years, the new Temple was finished in a year and a half. To comply with religious law, Herod employed 1,000 priests as masons and carpenters. The temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. Today, only the four retaining walls of the Temple Mount remain standing, including the Western Wall.
JD91413. Bronze prutah, Meshorer TJC 59, Hendin 1188, HGC 10 662, aF, rough, off center, slightly ragged edge, weight 1.490 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, die axis 180o, Jerusalem mint, 21 - 4 B.C.; obverse HPW∆OY BACIΛE (or similar), anchor; reverse double cornucopia, caduceus between horns, pellets above; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $45.00 (€39.60)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C., Irregular Variety

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This type may have been struck at by a mobile military mint or is perhaps an ancient counterfeit.
JD91414. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1150c (no Hebrew inscription), Meshorer TJC K19, aF, dark tone, light earthen deposits, porous, off center, weight 1.586 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 95 - 76 B.C.; obverse star of eight rays, no visible inscription; reverse blundered Greek legend: BAΣIΛEΩΣ AΛEΞAN∆POY (of King Alexander), upside-down anchor with ring at end; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $40.00 (€35.20)




  







Catalog current as of Friday, December 13, 2019.
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