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Philip I the Arab, February 244 - End of September 249 A.D.
RIC and RSC list this type with the reverse legend ending AVGG and note that Cohen describes it as ending AVG in error. Cohen does list this reverse from Antioch, but with a bust left. While the AVG ending is rare, we do know of other examples. RS92350. Silver antoninianus, SRCV III 8917, Tulln Hoard 894, Óvári 7A, Bland 16 (29 spec.), Cohen V 9, RIC IV 82 var. (bust l.); RSC IV 8 var. (same), Hunter III -, EF, excellent portrait, some mint luster, well centered, uneven strike resulting in parts of legends weak, flow lines, tiny edge cracks, weight 4.569 g, maximum diameter 23.5 mm, die axis 180o, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, mid - end 247 A.D.; obverse IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse AEQVITAS AVG (equity of the emperor), Aequitas standing half left, scales in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; rare; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00
Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
Arcadius inherited the eastern empire while his brother Honorius received the west. He inherited none of his father's skills and was under the influence Praetorian prefects and other advisers, including Empress Eudoxia. His greatest personal accomplishment was beautiful handwriting. RL88821. Bronze maiorina, RIC IX Cyzicus 27(b)2, DOCLR 171, LRBC II 2572, SRCV V 20795, Hunter V 43 var. (1st officina), aVF, well centered on a ragged flan with edge splits, brown tone, light corrosion, weight 4.953 g, maximum diameter 23.0 mm, die axis 180o, 2nd officina, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 15 May 392 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), emperor standing facing, head right, standard in right hand, globe in left hand, SMKB in exergue; $28.00 (€24.64)
Marcian, 24 August 450 - 31 January 457 A.D.
Marcian laid out many legal reforms in his five novels, or codes of law, many of which were targeted at reducing the corruption and abuses of office that existed during the reign of Theodosius. Marcian decreed that anyone who performed pagan rites would lose their property and be condemned to death, and that no pagan temples, which had previously been closed, could be re-opened. He repealed a marriage law enacted by Constantine I, which decreed that a man of senatorial status could not marry a slave, freedwoman, actress, or woman of no social status (humilis), in an attempt to preserve the purity of the senatorial class. Marcian adjusted this law by declaring that the law should not exclude a woman of good character, regardless of her social status or wealth. He banned the export of weapons, and tools used to manufacture them, to barbarian tribes. In order to ensure his laws were implemented, he set a penalty of 50 pounds (23 kg) of gold for any judge, governor, or official who did not enforce the law. RL91321. Bronze half centenionalis, RIC X Marcian 561 (R), LRBC II 2609, SRCV V 21398, Hahn MIB 33, DOCLR -, Hunter V -, aF, well centered on a typical tight flan, part of legend not struck/off flan, encrustations, corrosion, weight 1.078 g, maximum diameter 10.1 mm, die axis 180o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 453 - 457 A.D.; obverse D N MARCINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse Marcian's monogram (RIC monogram 1) , in wreath, CYZ in exergue; rare; $50.00 (€44.00)
Trebonianus Gallus, June or July 251 - July or August 253 A.D.
In 251 A.D., a fifteen-year plague began in the Roman Empire. In Roman Coins and Their Values III, David Sear notes, "This unusual reverse type doubtless represents an appeal to the god of healing for deliverance from the pestilence which was afflicting Rome." RS91605. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 32 (S), RSC IV 20, SRCV III 9627, Hunter III -, VF/F, toned, flow lines, porous, frosty surfaces, weight 3.207 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, c. 252 A.D.; obverse IMP CAE C VIB TREB GALLVS AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right, from behind; reverse APOLL SALVTARI (Apollo the Healer), Apollo standing left, nude, laurel branch in right hand, leaning with left on lyre set on rock; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection, ex Numismatique Archeologie, M. Platt (Paris); scarce; $90.00 (€79.20)
Aemilian, July or August - October 253 A.D.
Victoria or Nike, the Winged Goddess of Victory, personifies victory. She was described variously in different myths as the daughter of the Titan Pallas and the goddess Styx, and the sister of Kratos (Strength), Bia (Force), and Zelus (Zeal). Nike and her siblings were close companions of Zeus. According to classical (later) myth, Styx brought them to Zeus when the god was assembling allies for the Titan War. Nike assumed the role of the divine charioteer, a role in which she often is portrayed in Classical Greek art. Nike flew around battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame, symbolized by a wreath of laurel leaves. RS91607. Silver antoninianus, RIC IV 11 (R), RSC IV 53, SRCV III 9846, Hunter - (p. cxi), VF, toned, nice portrait, flow lines, die wear, slightly ragged flan edge with small splits, weight 3.375 g, maximum diameter 21.9 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 253 A.D.; obverse IMP AEMILIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, radiate, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse VICTORIA AVG (the victory of the Emperor), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; rare; $160.00 (€140.80)
Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.
The Notitia Dignitatum shows the development of forces in the Roman Empire. When this coin was struck 200,000 soldiers guarded the borders, and a reserve force of 50,000 was available for deployment. Many of the soldiers were from Germanic tribes: Alamanni, Franks, Goths, Saxons and Vandals. In the winter of 394 the Huns cross the frozen Danube and destroyed the villages built by resettled Goths. Regardless of the force size available, Theodosius I, six hundred miles away in Italy, did not send reinforcements to defend the northern frontier. RL91666. Bronze centenionalis, RIC IX Cyzicus 29(c), DOCLR 703 - 705, LRBC II 2576, SRCV V 20998, Cohen VIII 23, F, centered on a tight flan, scratches, porous, weight 1.784 g, maximum diameter 16.1 mm, die axis 0o, Cyzicus (Kapu Dagh, Turkey) mint, 23 Jan 393 - 17 Jan 395 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), Honorius on horseback right, raising right hand, reins in left hand, SMK[...] in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $40.00 (€35.20)
Arcadius, 19 January 383 - 1 May 408 A.D.
The reverse description is our best guess. It is obscure and could be another type. RL91667. Bronze half centenionalis, cf. RIC IX Thessalonica 65(c), VF/Fair, brown tone, obverse off center, reverse obscure due to poor strike, small edge cracks, weight 1.260 g, maximum diameter 12.9 mm, Thessalonica(?) mint, 28 Aug 388 - spring 393; obverse D N ARCADIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SALVS REIPVBLICAE (health of the Republic), Victory walking left, head right, trophy of captured arms over shoulder in right hand, dragging captive with left hand, TES...(?) in exergue; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $18.00 (€15.84)
Byzantine Anonymous Follis of Christ, Class I, Nicephorus III, 7 January 1078 - 1 April 1081
The emperor's name and portrait are not part of the design on the Byzantine types referred to as anonymous folles. Instead of the earthly king, these coins depict Jesus Christ, King of Kings. ME91704. Bronze anonymous follis, Anonymous follis of Christ, DOC III-2, class I; SBCV 1889, aF, dark patina, bumps, scratches, light corrosion, earthen deposits, weight 3.099 g, maximum diameter 21.1 mm, die axis 180o, Constantinople (Istanbul, Turkey) mint, 7 Jan 1078 - 1 Apr 1081; obverse Christ bust facing, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium, and colobium, raising right in benediction, gospels in left, IC - XC (Greek abbreviation: Ihsoús Xristós - Jesus Christ) across field; reverse Latin cross with X at center, globule and two pellets at each extremity, floral ornaments in lower fields, crescents in upper fields; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $36.00 (€31.68)
Solothurn, Switzerland, 15th Century
In 1481, Solothurn obtained full membership in the Swiss Confederation. ME91707. Silver angster, Neuer HMZ p.191, 1-456, VF, toned, edge crack, edge split, weight 0.313 g, maximum diameter 18.1 mm, Solothurn mint, 15th century; obverse facing bust of St. Ursus (patron saint of Solothurn), wearing a hood, three pellets above, S-O flanking; reverse incuse of the obverse; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $80.00 (€70.40)
Honorius, 23 January 393 - 15 August 423 A.D.
The three emperors are Arcadius, Honorius and Theodosius II. Theodosius II, Arcadius' son, is the smaller junior emperor in the center. RL92090. Bronze centenionalis, RIC X Arcadius 153, DOCLR 774, LRBC II 2802, SRCV V 21011, Cohen VIII 28, Hunter V 44 var. (4th officina), Nice VF, attractive near black patina with red earthen highlighting, well centered on a tight irregularly shaped flan, weight 2.325 g, maximum diameter 16.4 mm, die axis 180o, 3rd officina, Antioch (Antakya, Turkey) mint, 406 - 1 May 408 A.D.; obverse D N HONORIVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, star left; reverse GLORIA ROMANORVM (glory of the Romans), three emperors stand facing, two outer taller with heads toward center, holding spear and resting hand on shield, center holds spear in right and globe in left hand, ANTΓ in exergue; ex Dmitry Markov Coins and Medals; $110.00 (€96.80)
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