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Ptolemaic Kingdom, Ptolemy X Alexander I, 109 - 110 B.C., as King in Cyprus
This coin was struck at Kition when Ptolemy X ruled in Cyprus and Ptolemy IX and Cleopatra III ruled in Egypt. On the death of Ptolemy VIII, Cleopatra was given the option of which son to declare co-ruler. While she would have preferred Ptolemy X, she was pressured by politics to select Ptolemy IX. Her younger son ruled on Cyprus. Later she would depose Ptolemy IX in favor of her favorite, Ptolemy X.
The attribution to Ptolemy X as King in Cyprus is made mostly by process of elimination. The debased silver eliminates Ptolemy I to VI as possibilities. Ptolemy VIII coins have a very different style for Kition Year 5. Serifs are unique to just a few rare Ptolemaic coin types. Perhaps all are the work of a single engraver. Similar tetradrachms in the Paphos I Hoard shows that these must have been minted before the hoard was lost in ~97 B.C. Also, the heavy-set portrait resembles the marble head of Ptolemy X (Boston Museum of Fine Arts 59.51) and differs from the usual images of Ptolemy I.
GP88097. Silver tetradrachm
, cf. Svoronos
1767 - 1768, VF, porous rough surfaces, flan cracks
, Kition mint, weight
12.913g, maximum diameter
22.6mm, die axis
, 110 B.C.; obverse
of Ptolemy I right, wearing aegis
ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King
standing left on a thunderbolt, head
left, wings closed, date LE (year 5) before, KI (Kition mintmark
) behind, year and mintmark
letters with serifs; no other specimen known
Catalog current as of Friday, April 19, 2019.
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