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Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453
NEW In 1422, the year old king of England inherited the French throne from his mad grandfather Charles VI of France; the iconography of this type represents the unification of the two nations. Ten years later Joan of Arc would make an appearance which would eventually loosen the English grip on France until by 1436 only Normandy and part of Maine remained in Henry's control.ME96059. Silver grand blanc aux écus, Elias 290a (RR), Duplessy 445, Ciani 602, Lafaurie 449, SCBC-SII 8166; rose mint mark (type II), F, dark patina, weight 2.709 g, maximum diameter 28.5 mm, die axis 180o, Troyes mint, 23 Nov 1422 - 1429; obverse (rose mm) FRANCORVm: ET: ANGLIE: REX (King of France and England), shields of France (on left) and England (on right), side by side, hERICVS above; reverse (rose mm) SIT: nOmEN: DnI: BENEDICTV (Blessed be the name of the Lord), Latin cross, fleur-de-lis to left, leopard left on right, hERICVS on a line below; ex Gordon Andreas Singer (17 Aug 1990), ex Peter Woodhead; very rare; $360.00 (€331.20)
Anglo-Gallic, Henry VI de Lancastre, King of France and England, 1422 - 1453
NEW Henry VI was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453. The only child of Henry V, he succeeded to the English throne at the age of nine months upon his father's death, and succeeded to the French throne on the death of his grandfather, Charles VI, shortly afterwards. He is the only English monarch to also have been crowned King of France, as Henry II, in 1431.ME95906. Silver petit blanc, Elias 297a (R), SCBC-SII 8167, Duplessy I 446, Ciani 603, Lafaurie 450, leopard mintmark, aVF, dark toning, ink catalog marking on reverse, weight 1.260 g, maximum diameter 22.4270 mm, die axis 270o, Rouen mint, 1423 - 1449; obverse (leopard) HEN-RICVS: - REX (King Henry, triple pellet stop), shields of France (on left) and England (on right), side by side; reverse (leopard) SIT: nOmE: DnI: BEHEDICV' (Blessed be the name of the Lord, triple pellet stops), Latin cross, h left, R right; rare; $190.00 (€174.80)
France, Louis XIV the Sun King, 1643 - 1715
NEW Under Louis XIV, the Sun King, France reached the apogee of its power. His reign began at age four and lasted seventy-two years, three months, and eighteen days; one of the longest of any European monarch. He fought three major wars: the Franco-Dutch War, the War of the League of Augsburg, and the War of the Spanish Succession. Louis converted a hunting lodge into the spectacular Palace of Versailles, and by compelling the noble elite to inhabit his lavish palace, he pacified the aristocracy and eliminated the remnants of feudalism. He consolidated a system of absolute monarchical rule in France that endured until the French Revolution.WO95907. Silver demi-écu aux huit L, Duplessy 1515A (1690D), Ciani 1890, SCWC KM 273.3, gF/aVF, toned, scratches, weight 12.950 g, maximum diameter 33.9 mm, die axis 180o, Lyon (D) mint, 1st reformation (rev. star), 1690; obverse LVD•XIIII•D•G (sun) FR•ET•NAV•REX• (Louis XIV, by the grace of God, king of France and Navarre), draped, bare-headed bust right, D 1690 • below; reverse CHRS REGN VINC IMP * (Christus regnat vincit imperat: Christ reigns, conquers, and commands), cross of eight L's with crown at each end, D (mintmark) in circle at center, fleur-de-lis in each angle; $300.00 (€276.00)
Anglo-Gallic, Edward II, 1307 - 1326
NEW Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in the evolution of the English parliament, the ravages of the Black Death and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. He remained on the throne for 50 years.
The outer obverse legend abbreviates, "BENEDICTUM SIT NOMEN DOMINI NOSTRI," which means, "Blessed be the name of our Lord."ME95908. Silver maille blanche Hibernie, Elias 32, Duplessy Féodales 1049, Poey d'Avant 2864, SCBC-SII 8026; double annulet stops, gVF, light toning, weight 1.798 g, maximum diameter 22.2 mm, die axis 0o, Aquitaine mint, 1326; obverse inner legend: + ED' : REX AnGLIE (Edward King of England); outer legend: + BnDICTV : SIT : nOmE : DnI : nRI (Blessed be the name of the Lord), short cross pattée; reverse + DnS : hIBERnIE (Lord of Ireland), châtel tournois with two turreted towers, three pellets over gateway, and topped with a cross pattée, three pellets in a triangle below; all within tressure of arches containing twelve leaves; $380.00 (€349.60)
England, Edward III, 1327 - 1377
NEW Edward III transformed the Kingdom of England into one of the most efficient military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in the evolution of the English parliament, the ravages of the Black Death and the beginning of the Hundred Years' War. He remained on the throne for 50 years.ME96058. Silver groat, North 1194, Spink 1570, gF, toned, edge split, weight 4.309 g, maximum diameter 28.1 mm, die axis 225o, fourth coinage, London mint, pre-treaty period, 1356 - 1361; obverse + EDWARD D G REX AnGL Z FRANC D hYB (Edward by the Grace of God King of England and France, Lord of Ireland), crowned facing bust, within tressure of arches, with trefoils in spandrels except at top; reverse + POSVI DEVm A DIVTOR Em mEV (I have made God my helper), CIVITAS LONDON (City of London), long cross with trefoil of pellets in each angle; $160.00 (€147.20)
Lot of 2 Coins, England, Edward I Longshanks, 1272 - 1307
NEW Elias identifies this type as probably the "moneta nova" of the currency reform of 1291, and perhaps struck until 1294. The Bordeaux mint closed in 1294 due to war activity and did not reopen until 1305.
Known as Edward Longshanks for his height of 6 ft. 2 in., and sometimes as the "Hammer of the Scots." Edward was ruthless in pursuing his aims and crushing those who opposed him. He conquered large parts of Wales and almost succeeding in doing the same to Scotland.ME95904. Silver denier au leopard, Elias 18, Duplessy Féodales 1042, Poey d'Avant 2775, SCBC-SII 8018; 0.793 and 0.931g, 18.7mm, F-gF, both coins, Burdigala (Bordeaux, France) mint, c. 1291 - 1294; obverse + EDVARDVS REX (King Edward), leopard passant left above upper horizontal line, AGL (England) between two horizontal lines, E below lower horizontal line, all within inner circle; reverse + DVX AQIT BVRD (Duke of Aquitaine, Burdigala), cross pattée, within inner circle, E in the upper left (1st) quarter; $190.00 (€174.80)
France, John II the Good, 1350 - 1364 A.D.
NEW When John II the Good (French: Jean le Bon) came to power, France faced many disasters: the Black Death killed nearly half its population, there were popular revolts, unemployed mercenaries plundered the country, and losses to the English, including the Battle of Poitiers of 1356, in which John was captured. While John was a prisoner in London, his son Charles had to suppress several rebellions. To liberate his father, in 1360 Charles concluded the Treaty of Brétigny, by which France surrendered territory and promised to pay an enormous ransom. In an exchange of hostages, including his son Louis, John was released from captivity to raise funds for his ransom. Upon his return in France, he created the franc to stabilize the currency. John tried to get rid of the mercenaries by sending them on a crusade, but Pope Innocent VI died shortly before their planned meeting in Avignon. After his son Louis escaped from captivity, John shocked and dismayed his people by announcing that for "good faith and honor" he would voluntarily return to captivity in England. John was greeted in London in 1364 with parades and feasts, however, a few months after his arrival he fell ill with an unknown malady and died. His body was returned to France, where he was interred in the royal chambers at Saint Denis Basilica. He was succeeded by his son Charles V.ME95905. Silver Gros à la couronne, Duplessy 305, Ciani 397, Roberts 2624, Lafaurie I 308, F, toning, weight 3.705 g, maximum diameter 31.3 mm, die axis 300o, 22 Aug - 30 Oct 1358; obverse outer legend: + BNDICTV: SIT: nOmE: DnI: nRI: DEI: IhV: XPI (the name of our Lord Jesus Christ be blessed), inner legend: + IOhAnnES DEI : GRA (John by the Grace of God, two flowers legend break); cross fleury, base dividing inner legend; reverse crown, FRANCO / RV : REX in two lines below crown (three pellet within annulet inscription break), border of twelve lis within annulets; ex Gordon Andreas Singer; $340.00 (€312.80)
Lydian Kingdom, Kroisos, c. 561 - 546 B.C.
NEW The Lydian King Croesus minted the first silver and gold coins. He was famous for his extraordinary wealth, but after his defeat by Cyrus in 546 B.C. Lydia became a Persian satrapy. The Persian conquerors of Lydia continued to strike the same Croesus' silver half siglos and gold stater types. This coin is an early example issued under Croesus. We can tell it is an early example because the lion and the bull were struck separately, with one punch at a time. Later examples appear to have been struck with single punch only made to look like two separate punches.SH96818. Silver siglos (half-stater), BMC Lydia p. 7, 45, pl. 1, 18; SNG Cop 456; SNG Kayhan 1024; SNG Ashmolean 762; SNGvA 2877; Rosen 663; SGCV II 3420, gF, scratches, polished, weight 5.209 g, maximum diameter 15.2 mm, probably Sardes (Sart, Turkey) mint, c. 561 - 546 B.C.; obverse on the left, forepart of a roaring lion right, confronting, on the right, the forepart of a bull left, pellet above lion's head; reverse two incuse square punches, of unequal size, side by side; ex Numismatic Fine Arts mail bid sale (18 Dec 1987), lot 362; $900.00 (€828.00)
Aegina, Saronic Islands, Greece, c. 525 - 485 B.C.
NEW The turtle coin type is considered a "must have" by many ancient coin collectors because Aegina was probably the first place in Europe to issue coinage.SH96820. Silver stater, Meadows Aegina group IIb; Asyut group IVb; BMC Attica p. 127, 10; SNG Delepierre 1509; SNG Mün 532; Dewing 1657; HGC 6 429 (S); SNG Cop -, F, tight flan, reverse off center, marks and scratches, porosity, weight 11.268 g, maximum diameter 19.1 mm, Aigina mint, c. 525 - 485 B.C.; obverse sea-tortoise (Chelone Caouana) or common loggerhead turtle of the Mediterranean, narrow collar at the top and row of six dots down the middle the ridge of the shell; reverse square divided by wide bands into eight triangular compartments, every other compartment a deep incuse (mill sail pattern); scarce; $900.00 (€828.00)
Macedonia Prima Merida (First Region), Roman Dependent Republic, c. 168 - 148 B.C.
NEW The monograms appear as (above) - (lower left) - (lower right). In 168 B.C., Rome split Macedonia into four republics which nominally managed their own internal affairs but were denied the right to make external agreements. The Prima Merida (1st region), with its capital at Amphipolis, included the area between the Strymonas and Nestos rivers, up to the eastern lands of Nestos, without the towns of Aenos, Maroneia and Avdera.SH96813. Silver tetradrachm, Prokopov Silver, group 2A, 426 (O85/R322); AMNG III/2 178, BMC Macedonia p. 8, 8 var. (monogram); SNG Ash 3299 var. (same), SNG Cop 1315 var. (same), VF, well centered, toned, scratches, bumps, porosity, edge chips, weight 15.693 g, maximum diameter 29.7 mm, die axis 0o, Amphipolis mint, c. 158 - 148 B.C.; obverse Macedonian shield (the whole obverse represents a shield) with bust of mature Artemis Tauropolos (Diana to the Romans) at the center facing right, bow and quiver at her shoulder; reverse MAKE∆ONΩN / ΠPΩTHΣ (First Macedonia) above and below club, ΣHY∆P monogram above, TKP monogram below left, MYTE monogram bottom right, all within oak wreath, vertical thunderbolt outer left; $350.00 (€322.00)
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