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Home ▸ Catalog ▸ |Themes & Provenance| ▸ |Animals| ▸ |Bull or Cow||View Options:  |  |  | 

Cattle on Ancient Coins
Neapolis, Campania, Italy, c. 300 - 275 B.C.

|Italy|, |Neapolis,| |Campania,| |Italy,| |c.| |300| |-| |275| |B.C.||didrachm|
Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the second millennium B.C. The city was refounded as Neapolis in the sixth century B.C. and became an important hub of Magna Graecia, playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society. Naples remained influential under Rome and more so after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, serving as the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861.
SH95912. Silver didrachm, SNG BnF 749 - 753 (same dies), Sambon 477, SNG ANS 370, SNG Ashmolean 116, SNG Delepierre 153, de Luynes 166, HN Italy 579, HGC Italy 453 (S), aVF, centered on a tight flan, attractive old collection toning, marks, scratches, trace of inscribed circle from pre-strike flan on rev., test cut on edge, weight 6.697 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, die axis 45o, Neapolis (Naples, Italy) mint, c. 300 - 275 B.C.; obverse diademed head of nymph right, wearing triple-pendant earring, X (control letter) behind neck (unstruck); reverse man-faced bull walking right, head turned facing, Nike flying right above crowning bull with wreath, EYΞ (magistrate initials?) below, NEOΠOΛITΩN in exergue (off flan); from the Errett Bishop Collection; $550.00 (€506.00)
 


Kalchedon, Bithynia, c. Late 4th - 3rd Century B.C.

|Bithynia|, |Kalchedon,| |Bithynia,| |c.| |Late| |4th| |-| |3rd| |Century| |B.C.||AE| |13|
The position of Chalcedon, on the eastern shore of the Bosporus, was not as favorable as that of Byzantion on the opposite side. The Persian Megabazus (Herod. iv. 144) said the founders of Chalcedon must have been blind, for Chalcedon was settled seventeen years before Byzantium; and the settlers, we must suppose, had the choice of the two places.
GB93820. Bronze AE 13, SNG BM Black Sea 128; SNG Cop 356; Rec Gen p. 294, 19; SNGvA -; BMC Pontus -; AMNG -; Lindgren -, VF, mottled patina, a little rough, weight 2.411 g, maximum diameter 12.5 mm, die axis 270o, Kalchedon (Kadikoya District, Istanbul, Turkey) mint, c. late 4th - 3rd Century B.C.; obverse head and neck of bull left; reverse KAΛ in center of three ears of grain forming a triangle; from the Errett Bishop Collection; zero sales of this type listed on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $150.00 (€138.00)
 


Domitian, 13 September 81 - 18 September 96 A.D., Parion, Mysia(?)

|Parium|, |Domitian,| |13| |September| |81| |-| |18| |September| |96| |A.D.,| |Parion,| |Mysia(?)||AE| |15|
The attribution of this very rare type to Parium is uncertain. See RPC II p. 137.

The ceremonial founding of a new Roman colony included plowing a furrow, the pomerium, a sacred boundary, around the site of the new city.
RP94451. Bronze AE 15, RPC II Online 889 (12 spec.), SNGvA 6202, F, dark brown patina, light corrosion, tight flan, weight 3.575 g, maximum diameter 15.3 mm, die axis 0o, Parion, Mysia(?) mint, 13 Sep 81 - 18 Sep 96 A.D.; obverse DO-MIT AVG (clockwise from the upper right), laureate head left; reverse priest plowing right with two oxen, marking the pomerium (sacred boundary marked for the foundation of a new Roman colony), GERM in exergue; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $130.00 (€119.60)
 


Caria (Uncertain City), c. 460 - 440 B.C.

|Other| |Caria|, |Caria| |(Uncertain| |City),| |c.| |460| |-| |440| |B.C.||hemiobol|
Troxell notes that hoard provinces indicate this type was struck in Caria, however, the issuing city remains unknown. SNG Kayhan identifies the denomination as a Milesian standard tetartemorion. SNG Keckman lists it as a Persic hemiobol.
GS92103. Silver hemiobol, Troxell Carians 11C, SNG Keckman 913 ff.; cf. SNG Kayhan 968 ff. (no star), SNG Tüb 3329 (same), BMC Caria -, F/VF, obverse off center, light marks, light encrustations, weight 0.265 g, maximum diameter 6.9 mm, die axis 0o, Carian mint, c. 460 - 440 B.C.; obverse foreparts of two bulls confronted; reverse forepart of bull left, star below; ex Civitas Galleries; scarce; $120.00 (€110.40)
 


Caria (Uncertain City), c. 460 - 440 B.C.

|Other| |Caria|, |Caria| |(Uncertain| |City),| |c.| |460| |-| |440| |B.C.||hemiobol|
Troxell notes that hoard provinces indicate this type was struck in Caria, however, the issuing city remains unknown. SNG Kayhan identifies the denomination as a Milesian standard tetartemorion. SNG Keckman lists it as a Persic hemiobol.
GS89049. Silver hemiobol, Troxell Carians 11C, SNG Keckman 913 ff.; cf. SNG Kayhan 968 ff. (no star), SNG Tüb 3329 (same), VF, toned, light marks, obverse slightly off center, light marks, small edge crack, weight 0.340 g, maximum diameter 7.9 mm, die axis 180o, Carian mint, c. 460 - 440 B.C.; obverse foreparts of two bulls confronted; reverse forepart of bull left, star below; ex Forum (2014); scarce; $85.00 (€78.20)
 


Magnesia ad Maeandrum, Ionia, c. 400 - 350 B.C.

|Magnesia| |ad| |Meandrum|, |Magnesia| |ad| |Maeandrum,| |Ionia,| |c.| |400| |-| |350| |B.C.||tetartemorion|
Magnesia ad Maeandrum was an inland city of Ionia, located on a small tributary of the Maeander River about 12 miles southeast of Ephesus. "..the temple of Artemis Leukophryene, which in the size of its shrine and in the number of its votive offerings is inferior to the temple at Ephesos, but in the harmony and skill shown in the structure of the sacred enclosure is far superior to it. And in size it surpasses all the sacred enclosures in Asia except two, that at Ephesos (to Artemis) and that at Didymoi (to Apollo)" -- Strabo, Geography 14. 1. 40.
GB96769. Silver tetartemorion, SNG Kayhan 399 var. (no ethnic on rev.), BMC Ionia-, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, SNG Tüb -, SNG Mün -, Winterthur -, Klein -, Weber -, VF, toned, a little rough, small edge split, weight 0.189 g, maximum diameter 6.2 mm, die axis 0o, Magnesia ad Maeandrum (near Tekin, Turkey) mint, c. 400 - 350 B.C.; obverse head of Apollo right, hair in curls, M-A (start of ethnic) flanking neck; reverse bull butting right, ΓNH (ending of ethnic) above, maeander pattern below exergue line; scarce; $80.00 (€73.60)
 


Pergamon, Mysia, c. 310 - 284 B.C.

|Pergamon|, |Pergamon,| |Mysia,| |c.| |310| |-| |284| |B.C.||AE| |16|
Pergamon, Mysia was located to the northwest of the modern city of Bergama, Turkey, 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the Caicus (Bakircay) River. It was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon under the Attalid dynasty, 281-133 B.C. Pergamon is cited in the book of Revelation as one of the seven churches of Asia.
GB95289. Bronze AE 16, SNG BnF 1568 ff., SNG Cop 331 var. (ethnic below), SNGvA -, BMC Mysia -, F, green patina, scratches, porosity, pitting, encrustations, weight 3.864 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 90o, Pergamon (Bergama, Turkey) mint, c. 310 - 284 B.C.; obverse head of Athena right, wearing crested Corinthian helmet; reverse head and neck of bull right, monogram right, ΠEPΓA above, thunderbolt below; $50.00 (€46.00)
 







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REFERENCES|

Molinari, N.J. & N. Sisci. Potamikon: Sinews of Acheloios. A Comprehensive Catalog of the Bronze Coinage of the Man-Faced Bull, With Essays on Origin and Identity. (Oxford, 2016).

Catalog current as of Saturday, April 17, 2021.
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