Numismatic and History Discussions > Greek Coins

Phoenicia Arados - Silver

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--- Quote from: Callimachus on February 25, 2014, 07:27:23 pm ---I don't have any bronze coins from Aradus, but in my Greek coin gallery I do have a nice tetradrachm in the name of Alexander the Great.

--- End quote ---

Hello Callimachus,

Hope you weren't offended but i thought it would be appropriate to have a separate thread for silver coins of Arados, so what a fitting way to start this topic of but with your silver tetradrachm. In fact i was just flicking through HGC 10, which isn't the most reliable catalog for Aradian coins but serves it´s purpose and found a typing error on page 18. Your coin has been dated there as 96-95 B.C.  ::)

I also started this post for the benefit of furthering our knowledge and understanding of these fascinating coins, please feel free to contribute and join me on this Phoenician venture.

Hi. No I am not offended.

I am a bit puzzled about the dating, though.

I got my dating information from Table G on page 416 of Martin J Price's book "The Coinage in the Name of ALexander the Great . . ."   Price #3396 is also listed as being from 196/5 BC on page 428 of the same book.

So should the typing error in your HGC 10 be 196/5 BC?

From Forvm.... ....

In 259 B.C., Arados increased her autonomy and dominated a federation of nearby cities including Gabala, Karne, Marathos and Simyra. Thus began the era of Aradus, to which the subsequent coins of the city are dated. Arados was not completely independent, however, the Seleukids retained overlordship.

On this basis, year 64 would correspond the the year 196/195 BCE.

Yes, it should say 196/5 B.C.

Nothing to worry about, this does not effect your coin in anyway Callimachus, which i´m sure your quite aware of.

It is such an obvious typing error that even i managed to spot it.  +++  ;)

A little history leading up to and beyond the minting of my coin.

The peoples of Phoenicia, were descended from the Canaanites who inhabited the region of the Levant, later occupying the coastal areas of modern day Lebanon. Arwad was thought to be the first ever republic.

Timeline of Aradian History

c. 1050 B.C   Eygpt loses it´s imperial possessions in Canaan.

876 B.C         Ashurnasirpal II of Assyria makes Arwad a tributary during his conquest of Syria.

853 B.C         Matan-Ba´al and his alliance with neighbouring states, defeat Shalmaneser III of Assyria.

701 B.C        Assyria conquers all of Phoenicia, Abd-illhit has to pay tribute to his new masters.

664 B.C         Yakinlu submits one of his daughters and a dowry to the harem of Ashurbanipal of Assyria.

612-573 B.C  The Phoenician cities regain independence after the destruction of the Assyrian empire.

573-539 B.C  Babylonia conquers all of Phoenicia.

539 B.C          Phoenicia and its cities are submerged within the Persian Empire.

332 B.C          Strato joins forces with Alexander The Great in his conquest of Syria & Phoenicia.
                      Arwad (Arados) was renamed Antiochia in Pieria.

Thus starts the reign of the Seleucid Empire in Phoenicia.

Ba´al means in semitic, master or lord and was later to mean god of distinct character. As such, all rulers who bared the title Ba´al were later to be designated the universal god of fertility and were also awarded the title of Prince and Lord of the Earth (2). Ba´al was also known has the Lord of Rain and Dew.

In Phoenician he was to be known has Ba´al Shamen, Lord of the Heavens.

A Baalist or Baalite was the name given to the people who worshiped Ba´al.
(2)  The Arabs and Rabbinical hebrews used the phrase Baal to mean watered by a spring or an oasis.

Below, is one of my silver staters.

Phoenicia, Arados 348-338 B.C

AR 17.55mm (Thickness 5.40mm), weight 10.60g, die axis = 6h (180 degrees), Stater.

Obverse: Laureate head of Baál Arwad with full eye right.

Reverse: Galley sailing right above waves (three lines) with figure of Pataikos right, all within dotted square border. Phoenician letters nun (N), aleph (A) & mem (M) above.


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