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Late Roman - Byzantine, Holyland (Syro-Palestinian), Bi-Lanceolate Pottery Oil Lamp, c. 300 - 500 A.D.

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Adler notes these lamps are found throughout the northern part of Israel, especially in Beit Shean and Hamat Gader, and date to the fourth and fifth centuries. Hamat Gader was already a well known health and recreation site in Roman times, mentioned in Strabo, Origen and Eunapius, as well as the Rabbinic literature. Construction of the bath complex began in the 2nd century by the 10th Roman Legion, which was garrisoned in nearby Gadara (modern Umm Qais). The ancient Hebrew name means hot springs of (the ancient city of) Gadara. The Arabic name El-Hamma preserves this, and the name of the tel located near the site, Tel Bani, is a corruption of the Latin word meaning "baths." The empress Aelia Eudocia composed a poem praising the qualities of the multiple springs which was inscribed so that visitors could see it as they went into the pool. The photo to the right is of the ancient Roman baths. Click the photo to see a larger image.Hammat Gader Baths

AL93918. Bi-lanceolate pottery oil lamp; Adler Collection (website) type N2; 8.0 cm (3 1/8") long, near Choice, complete and intact, light encrustation, wear, c. 300 - 500 A.D.; pink-buff clay, mold made with incised decoration, the body includes the entire lamp from tip of nozzle to tip of "tongue" handle, wide rim surrounds a large fill hole, incised herring-bone geometric wreath pattern on narrow convex shoulders, two incised lengthwise lines on the handle, incised lines between fill hold rim and nozzle; bi-lanceolate oil lamp similar condition to the lamp in the photo; $40.00 (€35.20)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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The inscription is obscure but Hendin 1149 is by far the most common prutah with an inscription in wreath obverse and double cornucopia reverse. The specific attribution as this type is less than certain but highly probable. Intent study might confirm or correct it.
JD91965. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1149, Meshorer TJC T, Meshorer AJC I; overstruck on earlier prutah, aF, some undertype effects, porosity, earthen deposits, weight 3.215 g, maximum diameter 14.5 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns; $20.00 (€17.60)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan) 103 - 76 B.C

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This type has been reattributed from Hyrcanus II to Alexander Jannaeus by Hendin and Shachar in "The Identity of YNTN on Hasmonean Overstruck Coins and the Chronology of the Alexander Jannaeus Types," Israel Numismatic Research 3, 2008: 87-94. It appears this type was overstruck on earlier coins of Alexander Jannaeus that had never been released from the mint.
JD91966. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1149, Meshorer TJC T, Meshorer AJC I; overstruck on earlier prutah, F, highlighting patina, off center, light corrosion, edge crack, weight 1.517 g, maximum diameter 14.3 mm, Jerusalem mint, 103 - 76 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yonatan the High Priest and the Council of the Jews, within wreath; reverse double cornucopia with pomegranate between horns; $40.00 (€35.20)


Judean Kingdom, Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan), 103 - 76 B.C.

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Jannaeus' anchor coins were probably struck after the conquest of the coastal cities (with the exception of Ashkelon) in 95 B.C. The anchor probably publicized the annexation of these areas. -- Ancient Jewish Coinage by Yaakov Meshorer
JD91967. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1153, Meshorer TJC L7, SNG ANS 88, Fine/Fair, highlighting red earthen deposits, edge cracks, light corrosion, weight 0.829 g, maximum diameter 12.3 mm, Jerusalem mint, 95 - 76 B.C.; obverse star of eight rays and central pellet within circle of dots, Aramaic inscription, mostly illegible around star; reverse anchor within circle, stylized Greek inscription around circle; ex George Allen, Hesperia Art, Philadelphia, 1960; $40.00 (€35.20)


Valentinian I, 25 February 364 - 17 November 375 A.D.

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In 370, Valentinian I and Valens banned the importation of wine and olive oil from areas controlled by the barbarians and banned marriages between Romans and barbarians under penalty of death.
RL92653. Bronze centenionalis, cf. SRCV V 19484 ff., aVF, highlighting earthen patina, tight flan cutting off parts of legends and mintmark, weight 2.397 g, maximum diameter 15.9 mm, die axis 0o, unknown mint, 24 Aug 367 - 17 Nov 375 A.D.; obverse D N VALENTINIANVS P F AVG, pearl-diademed, draped, and cuirassed bust right; reverse SECVRITAS REIPVBLICAE (security of the Republic), Victory walking left, wreath in right hand, palm frond in left hand; $15.00 (€13.20)


Antoninus Pius, August 138 - 7 March 161 A.D., Ascalon, Syria Palaestina

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Phanebal was a deity specific to Ascalon. Mr. Tameanko, in his book, Monumental Coins, theorizes that the Temple of Phanebal was designed to imitate the sacred First Temple in Jerusalem, built by Solomon. Meshorer notes, "The Egyptianizing cornice, the columns widening in the middle and the uraei on the upper beams chow the influence of the Egyptian architecture. Perhaps this unusual shrine is the 'serifa in Ashqelon' mentioned in the Talmud (Aboda Zara 11b) as one of the five permanent idolatrous temples in the Land of Israel."
JD92801. Bronze AE 28, Meshorer City Coins p. 27, 50; SNG ANS 722; Sofaer pl. 143, 143; BMC Palestine p. 129, 191; Rosenberger I p. 57, 169, Fair, weight 17.232 g, maximum diameter 28.2 mm, die axis 0o, Ascalon mint, Year 254 = 150 - 151 AD; obverse ANTWNINOC CEBACTOC, laureate head right; reverse ACK-AΛW, complex facade of the Temple of Phanebal depicting four doorways, one inside the other, ∆NC (year 254) in exergue; zero sales of this type recorded on Coin Archives in the last two decades; extremely rare; $100.00 (€88.00)


Judean Kingdom, John Hyrcanus I (Yehohanan), 134 - 104 B.C.

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John Hyrcanus was the son of Simon the Maccabee and nephew of the folk hero Judah Maccabee, the hero of the Hanukkah story. Soon after Hyrcanus assumed power, the Seleukid kingdom marched on Jerusalem. Antiochus VII and Hyrcanus I negotiated a treaty that left Hyrcanus a vassal to the Syrian king. John Hyrcanus was the first Jewish ruler to issue coins in his own name. The Paleo-Hebrew inscription reads, from right to left, as follows: YHW(HH)/NN (Yehohanan) H (the) KHN (Priest) / G[D]L (high) W (and) HB[R] (council) / Y[HWDM] (Jews). See Reading Judean Coins in NumisWiki.

JD91421. Bronze lepton, Hendin 1141, Meshorer TJC G, Meshorer AJC K, VF, full legend, obverse edge beveled, some porosity, tiny edge cracks, weight 1.848 g, maximum diameter 13.5 mm, Jerusalem mint, 134 - 104 B.C.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew inscription: Yehonanan the High Priest and Head of the Council of the Jews, surrounded by wreath; reverse double cornucopia adorned with ribbons, pomegranate between horns; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $80.00 (€70.40)


Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

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Agrippa was son of Aristobulus and Bernice, a grandson of Herod the Great. He spent his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome. His friend Caligula bestowed former territories of Philip and Herod Antipas. Claudius bestowed Judaea. He had James, the brother of John, executed (Acts 12:1-2) and imprisoned Peter (Acts 12:3-5).
JD91423. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1244, Meshorer TJC 120, RPC I 4981, SNG ANS 252, Sofaer 153, Fair, weight 2.339 g, maximum diameter 18.4 mm, die axis 315o, Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $16.00 (€14.08)


Judean Kingdom, Herod Agrippa I, 37 - 44 A.D.

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Agrippa was son of Aristobulus and Bernice, a grandson of Herod the Great. He spent his boyhood at the imperial court in Rome. His friend Caligula bestowed former territories of Philip and Herod Antipas. Claudius bestowed Judaea. He had James, the brother of John, executed (Acts 12:1-2) and imprisoned Peter (Acts 12:3-5).
JD91424. Bronze prutah, Hendin 1244, Meshorer TJC 120, RPC I 4981, SNG ANS 252, Sofaer 153, aF, weight 2.562 g, maximum diameter 18.2 mm, die axis 0o, Jerusalem mint, 41 - 42 A.D.; obverse AΓPIΠA BACIΛEWC (King Agrippa), umbrella-like canopy with fringes; reverse three heads of barley between two leaves, flanked by L - ς (year 6); from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $16.00 (€14.08)


Judaea, Bar Kochba Revolt, 132 - 135 A.D.

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These coins are usually overstruck on earlier denarii or drachms.
JD91425. Silver zuz, Mildenberg 174 (O22/R109); BMC Palestine, p. 299, 79; SNG ANS 561; Hendin 1435; Meshorer TJC 274, Choice EF, broad flan, flow lines, tiny edge cracks, die wear, weight 3.362 g, maximum diameter 19.6 mm, die axis 225o, Judaean mint, undated issue of year 3, 134 - 135 A.D.; obverse Paleo-Hebrew legend: Shim'on, bunch of grapes in three lobes hanging from branch, which has a tendril to the left and a leaf to the right; reverse Paleo-Hebrew legend: for the freedom of Jerusalem, kithara with three strings; from the Maxwell Hunt Collection; $1500.00 (€1320.00)




  







Catalog current as of Sunday, December 15, 2019.
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