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Malaka, Punic Iberia, 175 - 91 B.C.

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Phoenicians from Tyre founded Malaka (Málaga, Spain today) about 770 B.C. The name was probably derived from the Phoenician word for "salt" because fish was salted near the harbor. After a period of Carthaginian rule, Malaka became part of the Roman Empire. The Roman city enjoyed remarkable development under a special law, the Lex Flavia Malacitana. A Roman theater was built at this time. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was ruled first by the Visigoths and then the Byzantine Empire (550–621). It was regained by the Visigoths in 621 and ruled by them until the Umayyad Muslim conquest in 711.
GB92204. Bronze quarter unit, Villaronga-Benages 798 (R5), SNG Lorichs 118, Villaronga CNH 21, Alvarez-Burgos 1744, SNG BM Spain 387, VF, green patina, highlighting earthen deposits, some light scratches, slightly off center, weight 2.864 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, Malaka (Málaga, Spain) mint, 175 - 91 B.C.; obverse head of Hephaistos-Vulcan right, bearded and wearing conical cap, neo-Punic inscription MLK behind; reverse star of sixteen rays, eight larger rays and eight smaller intercalated rays, all around a central pellet; ex Mike Vosper; $100.00 (€88.00)


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, 229 - 221 B.C.

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The Second Punic War, 218 - 201 B.C., is most remembered for Hannibal's crossing of the Alps, followed by his crushing victories over Rome in the battle of the Trebia, at Trasimene, and again at Cannae. After these defeats, many Roman allies joined Carthage, prolonging the war in Italy for over a decade. Against Hannibal's skill on the battlefield, the Romans deployed the Fabian strategy. More capable in siegecraft, the Romans recaptured all the major cities that had defected. The Romans defeated an attempt to reinforce Hannibal at the battle of the Metaurus and, in Iberia, Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus Major took New Carthage and ended Carthaginian rule over Iberia in the Battle of Ilipa. The final showdown was the Battle of Zama in Africa where Scipio Africanus defeated Hannibal, resulting in the imposition of harsh peace conditions on Carthage, which ceased to be a major power and became a Roman client-state.Hannibal's route of invasion

GS92184. Silver shekel, Viola CNP 134, Müller Afrique 126, SNG Cop VIII 291, Macdonald Hunter 67, Villaronga NAH 201, Villaronga CNH 25, VF, toned, bumps and scratches, reverse a little off center, scattered porosity, small edge split, overstruck(?), weight 7.278 g, maximum diameter 23.9 mm, die axis 215o, Carthage mint, 229 - 221 B.C.; obverse head of Tanit-Kore left, hair wreathed with grain; reverse horse prancing right on short exergue line, star above with eight rays around central pellet; ex Ancient Imports (Marc Breitsprecher); scarce; $1480.00 (€1302.40)


Carthage, Zeugitana, North Africa, 300 - 264 B.C.

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In 278 B.C., envoys from the Sicilian cities of Agrigentum, Syracuse, and Leontini asked Pyrrhus for military aid to remove the Carthaginian dominance over that island. With an army of 20,000 infantry, 3,000 cavalry, 20 war elephants, and some 200 ships, Pyrrhus defeated the Carthaginian forces and captured the city-fortress of Eryx. Carthage sued for peace, but Pyrrhus demanded Carthage renounce its claims on Sicily entirely. Pyrrhus set his sights on conquering Carthage itself, and began outfitting an expedition. However, his ruthless treatment of the Sicilian cities and his execution of two Sicilian rulers led to such animosity that he was forced out of Sicily and abandoned his plan.
GI91726. Bronze AE 21, Viola CNP 252f, Alexandropoulos 57h, SNG Cop 164, Müller Afrique 276, VF, obverse flatly struck, off center, flan casting sprue remnant, weight 4.742 g, maximum diameter 20.6 mm, die axis 270o, Sardinian(?) mint, 300 - 264 B.C.; obverse head of Kore-Tanit left wearing barley wreath, triple-pendant earring, and necklace; reverse horse's head right, pellet before; $120.00 (€105.60)


Arse-Saguntum, Hispania Citerior, c. 170 - 130 B.C.

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Saguntum was built by Edetani Iberians in 5th century B.C. In 218 B.C., after enduring eight months of siege, the Saguntines' last defenses were finally overrun. Hannibal offered to spare the population if they were "willing to depart from Saguntum, unarmed, each with two garments." When they declined the offer and began to sabotage the town's wealth and possessions, every adult was put to death. Seven years later, the town was taken by Rome and made a Roman municipium. Saguntum grew to a city of about 50,000 inhabitants, with a great circus, a theater seating 8,000 and an amphitheater.
RP89711. Bronze quadrans, Villaronga-Benages 1974, Alvarez-Burgos 2054, Villaronga CNH 33; SNG BM Spain 1112, aVF, green patina, slightly rough, scratches, weight 2.939 g, maximum diameter 15.6 mm, die axis 180o, Saguntum (Sagunto, Valencia, Spain) mint, c. 170 - 130 B.C.; obverse scallop shell; reverse dolphin right, crescent with horns upward above, Iberian A and three pellets below; $80.00 (€70.40)


Arse-Saguntum, Hispania Citerior, c. 170 - 130 B.C.

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Saguntum was built by Edetani Iberians in 5th century B.C. In 218 B.C., after enduring eight months of siege, the Saguntines' last defenses were finally overrun. Hannibal offered to spare the population if they were "willing to depart from Saguntum, unarmed, each with two garments." When they declined the offer and began to sabotage the town's wealth and possessions, every adult was put to death. Seven years later, the town was taken by Rome and made a Roman municipium. Saguntum grew to a city of about 50,000 inhabitants, with a great circus, a theater seating 8,000 and an amphitheater.
RP89712. Bronze quadrans, Villaronga-Benages 1974, Alvarez-Burgos 2054, Villaronga CNH 33; SNG BM Spain 1112, VF, green patina, reverse center weak, light marks, light deposits, weight 2.267 g, maximum diameter 15.0 mm, die axis 0o, Saguntum (Sagunto, Valencia, Spain) mint, c. 170 - 130 B.C.; obverse scallop shell; reverse dolphin right, crescent with horns upward above, Iberian A and three pellets below; $80.00 (€70.40)


Arse-Saguntum, Hispania Citerior, c. 170 - 130 B.C.

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Saguntum was built by Edetani Iberians in 5th century B.C. In 218 B.C., after enduring eight months of siege, the Saguntines' last defenses were finally overrun. Hannibal offered to spare the population if they were "willing to depart from Saguntum, unarmed, each with two garments." When they declined the offer and began to sabotage the town's wealth and possessions, every adult was put to death. Seven years later, the town was taken by Rome and made a Roman municipium. Saguntum grew to a city of about 50,000 inhabitants, with a great circus, a theater seating 8,000 and an amphitheater.
RP89402. Bronze sextans, Villaronga-Benages 1979, Alvarez-Burgos 2064, Villaronga CNH 35; SNG BM Spain 1113 ff., VF, dark green patina, earthen deposits, reverse slightly off center, weight 1.774 g, maximum diameter 13.3 mm, die axis 180o, Saguntum (Sagunto, Valencia, Spain) mint, c. 170 - 130 B.C.; obverse scallop shell; reverse dolphin right, crescent with horns upward above, Iberian A and star below; $80.00 (€70.40)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Caesarea, Cappadocia

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Kayseri, Turkey was originally named Mazaca. It was renamed Eusebia by Ariarathes V Eusebes, King of Cappadocia, 163 - 130 B.C. The last king of Cappadocia, King Archelaus, renamed it "Caesarea in Cappadocia" to honor Caesar Augustus upon his death in 14 A.D. Muslim Arabs slightly modified the name into Kaisariyah, which became Kayseri when the Seljuk Turks took control, c. 1080 A.D.
RS93138. Silver drachm, RPC IV Online T6928 (8 spec.), Metcalf Cappadocia 120a, Sydenham Caesarea 299, BMC Galatia -, SNG Cop -, SNGvA -, aVF, toned, flow lines, reverse legend weak, bumps, scratches, edge cracks, weight 2.441 g, maximum diameter 17.5 mm, die axis 180o, Cappadocia, Caesarea (Kayseri, Turkey) mint, 139 A.D.; obverse AVTOKP ANTWNEINOC CEBACTOC, bare head right; reverse VΠATOC B (Cos. 2), Mt. Argaios surmounted by statue of Helios standing facing, nude, globe in right hand, long scepter in left hand; from the Errett Bishop Collection; $80.00 (€70.40)


Roman, Lead Conical Bulla Seal, Early 4th Century A.D.

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The ancients did not all agree on the attributes of Serapis. A passage in Tacitus affirms that many recognized in this god, Aesculapius, imputing healing to his intervention; some thought him identical with Osiris, the oldest deity of the Egyptians; others regarded him as Jupiter, possessing universal power; but by most he was believed to be the same as Pluto, the "gloomy" Dis Pater of the infernal regions. The general impression of the ancients seems to have been that by Serapis, was to be understood the beginning and foundation of things. Julian II consulted the oracle of Apollo for the purpose of learning whether Pluto and Serapis were different gods; and he received for an answer that Jupiter-Serapis and Pluto were one and the same divinity.
AS83610. Lead seal, aEF, weight 8.022 g, maximum diameter 17.4 mm, early 4th Century A.D.; obverse diademed, draped, bearded, bust of Serapis right, kalathos(?) on head; reverse conical back, pierced for cord; $160.00 (€140.80)


Roman, Lead Conical Bulla Seal, Aristanetos, Early 4th Century A.D.

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The portrait indicates an early 4th century date. It is the personal seal of Aristanetos, as the Greek genitive legend indicates. Many personal seals from the late Roman and Byzantine eras feature the owner's portrait.
AS85926. Lead seal, cf. Münzzentrum auction 157 (2011), lot 552, aVF, weight 9.060 g, maximum diameter 18.9 mm, early 4th Century A.D.; obverse APICT-ANETOV, draped bust of a slightly balding middle-aged man with sideburns; reverse conical back, pierced for cord; $100.00 (€88.00)


Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (Physcon), Second Reign, 145 - 116 B.C.

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Ptolemy VIII and his older brother Ptolemy VI ruled jointly from 170 to 164 B.C. Porphyry notes, "The 36th year of [Ptolemy VI] Philometor was the 25th of [Ptolemy VIII] Euergetes II." The reverse die has a date that could be read as 11 years earlier. Instead, this is an issue for Ptolemy VIII, Year 25. This year was the same as Ptolemy VI, Year 36. Ptolemy VI died in July of 145 BC, and his Year 36 became Year 25 of Ptolemy VIII.
GP88181. Silver tetradrachm, Paphos I Alexandria pl. XVIII 10 (Ptolemy VIII), SNG Cop 323 (VI), Svoronos 1437 (VI), Noeske 228 (VI), SNG Cop -, Weiser -, VF, toned, centered, some obverse die wear, closed crack, pitting, weight 13.233 g, maximum diameter 26.9 mm, die axis 0o, Alexandria mint, Jul - Aug 145 B.C.; obverse diademed bust of Ptolemy I right wearing aegis; reverse ΠTOΛEMAIOY BAΣIΛEΩΣ (King Ptolemy), eagle standing left on thunderbolt, head left, wings closed, LKE∆ (year 25) left, ΠA right; $500.00 (€440.00)




  







Catalog current as of Monday, January 20, 2020.
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