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Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Edessa(?), Mesopotamia

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This coin is from of a series of rare drachms with portraits of Marcus Aurelius, Faustina II, Lucius Verus, and Lucilla, along with a small bronze of Commodus, struck in Mesopotamia, c. 165 A.D. The series commemorated the Roman victory, as this coin does with the reverse legend VΠEP NIKHC RΩMAIΩN. All have Roma reverse types, but for many, like this coin, the goddess intended and her attributes are uncertain. They were most likely struck at Edessa, but Carrhae or another mint is possible. All the types are very rare. This is the only example of this variety known to FORVM and the only coin known to Forum from this series with obverse legend ending in APM (Armeniacus - victor over the Armenians).
RS94121. Silver drachm, unpublished variety, cf. BMC Arabia p. 137, 3 and pl. XIX, 7 (AVT K M AV...NTΩNIN...), RPC online IV.3 T10747 (...ANTΩNINOC CEB), aF, toned, slightly off center, legend not fully struck, scratches, edge split, weight 2.561 g, maximum diameter 16.8 mm, die axis 0o, Mesopotamia, Edessa(?) mint, c. 165 A.D.; obverse AVTO K M AVPHΛ ANTΩNINOC APM, bare-headed, bearded bust right, drapery on shoulder; reverse VΠEP NIKHC RΩMAIΩN (for the victory of the Romans), goddess standing facing, head left, wearing tunic and mantle, globe or apple in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; extremely rare and possibly unique - the only specimen with this obverse legend known to FORVM; $240.00 SALE |PRICE| $216.00


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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The Temple of Apollo Palatinus, on the Palatine Hill, was dedicated by Octavian on 9 Oct 28 B.C., fulfilling vows made for his victories over Sextus Pompeius, Mark Antony and Cleopatra. Ancient sources say, it was built where lightning had struck, Augustus' private house was directly connected to its terrace, the temple had ivory doors, and it held numerous works of sculpture. The remains were excavated in the 1960s.

Commodus dedicated this coin to Apollo, the god of medicine, in hopes that he would end a dreadful plaque raging in Rome. At the height of the plague, two thousand victims were dying each day. Apollo apparently did his job as no one in Rome died from this plague today.
RS94126. Silver denarius, Szaivert MIR 18 p. 165, 805; RIC III 197 (S) var. (obv. leg.); RSC II 30 var. (same); cf. BMCRE IV 271 (aureus); Hunter II - (p. clv), Nice F, nice portrait, toned, centered on an irregularly shaped flan, flow lines, edge splits and cracks, weight 2.095 g, maximum diameter 18.7 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 189 A.D.; obverse M COMM ANT P FEL AVG BRIT P P, laureate head right; reverse APOLLINI PALATINO, Apollo Palatinus standing facing, head right, laureate and wearing long robe, plectrum in right hand, lyre resting on a column in left hand; there were only two specimens of this type in the Reka Devnia Hoard, and no sales of the type in the last two decades; extremely rare; $135.00 SALE |PRICE| $120.00


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D.

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On June 11, 173, during the Marcomannic Wars (166Ė180), the Roman army in Moravia was outnumbered and surrounded by the Quadi, suffering from the extreme heat, out of water, and on the verge of defeat. Dio writes, "many clouds gathered and a mighty rain, not without divine interposition, burst upon them...when the rain poured down, at first all turned their faces upwards and received the water in their mouths; then some held out their shields and some their helmets to catch it, and they not only took deep draughts themselves but also gave their horses to drink...while those on the one side were being drenched and drinking, the others [Quadi] were being consumed by fire [lightning] and dying." The Romans were soon victorious. Marcus was saluted imperator for the seventh time and the "miracle of the rain" was memorialized on Marcus Aurelius' column. In 174, Marcus Aurelius officially conferred the title Fulminata (Thundering) to the Legio XII Fulminata.Miracle_in_the_Rain

RS94127. Silver denarius, RIC III 273, RSC II 261, BMCRE IV 571, SRCV II 4906, Hunter II -, aVF, centered, toned, flow lines, etched porous surfaces, edge cracks, weight 2.831 g, maximum diameter 18.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Dec 172 - Dec 173 A.D.; obverse M ANTONINVS AVG TR P XXVII, laureate head right; reverse IMP VI COS III, Victory walking right, raising wreath in extended right hand, palm frond in left hand over left shoulder; $110.00 SALE |PRICE| $99.00


Commodus, March or April 177 - 31 December 192 A.D.

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This type commemorates Commodus' accession largesse for the beginning of his sole reign. Liberality holds in her right hand a counting board on which are cut a certain number of holes. These boards were used to quickly count the proper number of coins or other items for distribution to each person. It appears they were held over a container, covered with coins and the excess swept away back into the container. The proper number of coins would fill the holes and then would be dumped out to the recipient. On coins, this symbol indicated the prince had given to the people money, grain, or other articles of consumption. In her left hand Liberalitas holds a cornucopia to indicate the abundance of wheat contained in the public graineries.
RS94128. Silver denarius, BMCRE IV 70, RSC II 311, Hunter II 11, RIC III 36, SRCV II 5655, VF, nice portrait, well centered, flow lines, light scratches, reverse die wear, edge cracks, weight 2.927 g, maximum diameter 18.8 mm, die axis 0o, Rome mint, Dec 181 - Dec 182 A.D.; obverse M COMMODVS ANTONINVS AVG, laureate and cuirassed bust right, with slight beard, seen from behind; reverse LIB AVG V TR P VII IMP IIII COS III P P, Liberalitas standing slightly left, holding up coin counting board in right hand, cornucopia in left hand; $120.00 SALE |PRICE| $108.00


Marcus Aurelius, 7 March 161 - 17 March 180 A.D., Koinon of Macedonia

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The Macedonian Koinon (community) was the political organization governing the autonomous Roman province of Macedonia and responsible for issuing coinage. Member cities sent representatives to participate in the popular assembly. The Koinon held celebrations and games annually at Beroea (modern Verria) in honor of Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor.
RP94131. Bronze AE 21, RPC Online IV.1 T4272 (5 spec.), AMNG III 267, BMC Macedonia -, SNG Cop -, VF, black patina, centered, tight flan cutting off tops of some letters, scattered light corrosion, central depression on reverse, weight 6.120 g, maximum diameter 21.0 mm, die axis 0o, Thessalonica(?) mint, as caesar, 147 - 161 A.D.; obverse KAICAP AVPHΛIOC, bare-headed, draped, and cuirassed bust right, seen from behind; reverse KOINΩN MAKE∆ONΩN, Macedonian shield; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; very rare; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Nerva, 18 September 96 - 25 January 98 A.D.

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The augur was an official and priest, whose main role was to interpret the will of the gods by studying the flight of birds: whether they are flying in groups or alone, what noises they make as they fly, direction of flight and what kind of birds they are. This was known as "taking the auspices." The ceremony and function of the augur was central to any major undertaking in Roman society, public or private, including matters of war, commerce, and religion. The Roman historian Livy stresses the importance of the augurs: "Who does not know that this city was founded only after taking the auspices; that everything in war and in peace, at home and abroad, was done only after taking the auspices?"
RS92415. Silver denarius, RIC II 24, RSC II 48, BMCRE III 33, BnF III 24, Hunter I 15, SRCV II 3023, aVF, toned, well centered, scratches, small edge chip, weight 2.672 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, Jan - Sep 97 A.D.; obverse IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR POT, laureate head right; reverse COS III PATER PATRIAE, implements of the augurate and pontificate: simpulum (ladle), aspergillum (sprinkler), ewer (jug) and lituus (augural wand); from the Errett Bishop Collection; $130.00 SALE |PRICE| $117.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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Dacia kneeling before Rome! After his defeat in 101 A.D., King Decebalus complied with Rome for a time but then incited the tribes to pillage Roman colonies across the Danube. Trajan marched into Dacia in 105 A.D. After defeating the surrounding mountain fortresses, in 106 A.D. Trajan besieged Sarmizegetusa, the Dacian capital. With the aid of a Dacian traitor, the Romans found and destroyed water pipes supplying the city. Running out of water and food the city fell and was burned to the ground. Decebalus fled but, followed by the Roman cavalry, committed suicide rather than face capture. The Romans found Decebalus' treasure, estimated at 165,500 kg of gold and 331,000 kg of silver, in the river of Sargesia.
RB92416. Orichalcum sestertius, Woytek 250c-1, RIC II 485, BMCRE III 774, Strack I 371, SRCV II 3194 var. (same), Hunter II 270 var. (same), F/aF, nice portrait, some legend weak, bumps and scratches, porosity, weight 23.760 g, maximum diameter 33.1 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 104 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, aegis on far shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Roma standing slightly left, head left, wearing crested helmet and military dress, Victory in right hand, spear vertical behind in left hand; small Dacian at her feet on left, kneeling right and raising hand in supplication; S - C (senatus consulto) flanking across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; scarce; $160.00 SALE |PRICE| $144.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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In 105, Trajan left with the Imperial Roman fleet from Brundusium, in Apulia, to begin the second expedition against Dacia. In 106, he first conquered the Dacian fortresses in the Orastie Mountains, then defeated the Dacians in the Battle of Sarmizegetusa. After the Romans encircled the city and destroyed the water supply pipes, king Decebalus fled and committed suicide. On 11 August 106, the south-eastern part of Dacia (modern Romania) became a Roman province.
RB92417. Copper as, Woytek 209b, Hunter II 307, Cohen II 509, Strack I 360, SRCV II 3234, RIC II 540 var. (aegis), BnF IV 638 var. (aegis), BMCRE III 942 var. (aegis), F, centered on a tight flan, areas of corrosion, weight 10.944 g, maximum diameter 26.6 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 104 - 107 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVAE TRAIANO AVG GER DAC P M TR P COS V P P, laureate bust right, aegis on left shoulder; reverse S P Q R OPTIMO PRINCIPI, Trajan in military dress on horseback right, thrusting spear at falling Dacian warrior trampled under fore-hooves, S C (senatus consulto) in exergue; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $100.00 SALE |PRICE| $90.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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In 99 A.D., Trajan returned to Rome after inspecting the Roman legions along the Rhine and Danube frontiers. In Rome, he received emissaries from the Kushan empire.
RB92418. Copper as, Woytek 61b, Hunter II 219, BnF IV 68, RIC II 402, Strack 319, Cohen II 617, BMCRE III 727 var. (no drapery), cf. SRCV II 3242 (COS III), VF, a little rough, scratches, areas of corrosion, weight 10.801 g, maximum diameter 27.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, autumn 98 - Oct(?) 99 A.D.; obverse IMP CAES NERVA TRAIAN AVG GERM P M, laureate head right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse TR POT COS II P P, Victory flying left, shield inscribed S P / Q R (Senatus Populusque Romanus - The Senate and the Roman People) in two lines in right hand, palm frond in left hand, S - C (senatus consulto - [minted] with permission of the Senate) divided across field; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $70.00 SALE |PRICE| $63.00


Trajan, 25 January 98 - 8 or 9 August 117 A.D.

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Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian. He was the father of Romulus and Remus, the legendary founders of Rome. In early Rome, he was second in importance only to Jupiter, and the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army. Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began and ended the season for military campaigning and farming.
RS92419. Silver denarius, Woytek 265b, RIC II 114, RSC II 63, SRCV II 3119, BMCRE III 265, Strack I 124, Hunter II - (p. xxxvii), aVF, well centered, toned, scratches, bumps, punch on reverse, weight 3.255 g, maximum diameter 18.5 mm, die axis 180o, Rome mint, 107 - 111 A.D.; obverse IMP TRAIANO AVG GER DAC PM TR P P, laureate bust right, slight drapery on left shoulder; reverse COS V PP SPQR OPTIMO PRINC, Mars walking left, in military garb, Victory in right, trophy in left; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 SALE |PRICE| $72.00




  







Catalog current as of Monday, January 27, 2020.
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