Numismatic and History Discussions > Medieval, Islamic and Crusader Coins

Medieval, Islamic, and Crusader COTD

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Sam:
I almost knew it , but you are doing a good job.

I will send you a PM about another one.

Sam

Sam:
However  Tamar can be written both way تمار and   تامار

Both are correct , but what is written on the coin is تامار

That is why I said "I know you like to be perfect on your coin presentation" because I know you do +++
Sam

AvP:
Dear friends of medieval coins!


In 1251 the papal legate Odo of Châteauroux came to know that the Franks used to copy Dinars and Dirhems showing the name of Mohammed and his "year of birth".  Since the legate was an experienced preacher and promoter of crusades, who accompanied Louis IX of France on the Seventh Crusade, he informed the pope about this "terrible habit". Innocent IV - he released a corresponding edict in 1253 - threatened anyone, who dares to mint further on such coins (in the "blasphemous name" of Mohammed) with excommunication. Thus over the following years Dirhems with AD date and christian inscribtions were minted.

Based on the Byzantine Solidus, the copies of Fatimid Dinars were named "Bezant".


1.
Jerusalem, Anonymous, Bezant, 2nd phase, imitating a dinar of the Fatimid caliph al-Amir, with mintname Misr (Egypt) and date 519h, 3.54g (BY 19-22 var.; CCS 3; A 730).

2.
Lead seal of Innocent IV
SPA = Sanctus Paulus, SPE = Sanctus Petrus. This side never changed.

3.
Jerusalem, Anonymous, Silver Dirham, Acre, 1251, Christian legends in Arabic script on both sides, small cross in centre of obverse, 2.70g (BY 45; CCS 15; Metcalf 229-231).

The "cross side":

ا لله واهد هو
الإيمان+واهد
المعموديّى واهد

ALLAH WAHID HU(WA)
AL IMAM + WAHID
AL-MA'MUDIYYA WAHID

Allah allone (one) He is
The faith + one
The babtism one
(One god, one faith, one babtism)

Rim:
ضرب باكّا سنة الف و مئتين و احد و خمسين
(duriba bi-akka sanat alf wa mi'atain wa ahad wa khamsin)
Minted in Acre year thausand and two hundred and one und fifty

Allegedly "LITAJASSUD (of the birth of the messiah)" should follow.


The other side:
الاب و الابن
و الروح القدس
الاه واحد

al-Ab wa al-Bin
wa al-Ruh al-Quds
Ilah wahid

The father and the son / and the holy ghost / one god

Rim:
LAHU AL-MAJD / ILA ABAD / AL-ABADIN / AMIN AMIN
To him is the glory for ever and ever Amen Amen


4.
Pseudo imitation of the Dirhem of the Ayyubid sultan as-Salih Ismail (Dimashq) with frozen AD date (1253)

Ob:
الملك الصالح
عماد الدنيا و الدين
اسمعيل بن أبي بكر

al-Malik as-Salih
Imad ad-Dunya wa 'd-Din
Isma'il bin Abi Bakr

Rim:
بسم / الله / الرحمن / الرحيم
(bism/illah/i r-rachman/i r-rachim)


Rv:
الامام
المستنصر
بالله ابو جعفر
المنصور امير المؤمنين

al-Imam
al-Mustansir
billah Abu Ja'far
al-Mansur Amir al-Mu'minin

Rim:
ضرب بدمشق سنة الف و مئتين وثلث و خمسين
(Duriba bi-Dimashq / sanat alf wa / mi'atain wa thelath / wa khamsin)
Minted in Dimashq year thausand and two hundred and three und fifty

 

quadrans:
Nice start.. +++
 Q.

AvP:
Regards & many thanks to qudrans for welcoming me

AvP

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