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Septimius Severus, 9 April 193 - 4 February 211 A.D.

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Pax, regarded by the ancients as a goddess, was worshiped not only at Rome but also at Athens. Her altar could not be stained with blood. Claudius began the construction of a magnificent temple to her honor, which Vespasian finished, in the Via Sacra. The attributes of Peace are the hasta pura, the olive branch, the cornucopia, and often the caduceus. Sometimes she is represented setting fire to a pile of arms.
RS94132. Silver denarius, RIC IV 118; RSC III 357; BMCRE V p. 61, W253; SRCV II 6319; Hunter III -, F, light corrosion and marks, edge cracks, weight 2.739 g, maximum diameter 17.3 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, 198 A.D.; obverse L SEP SEV PERT AVG IMP X, laureate head right; reverse PACI AETERNAE (eternal peace), Pax seated left, olive branch in extended right hand, long scepter transverse in left hand; $40.00 SALE |PRICE| $36.00


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Edessa(?), Mesopotamia

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This coin is from of a series of rare drachms with portraits of Marcus Aurelius, Faustina II, Lucius Verus, and Lucilla, along with a small bronze of Commodus, struck in Mesopotamia, c. 165 A.D. The series commemorated the Roman victory, as this coin does with the reverse legend VΠEP NIKHC RΩMAIΩN. All have Roma reverse types, but for many, like this coin, the goddess intended and her attributes are uncertain. They were most likely struck at Edessa, but Carrhae or another mint is possible. All the types are very rare. This is the only example of this variety known to FORVM and the only coin known to Forum from this series with obverse legend ending in APM (Armeniacus - victor over the Armenians).
RS94121. Silver drachm, unpublished variety, cf. BMC Arabia p. 137, 3 and pl. XIX, 7 (AVT K M AV...NTΩNIN...), RPC online IV.3 T10747 (...ANTΩNINOC CEB), aF, toned, slightly off center, legend not fully struck, scratches, edge split, weight 2.561 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Mesopotamia, Edessa(?) mint, c. 165 A.D.; obverse AVTO K M AVPHΛ ANTΩNINOC APM, bare-headed, bearded bust right, drapery on shoulder; reverse VΠEP NIKHC RΩMAIΩN (for the victory of the Romans), goddess standing facing, head left, wearing tunic and mantle, globe or apple in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; extremely rare and possibly unique - the only specimen with this obverse legend known to FORVM; $240.00 SALE |PRICE| $216.00


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D.

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Not in RIC. The normal obverse legend for combined with this reverse type and legend is IMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P. This coin is missing HADR. For this variety, only four sales in the last two decades are recorded on Coin Archives.
RS94123. Silver denarius, RSC II 825c, BMCRE IV 736 note, Strack III 228, RIC III 202b (S) var. (obv. legend), SRCV II 4108 var. (obv. legend), Choice F, nice portrait, well centered, toned, die wear, edge a bit ragged with small cracks, weight 2.996 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 151 - 152 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES T AEL ANTONINVS AVG PIVS P P, laureate head right; reverse TR POT XIIII COS IIII, Tranquillitas standing right, rudder in right hand, stalks of grain downward in left, TRANQ in exergue; very rare; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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The Temple of Apollo Palatinus, on the Palatine Hill, was dedicated by Octavian on 9 Oct 28 B.C., fulfilling vows made for his victories over Sextus Pompeius, Mark Antony and Cleopatra. Ancient sources say, it was built where lightning had struck, Augustus' private house was directly connected to its terrace, the temple had ivory doors, and it held numerous works of sculpture. The remains were excavated in the 1960s.

Commodus dedicated this coin to Apollo, the god of medicine, in hopes that he would end a dreadful plaque raging in Rome. At the height of the plague, two thousand victims were dying each day. Apollo apparently did his job as no one in Rome died from this plague today.
RS94126. Silver denarius, Szaivert MIR 18 p. 165, 805; RIC III 197 (S) var. (obv. leg.); RSC II 30 var. (same); cf. BMCRE IV 271 (aureus); Hunter II - (p. clv), Nice F, nice portrait, toned, centered on an irregularly shaped flan, flow lines, edge splits and cracks, weight 2.095 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 189 A.D.; obverse M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT P P, laureate head right; reverse APOLLINI PALATINO, Apollo Palatinus standing facing, head right, laureate and wearing long robe, plectrum in right hand, lyre resting on a column in left hand; there were only two specimens of this type in the Reka Devnia Hoard, and no sales of the type in the last two decades; extremely rare; $135.00 SALE |PRICE| $120.00


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

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On June 11, 173, during the Marcomannic Wars (166Ė180), the Roman army in Moravia was outnumbered and surrounded by the Quadi, suffering from the extreme heat, out of water, and on the verge of defeat. Dio writes, "many clouds gathered and a mighty rain, not without divine interposition, burst upon them...when the rain poured down, at first all turned their faces upwards and received the water in their mouths; then some held out their shields and some their helmets to catch it, and they not only took deep draughts themselves but also gave their horses to drink...while those on the one side were being drenched and drinking, the others [Quadi] were being consumed by fire [lightning] and dying." The Romans were soon victorious. Marcus was saluted imperator for the seventh time and the "miracle of the rain" was memorialized on Marcus Aurelius' column. In 174, Marcus Aurelius officially conferred the title Fulminata (Thundering) to the Legio XII Fulminata.Miracle_in_the_Rain

RS94127. Silver denarius, RIC III 273, RSC II 261, BMCRE IV 571, SRCV II 4906, Hunter II -, aVF, centered, toned, flow lines, etched porous surfaces, edge cracks, weight 2.831 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Dec 172 - Dec 173 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVII, laureate head right; reverse IMP VI COS III, Victory walking right, raising wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand over left shoulder; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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This type commemorates Commodus' accession largesse for the beginning of his sole reign. Liberality holds in her right hand a counting board on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins, this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In her left hand Liberalitas holds a cornucopia to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS94128. Silver denarius, BMCRE IV 70, RSC II 311, Hunter II 11, RIC III 36, SRCV II 5655, VF, nice portrait, well centered, flow lines, light scratches, reverse die wear, edge cracks, weight 2.927 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 181 - Dec 182 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, with slight beard, seen from behind; reverse LIB AVG V TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Liberalitas standing slightly left, holding up coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Olbia, Sarmatia, c. 5th Century B.C.

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Small cast dolphins were cast in Olbia, beginning 550 - 525 B.C., first as sacrificial objects for worship of Apollo and later as a form of currency.
GB94129. Bronze cast dolphin, SNG BM 373, SNG Pushkin 27, SNG Cop 69, SNG Stancomb 339, VF, earthen encrusted, weight 1.709 g, maximum diameter 29.2 mm, die axis 0o, Olbia (Parutino, Ukraine) mint, c. 5th Century B.C.; obverse dolphin with raised eye and dorsal fin, no tail; reverse ΘY; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Olbia, Sarmatia, c. 5th Century B.C.

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Small cast dolphins were cast in Olbia, beginning 550 - 525 B.C., first as sacrificial objects for worship of Apollo and later as a form of currency.
GB94130. Bronze cast dolphin, cf. SNG BM 369 ff., SNG Stancomb 339, SNG Pushkin 21 ff., SNG Cop 69 (all with normal ΘY reverse), VF, green patina, light earthen deposits, weight 1.153 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 0o, Olbia (Parutino, Ukraine) mint, c. 5th Century B.C.; obverse dolphin with raised eye and dorsal fin, no tail; reverse YΘ (retrograde ΘY); very rare with retrograde reverse; $150.00 SALE |PRICE| $135.00


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia

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The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.
RP94131. Bronze AE 21, RPC Online IV.1 T4272 (5 spec.), AMNG III 267, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, VF, black patina, centered, tight flan cutting off tops of some letters, scattered light corrosion, central depression on reverse, weight 6.120 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica(?) mint, as caesar, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse KAICAP AVPHΛIOC, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse KOINΩN MAKE∆ONΩN, Macedonian shield; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.

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The augur was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the augur was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
RS92415. Silver denarius, RIC II 24, RSC II 48, BMCRE III 33, BnF III 24, Hunter I 15, SRCV II 3023, aVF, toned, well centered, scratches, small edge chip, weight 2.672 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jan - Sep 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR POT, laureate head right; reverse COS III PATER PATRIAE, implements of the augurate and pontificate: simpulum (ladle), aspergillum (sprinkler), ewer (jug) and lituus (augural wand); from the Errett Bishop Collection; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00




  







Catalog current as of Tuesday, January 28, 2020.
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