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Arrowhead 3


Virgil H:
So, I am adding my arrowheads from my grandfather to my collection and trying to see if I can get some kind of more definitive IDs for these. They were found in the Oklahoma panhandle at some point from 1910 to 1935 or so. I have a few of his Buffalo nickels, as well. I am just curious about these.

Arrowhead 3
30 mm top to bottom
13mm widest point
1.16 grams


Jan P:
Very interesting, Virgil, and piece by piece very nice species :o!
Your arrowheads made me look up the "Settlement of the Americas" on Wikipedia. Is there any idea of the kind of people that have used those things in Oklahomas' Panhandle, some millennia ago?

I've been hunting for "points" for two seasons now--they are difficult to identify for beginners and some of the ID books out there are amateurish.  I've had luck in some Facebook groups--those folks can usually identify the stone type and style, and from there you can get a general date range based on the location of the finds.  I have one good specialist book but it only covers New England, where I hunt. That being said, two of the points I found originated outside of NE.  When hurricane Bob hit the coast of RI, they had to import sand from New Jersey and with it came the artifacts!

If there is an archaeological society in Oklahoma check to see if they have any specialist publications for this type of thing.

Virgil H:
Thank you both. I really do need to do some research, as these are way out of my area. But, they are all very nice items and I want to make sure they get into my collection as they fit in 2 x 2 flips. My grandfather had them in a little box with foam and cellophane wrap.


Virgil H:
I think I have this one identified. It appears to be made from the same material as the other point, Dakota quartzite, but at a time thousands of years more recent than that one. This is a valid type identified in 1968.

Haskell Point
Cahokia Cluster
Date: 800 - 600 B.P. (800 - 600 AD)
Cultural Period: Mississippian
Glacial Period: Medieval Warm
Culture: Caddoan Culture

Description of Physical Characteristics and Flaking Pattern:

This is a thin small to point with a flattened cross section.  The blade is primarily straight to slightly excurvate and may be serrated.  Rarely is the blade notched on this point.  This point has parallel notches with horizontal shoulders with an expanded stem.  The base is most commonly concaved, but some examples may have a straight base.  This point commonly has incomplete flaking leaving the surface of the original flake forming a random flaking pattern.

Size Measurements:  Total Length - 15 to 35 mm, Stem Length - 8 to 11 mm,  Width at Shoulders - 8 to 15,  Neck Width - 5 to 10 mm,  Notch Depth - 2 to 3 mm, Notch Placement - 1/4 to 1/2 from the base (based on total length),  Basal Width - 12 to 20 mm  (Suhm and Krieger, 1954).

Distribution Comments:
These points are primarily associated with the Caddoan culture and subcultures of Texas, Oklahoma, and into Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Louisiana and into Mexico.  These points may be found into adjacent regions with decreased frequency.  Points outside the Caddoan cultural territory may fall into one of the Plains Side Notch types.  Points found into the Pueblo Cultural and sub culture territories may fall into the Pueblo Side Notch type.


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