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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins||View Options:  |  |  |   

Byzantine Coins

Byzantine Empire, Levante or Alexandria, c. 5th - 6th Century A.D., Jewish Menorah Lead Token

|Holy| |Land| |Antiquities|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Levante| |or| |Alexandria,| |c.| |5th| |-| |6th| |Century| |A.D.,| |Jewish| |Menorah| |Lead| |Token||token|
The purpose of Byzantine era lead tokens is unknown. Many appear closely related to seals differing only by the absence of a cord or channel for attachment to a container or document. Many late Roman and early Byzantine seals have a figural type on one side and a legend in two lines in Latin or Greek on the other side. Seals with a menorah are known, usually with a blank globular reverse, but some also have a name on the other side.
JD98657. Lead token, personal token of Rodanos(?); Roma e-sale 53 (7 Feb 2019), lot 504 (same dies), VF, highlighting earthen deposit desert patina, weight 3.077 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, c. 5th - 6th century A.D.; obverse Menorah of seven branches, flanked by lulav on left and etrog on right; reverse PO∆A/NOY in two lines across field, palm frond above; ex CNG e-auction 435 (2 Jan 2019), lot 401; extremely rare; $1800.00 SALE PRICE $1620.00


Byzantine Empire, Constantine X Ducas, 25 December 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.

|Constantine| |X|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |X| |Ducas,| |25| |December| |1059| |-| |21| |May| |1067| |A.D.||histamenon| |nomisma|NEW
Constantine X seems to have been a weak, ineffective leader. His wife, Eudocia, had great power within the empire, and was thought by some to be "the power behind the throne." Upon the death of Constantine X, his eldest son, Michael VII was still a child, so Eudocia took over as regent.
SH99078. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III-2 2, Morrisson BnF 51/Cp/AV/10, Wroth BMC 4, Ratto 2011, Sommer 52.2, SBCV 1848, Choice EF, scyphate, flow lines, weight 4.418 g, maximum diameter 28.0 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067; obverse + IhS XIΓ REX REINANTIhm, Christ seated facing on lyre-backed throne, wears nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising hand in benediction; reverse + KWN RAC Λ O ∆OVKAC, Constantine (on left) standing facing, wearing crown and loros, globus cruciger in his left hand; the Virgin Mary standing facing, nimbate, crowing Constantine, M - Θ (Greek abbreviation: Mητηρ Θεου - Mother of God) flanking her head; ex Numismatik Naumann auction 104 (4 Jul 2021), lot 1020; $1200.00 SALE PRICE $1080.00


Byzantine Empire, Nicephorus Basilacius, Usurper, Summer 1078 A.D., Anonymous Class N Follis

|Nicephorus| |Basilacius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Nicephorus| |Basilacius,| |Usurper,| |Summer| |1078| |A.D.,| |Anonymous| |Class| |N| |Follis||follis|NEW
Until 1976 this type was regarded as anonymous (Class N) because neither of the two known specimens had a visible legend. In 1976, Grierson published a new specimen with a legend naming the ruler, Nicephorus (Grierson, P. "Nicephorus Bryennius or Nicephorus Basilacius?" in NumCirc LXXXIV.1 (January 1976), type a). There were two candidates, Nicephorus Bryennius and Nicephorus Basilacius, both usurpers, Bryennius in 1077 - 1078, and Basilacius in Thessalonica for a few months during 1078. In 1992, Roger Bland published an example with the legend on the obverse right side reading POCBAC, which has been accepted as proving this type was struck by Basilacius (Bland, R. "A Follis of Nicephorus Basilacius?" NC 1992, p. 175 ff. and pl. 36, B). Our coin has a different more complete but blundered and obscure inscription on the obverse right side.
BZ99035. Bronze follis, DOC III-2 p. 706, N.1 (anonymous class N follis); Grierson 1976, type a; Bland Basilacius pl. 36, B; SBCV 1903A (Ex. Rare); Sommer 58.1, F, uneven strike, overstruck with strong undertype effects, weight 5.863 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, summer 1078 A.D.; obverse +NIKHΦW-POC BACIΛE (or similar), facing bust of Christ, nimbus cross with plain arms, wearing tunic and himation, right hand raised in blessing, Gospels in left, IC-XC flanking across field; reverse patriarchal cross on base; IC-XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ conquers) in the quarters; from a Las Vegas dealer; extremely rare; $800.00 SALE PRICE $720.00


Lot of 100 Bronze Ancient Trilobate Arrowheads, Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D.

|Metal| |Arrowheads|, |Lot| |of| |100| |Bronze| |Ancient| |Trilobate| |Arrowheads,| |Hellenistic| |-| |Byzantine,| |c.| |300| |B.C.| |-| |1000| |A.D.|
 
LT96894. Lot of 100 bronze trilobate arrowheads, mostly or all Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D., c. 12 - 28 mm, some complete and intact, some with chips or bends, unattributed to type, no tags, from the same larger lot as the arrowheads in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $450.00 SALE PRICE $405.00


Lot of 100 Bronze Ancient Trilobate Arrowheads, Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D.

|Metal| |Arrowheads|, |Lot| |of| |100| |Bronze| |Ancient| |Trilobate| |Arrowheads,| |Hellenistic| |-| |Byzantine,| |c.| |300| |B.C.| |-| |1000| |A.D.|
LT96895. Lot of 100 bronze trilobate arrowheads, mostly or all Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D., c. 12 - 28 mm, some complete and intact, some with chips or bends, unattributed to type, no tags, from the same larger lot as the arrowheads in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $450.00 SALE PRICE $405.00


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.||follis|NEW
The cross between the heads of Justin and Sophia is very rare for the Constantinople mint folles. Wroth BMC, Morrisson BnF, Tolstoi, Ratto and Sommer do not list this variant. Sear remarks, "rarely, with cross between their hds." Dumbarton Oaks has only one specimen, DOC I 32b.2, year 7, B (2nd officina). There is only one specimen on Coin Archives, also year 7, B (2nd officina). For MIBEC 43f, Hahn and Metlich list the following years and officina:
Year 4, Γ (3rd officina), 1 spec. (Heraclian Hoard 24, staurogram reverse)
Year 4, E (5th officina), 2 spec.
Year 7, B (2nd officina), 1 spec. (DOC I 32b.2).
Year 9, B (2nd officina), 1 spec.
Year 10, A (1st officina), 1 spec.
Year 12, Γ (3rd officina), 2 spec.
BZ99094. Bronze follis, MIBEC 43f var. (only 2nd officina listed in year 9), SBCV 360 (rare), DOC I, BMC -, BnF -, Sommer, - Tolstoi -, Ratto -, Choice F, well centered, attractive dark patina with highlight earthen deposits, edge ragged with small splits, weight 13.267 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 573 - 574 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AV, Justin II (on left) and Sophia (on right) seated side-by-side facing on a double throne, both are nimbate, he holds a globus cruciger, she holds a cruciform scepter, cross above between heads; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, A/N/N/O (year) in a column left, ςI/II (9) in two lines right, A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; from the Robert Wachter Collection, the obverse cross variation is very rare for this type and apparently unpublished for this year and officina; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00


Byzantine Empire, Constantine IV, Heraclius, and Tiberius, 15 July 668 - 10 July 685 A.D.

|Constantine| |IV|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |IV,| |Heraclius,| |and| |Tiberius,| |15| |July| |668| |-| |10| |July| |685| |A.D.||half| |follis|NEW
All the references given refer to the same single specimen, the only other specimen known, currently in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection (added post publication but available online). Click here to see DOC specimen. Sear describes the reverse with a K monogram and a T in the right field. Hahn and Morrison omit descriptions but provide photos. Dumbarton Oaks Collection Online correctly describes the coin with an plain K and a Γ, for the third officina, in the right field. The symbol in the right field on our specimen is obscure due to undertype effects, but the our coin appears to have been struck with the same dies.
BZ99098. Bronze half follis, cf. DOC Online BZC.1971.37.11; Hahn MIB III pl. 37, 100; Morrisson BnF pl. LX, 14/Ct/AE/08; SBCV 1198a, F, maroon and green patina, scratches, earthen deposits, overstruck with significant undertype effects, weight 3.772 g, maximum diameter 21.3 mm, die axis 135o, 3rd officina(?), Carthage (near Tunis, Tunisia) mint, 681 - 685 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Constantine IV (in middle), Heraclius (on left) and Tiberius (on right), each wearing crown with cross and chlamys; reverse large K (20 nummi), cross potent left, Γ(?) right; from the Robert Wachter Collection; extremely rare, second known specimen, the only other specimen is in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection; $400.00 SALE PRICE $360.00


Empire of Nicaea, John III Ducas-Vatatzes, c. 15 December 1221 - 3 November 1254

|John| |III|, |Empire| |of| |Nicaea,| |John| |III| |Ducas-Vatatzes,| |c.| |15| |December| |1221| |-| |3| |November| |1254||tetarteron|NEW
John was a very successful ruler who greatly increased the size, influence, and prosperity of the Nicaean Empire. He prepared the way for his descendants to successfully restore Greek rule to Constantinople and to rule the restored Byzantine Empire.
BZ99289. Bronze tetarteron, Lianta 285; DOC IV-2 58; Hendy pl. 34, 4; Wroth BMCV 36; Ratto 2290; Sommer 70.16; SBCV 2116, Nice VF, broad flan, highlighting earthen deposits, weight 2.505 g, maximum diameter 21.5 mm, die axis 150o, Lydia, Magnesia ad Sipylum (Manisa, Turkey) mint, c. 15 Dec 1221 - 3 Nov 1254; obverse bust of St. George facing, nimbate, wearing military attire, spear in right hand, shield on left arm, A in circle left, ΓPw monogram right; reverse Iw / ∆EC/ΠO - OΛOY/K/A/C (or similar, in columns left and right, OY ligate), John standing facing, wearing stemma with pendilia, chlamys, and divitision, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; from the S. Lindner Collection; rare; $260.00 SALE PRICE $234.00


Byzantine Empire, John II Comnenus, 15 August 1118 - 8 April 1143 A.D.

|John| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |John| |II| |Comnenus,| |15| |August| |1118| |-| |8| |April| |1143| |A.D.||aspron| |trachy|NEW
According to the Golden Legend, a plague-bearing dragon lived in a lake near a city called Silene, in Libya. To appease the dragon, the people fed it two sheep every day. When the sheep failed, they fed it their children, chosen by lottery. It happened that the lot fell on the king's daughter, Sabra. Sabra was sent out to the lake, dressed as a bride, to be fed to the dragon. Saint George was ridding past when dragon reared out of the lake. He fortified himself with the Sign of the Cross charged it on horseback with his lance, and gave it a grievous wound. He then called to the princess to throw him her girdle. After he put it around its neck, the dragon followed the girl like a meek beast on a leash. The princess and Saint George led the dragon back to the city of Silene. It terrified the people at its approach, but Saint George called out to them, saying that if they consented to become Christians and be baptized, he would slay the dragon. The king and the people converted to Christianity and George slew the dragon. On the site where the dragon died, the king built a church to the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint George, and from its altar a spring arose whose waters cured all disease.
SH99294. Electrum aspron trachy, DOC IV-1 8b; Hendy pl. 10, 2; Morrisson BnF 60/Cp/El/02; Wroth BMC 49; CLBC I 3.2.1; Grierson 1067; SBCV 1941; Sommer 60.4; Ratto -, aEF, scyphate, edge split, edge chip, light marks, excellent reverse!, weight 3.949 g, maximum diameter 31.9 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 15 Aug 1118 - 1122 A.D.; obverse Christ seated facing on throne without back, bearded, wearing tunic and kolobion, raising right in benediction, gospels in left hand, IC - XC (Greek abbr.: Ihsos Xrists - Jesus Christ) flanking nimbus, pellet (control) at each side of throne; reverse + Iw / ∆ECΠO/TH in column of four rows on left - Θ / ΓE/PW/ΓI in column of four rows on right, John (on left) and St. George standing facing, together holding patriarchal cross on a small globe between them, John wearing crown, divitision, and chlamys with dot (control symbol) below the tablion, St. George nimbate, in military dress, left hand on sword at side; from the S. Lindner Collection; ex Savoca auction 26 (14 Oct 2018), lot 541; scarce; $250.00 SALE PRICE $225.00


Byzantine Empire, Alexius III Angelus-Comnenus, 8 April 1195 - 17 July 1203

|Alexius| |III|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Alexius| |III| |Angelus-Comnenus,| |8| |April| |1195| |-| |17| |July| |1203||tetarteron|
According to the Golden Legend, a plague-bearing dragon lived in a lake near a city called Silene, in Libya. To appease the dragon, the people fed it two sheep every day. When the sheep failed, they fed it their children, chosen by lottery. It happened that the lot fell on the king's daughter, Sabra. Sabra was sent out to the lake, dressed as a bride, to be fed to the dragon. Saint George was ridding past when dragon reared out of the lake. He fortified himself with the Sign of the Cross charged it on horseback with his lance, and gave it a grievous wound. He then called to the princess to throw him her girdle. After he put it around its neck, the dragon followed the girl like a meek beast on a leash. The princess and Saint George led the dragon back to the city of Silene. It terrified the people at its approach, but Saint George called out to them, saying that if they consented to become Christians and be baptized, he would slay the dragon. The king and the people converted to Christianity and George slew the dragon. On the site where the dragon died, the king built a church to the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint George, and from its altar a spring arose whose waters cured all disease.
BZ90229. Bronze tetarteron, DOC IV-1 5a; CLBC I 8.4.3; Hendy p. 152 and pl. 23, 9-10; Wroth BMC 39; Grierson 1138; Ratto 2214; SBCV 2015; Sommer 66.6, gVF, well centered on a typical tight flan, porosity, some light corrosion, weight 3.720 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 180o, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, 8 Apr 1195 - 17 Jul 1203; obverse half-length facing bust of St. George, beardless and nimbate, wearing military attire: cuirass and sagion, transverse spear in right hand, left hand resting on hilt of sword, O / ΓE/WP-ΓI/OC (in columns to left and right, WP ligate); reverse AΛEΣIOC - ∆ECΠOTHC (or similar), half length figure of Alexius standing facing, wearing crown, divitision, and chlamys, labarum in right hand, globus cruciger in left hand; ex S. Lindner Collection; rare; $225.00 SALE PRICE $203.00




  






REFERENCES|

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