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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Byzantine Coins||View Options:  |  |  |   

Byzantine Coins

Byzantine Empire, Levante or Alexandria, c. 5th - 6th Century A.D., Jewish Menorah Lead Token

|Holy| |Land| |Antiquities|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Levante| |or| |Alexandria,| |c.| |5th| |-| |6th| |Century| |A.D.,| |Jewish| |Menorah| |Lead| |Token||token|
The purpose of Byzantine era lead tokens is unknown. Many appear closely related to seals differing only by the absence of a cord or channel for attachment to a container or document. Many late Roman and early Byzantine seals have a figural type on one side and a legend in two lines in Latin or Greek on the other side. Seals with a menorah are known, usually with a blank globular reverse, but some also have a name on the other side.
JD98657. Lead token, personal token of Rodanos(?); Roma e-sale 53 (7 Feb 2019), lot 504 (same dies), VF, highlighting earthen deposit desert patina, weight 3.077 g, maximum diameter 14.1 mm, die axis 180o, c. 5th - 6th century A.D.; obverse Menorah of seven branches, flanked by lulav on left and etrog on right; reverse PO∆A/NOY in two lines across field, palm frond above; ex CNG e-auction 435 (2 Jan 2019), lot 401; extremely rare; $1800.00 (1710.00)


Byzantine Empire, Nicephorus Basilacius, Usurper, Summer 1078 A.D., Anonymous Class N Follis

|Nicephorus| |Basilacius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Nicephorus| |Basilacius,| |Usurper,| |Summer| |1078| |A.D.,| |Anonymous| |Class| |N| |Follis||follis|
Until 1976 this type was regarded as anonymous (Class N) because neither of the two known specimens had a visible legend. In 1976, Grierson published a new specimen with a legend naming the ruler, Nicephorus (Grierson, P. "Nicephorus Bryennius or Nicephorus Basilacius?" in NumCirc LXXXIV.1 (January 1976), type a). There were two candidates, Nicephorus Bryennius and Nicephorus Basilacius, both usurpers, Bryennius in 1077 - 1078, and Basilacius in Thessalonica for a few months during 1078. In 1992, Roger Bland published an example with the legend on the obverse right side reading POCBAC, which has been accepted as proving this type was struck by Basilacius (Bland, R. "A Follis of Nicephorus Basilacius?" NC 1992, p. 175 ff. and pl. 36, B). Our coin has a different more complete but blundered and obscure inscription on the obverse right side.
BZ99035. Bronze follis, DOC III-2 p. 706, N.1 (anonymous class N follis); Grierson 1976, type a; Bland Basilacius pl. 36, B; SBCV 1903A (Ex. Rare); Sommer 58.1, F, uneven strike, overstruck with strong undertype effects, weight 5.863 g, maximum diameter 30.7 mm, Thessalonica (Salonika, Greece) mint, summer 1078 A.D.; obverse +NIKHΦW-POC BACIΛE (or similar), facing bust of Christ, nimbus cross with plain arms, wearing tunic and himation, right hand raised in blessing, Gospels in left, IC-XC flanking across field; reverse patriarchal cross on base; IC-XC / NI-KA (Jesus Christ conquers) in the quarters; from a Las Vegas dealer; extremely rare; $800.00 (760.00)


Byzantine Empire, Constantine X Ducas, 25 December 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.

|Constantine| |X|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Constantine| |X| |Ducas,| |25| |December| |1059| |-| |21| |May| |1067| |A.D.||histamenon| |nomisma|
About 1060 A.D. the Spanish Jew Benjamin of Tudela reported that Constantinople had merchant communities from Babylon, Canaan, Egypt, Hungary, Persia, Russia, Sennar, and Spain, as well as 2,000 Jews.
SH99272. Gold histamenon nomisma, DOC III-2 1a.; Wroth BMC 3; Morrisson BnF 51/Cp/AV/03; SBCV 1847; Sommer 52.1; Ratto 2010, gVF, flattened scyphate, flow lines, scratches, mild die wear, weight 4.194 g, maximum diameter 25.4 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 25 Dec 1059 - 21 May 1067 A.D.; obverse +IhS XPS REX REGNANTInm (Jesus Christ King of Kings), Christ seated facing on square-backed throne, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising hand in benediction, Gospels in left, double border; reverse +KWN RAC Λ O ∆OVKAC, Constantine standing facing on footstool, bearded, wearing crown, sakkos and loros, labarum with pellet on shaft in right hand, globus cruciger in left, double border; $700.00 (665.00)


Lot of 100 Bronze Ancient Trilobate Arrowheads, Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D.

|Metal| |Arrowheads|, |Lot| |of| |100| |Bronze| |Ancient| |Trilobate| |Arrowheads,| |Hellenistic| |-| |Byzantine,| |c.| |300| |B.C.| |-| |1000| |A.D.|
 
LT96894. Lot of 100 bronze trilobate arrowheads, mostly or all Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D., c. 12 - 28 mm, some complete and intact, some with chips or bends, unattributed to type, no tags, from the same larger lot as the arrowheads in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $450.00 (427.50)


Lot of 100 Bronze Ancient Trilobate Arrowheads, Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D.

|Metal| |Arrowheads|, |Lot| |of| |100| |Bronze| |Ancient| |Trilobate| |Arrowheads,| |Hellenistic| |-| |Byzantine,| |c.| |300| |B.C.| |-| |1000| |A.D.|
LT96895. Lot of 100 bronze trilobate arrowheads, mostly or all Hellenistic - Byzantine, c. 300 B.C. - 1000 A.D., c. 12 - 28 mm, some complete and intact, some with chips or bends, unattributed to type, no tags, from the same larger lot as the arrowheads in the photograph, as-is, no returns; $450.00 (427.50)


Byzantine Empire, Justin II, 15 November 565 - 5 October 578 A.D.

|Justin| |II|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Justin| |II,| |15| |November| |565| |-| |5| |October| |578| |A.D.||follis|
The cross between the heads of Justin and Sophia is very rare for the Constantinople mint folles. Wroth BMC, Morrisson BnF, Tolstoi, Ratto and Sommer do not list this variant. Sear remarks, "rarely, with cross between their hds." Dumbarton Oaks has only one specimen, DOC I 32b.2, year 7, B (2nd officina). There is only one specimen on Coin Archives, also year 7, B (2nd officina). For MIBEC 43f, Hahn and Metlich list the following years and officina:
Year 4, Γ (3rd officina), 1 spec. (Heraclian Hoard 24, staurogram reverse)
Year 4, E (5th officina), 2 spec.
Year 7, B (2nd officina), 1 spec. (DOC I 32b.2).
Year 9, B (2nd officina), 1 spec.
Year 10, A (1st officina), 1 spec.
Year 12, Γ (3rd officina), 2 spec.
BZ99094. Bronze follis, MIBEC 43f var. (only 2nd officina listed in year 9), SBCV 360 (rare), DOC I, BMC -, BnF -, Sommer, - Tolstoi -, Ratto -, Choice F, well centered, attractive dark patina with highlight earthen deposits, edge ragged with small splits, weight 13.267 g, maximum diameter 31.4 mm, die axis 0o, 1st officina, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 573 - 574 A.D.; obverse D N IVSTI-NVS P P AV, Justin II (on left) and Sophia (on right) seated side-by-side facing on a double throne, both are nimbate, he holds a globus cruciger, she holds a cruciform scepter, cross above between heads; reverse large M (40 nummi), cross above, A/N/N/O (year) in a column left, ςI/II (9) in two lines right, A (1st officina) below, CON (Constantinople) in exergue; from the Robert Wachter Collection, the obverse cross variation is very rare for this type and apparently unpublished for this year and officina; $360.00 (342.00)


Roman-Byzantine, Toiletry Grooming Set, 1st - 10th Century A.D.

|Toiletries| |&| |Grooming|, |Roman-Byzantine,| |Toiletry| |Grooming| |Set,| |1st| |-| |10th| |Century| |A.D.|
Copper and bronze toiletry kits from the ancient world have been found from the Indus Valley to Britain, dating as early as the 3rd millennium B.C. Very often, as is the case for this specimen, instruments are grouped together, secured by a wire ring. At the site of Kish, located upriver from Ur, and containing burials dating to the Early Dynastic Period (c. 2750 - 2600 B.C.), excavators have found kits in burials, most with three instruments: an ear scoop, a stiletto (pointed nail cleaner), and tweezers. Some included a small blade and some were in a case. In the past, these kits were often misdescribed as cosmetic kits and at one time archeologists used these kits to identify female burials, while knives and daggers were used to identify males. This has proven incorrect. At Kish in 33 burials with the sex confirmed by the skull or pelvis, 3 of 11 woman were buried with a knife or dagger, no toilet kits were found with females, and six toilet kits were found with the 22 males. (Torres-Rouff, C., W. Pestle, and B. Daverman. "Commemorating bodies and lives at Kish's 'A Cemetery': (Re)presenting social memory" in Journal of Social Archaeology 12(2), 21 May 2012, pp. 193-219.)
AS99710. Roman-Byzantine toiletry grooming set - an ear scoop, a stiletto (pointed nail cleaner), and tweezers, all on a bronze ring with hanger, Choice, green patina, weight 8.721 g, maximum diameter 91.5 mm, die axis 0o, 1st - 10th Century A.D.; $250.00 (237.50)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius & Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

|Heraclius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Heraclius| |&| |Heraclius| |Constantine,| |23| |January| |613| |-| |11| |January| |641| |A.D.||hexagram|
In 616, the Jews of Jerusalem gained complete control over the city, much of Judea and Galilee became an autonomous Jewish province of the Sasanian Persian Empire. The Jewish Temple was rebuilt by Nehemiah ben Hushiel (exilarch of Jerusalem) who establish a High Priesthood. In September 629 the Byzantines retook Jerusalem after 15 years of Persian occupation. In 630, Heraclius decreed that all Jews must become Christian; a massacre followed around Jerusalem and in Galilee, some survivors fled to the Dara'ah area.
BZ99096. Silver hexagram, DOC II-1 64, Wroth BMC 100, Morrisson BnF 10/Cp/AR/06, Tolstoi 216, Ratto 1390, Hahn MIB III 140, Sommer 11.47, SBCV 798, aVF, very broad flan toned, scratches, die wear, weight 6.432 g, maximum diameter 25.3 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. 615 - 638 A.D.; obverse dd NN hERACLIUS ET hERA CONSTI (Our lords, Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine), Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine enthroned facing, each holds globus cruciger, cross above; reverse dEUS AdIUTA ROmANIS (May God help the Romans), cross potent on globe above three steps, K right; from the Robert Wachter Collection; scarce; $180.00 (171.00)


Byzantine Empire, Heraclius and Heraclius Constantine, 23 January 613 - 11 January 641 A.D.

|Heraclius|, |Byzantine| |Empire,| |Heraclius| |and| |Heraclius| |Constantine,| |23| |January| |613| |-| |11| |January| |641| |A.D.||decanummium|
Heraclius offered peace to Khusro, presumably in 624, threatening otherwise to invade Persia, but Khusro rejected the offer. Heraclius marched into Persia with an army of probably less than 25,000 men, willingly abandoning any attempt to secure his rear or maintain lines of communication. Heraclius fought brilliantly and bravely repeatedly defeated the Persian forces. When the war ended in 628, Khusro had been murdered by his own men, the Byzantines regained all their lost territories, their captured soldiers, a war indemnity, and most importantly for them, the True Cross and other relics that were lost in Jerusalem in 614.
BZ93528. Bronze decanummium, Anastasi 61, DOC II-1 256 (not in collection), Ricotti 32 bis, Sommer 11.117, SBCV 886, Hahn MIB 241, Wroth -, Morrisson BnF -, Ratto -, Tolstoi -, VF, nicely centered reverse, green patina, weight 3.494 g, maximum diameter 14.9 mm, die axis 180o, Sicily, Catania mint, 624 - 625 A.D.; obverse facing busts of Heraclius on left, bearded, and Heraclius Constantine on right, beardless; both crowned, draped and cuirassed; cross between their heads; reverse large I (10 nummi), A/N/N/O (year) in column left, X/V (15) in two lines right, CAT in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $160.00 (152.00)


Duchy of Durazzo (Republic of Venice), 1205 - 1213, Imitative of Byzantine, Alexius I Tetarteron, 1093 - 1118

|Greece|, |Duchy| |of| |Durazzo| |(Republic| |of| |Venice),| |1205| |-| |1213,| |Imitative| |of| |Byzantine,| |Alexius| |I| |Tetarteron,| |1093| |-| |1118||tetarteron|
The Duchy of Durazzo was a short-lived overseas colony of the Republic of Venice, encompassing the port city of Durazzo (modern Durrs in Albania) and its environs. It was established in 1205, following the dissolution of the Byzantine Empire in the aftermath of the Fourth Crusade, and lasted until it was reclaimed by the Byzantine Despotate of Epirus in 1213.

The Durrs Hoard discovered in 1967, near the apse of the chapel of the amphitheater of Dyrrachion, included 862 ornamented cross-type copper coins imitative of tetartera of the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I Comnenus. Similar types to our imitative coin. Pagona Papadopoulou studied the hoard and concluded the coins were hidden in the chapel when the forces of Michael I Comnenus Ducas, the Despot of Epirus (1204-1215) attacked and put an end to the Venetian Duchy in 1214. She also studied many other finds of the type and concluded the coins were struck by the Venetians beginning shortly before or after 1204 A.D., probably at Corinth.
Durazzo
BZ99037. Bronze tetarteron, cf. Papadopoulou type IIa, Sommer 59.26.2; Hendy pl. 8, 11; for the prototype see DOC IV-1 40 (Byzantine, Alexius I, Thessalonica, 1093 - 1118 A.D.), aEF, green patina, crude, porous, weight 1.130 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 0o, Corinth (Greece) or Durazzo (Durrs, Albania) mint, 1203 - 1213 A.D.; obverse crude Maltese cross fourche with arms of equal length, no base, no X at center, globus and two pellets at the end of each arm, Φ - C / X - [?] in the angles; reverse no legend, barbarous half-length bust facing, bearded, wearing crown with pendilia and jeweled chlamys, cruciform scepter in right hand, globus cruciger with four-pellet cross in left hand, pellets left and right; from a Las Vegas dealer; rare; $160.00 (152.00)




  






REFERENCES|

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