Numismatic and History Discussions > Roman Provincial Coins

Problems with a legend from Maionia

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Jochen:
Dear friends of ancient coins!

In my collection I have a nice coin from Maionia, which shows Dionysus in a centaur biga. Unfortunately, it is not perfectly preserved. Now I have found a second specimen from Yale University. With it I have succeeded in completing the legend.

Composed of 2 copies, the legend on the reverse reads:
[EΠI IOVΛIAN - OV] - T..A. - A.B.APX[ONTOC]
i.e. "[this coin was struck] under the archon Julianus". The abbreviations T.A.A.B. cause difficulties.

Other coinages show that there was a 1st and a 2nd archon in Maionia.  EΠI KYEINTOY B AΡX A could then mean "under Quintus, who is 1st archon for the second time".

It is more difficult with EΠI KYINTOY B AΡX A T B e.g. means "under Quintus, who was 1st archon (APX A) for the second time (T B)". Here, however, the B before APX remains unexplained. 2nd archon would then be double!

To my coin: T.A. could then mean "for the first time", although the counting usually starts with the second time. Could A.B. then mean 2nd archon? But then the written APX[ONTOC] behind it would actually be double.

Can anyone help me out of this dilemma?

And anyone who does know the female figure under Dionysos' elbow?

With thanks in advance
Jochen

Tom Mullally:
Jochen,

Your coin is also BMC 43 and SNG Leypold 1072 (rev. described as Cybele), neither mention the figure on the cart below Dionysus.  Extrapolating the legends between the known coins, I think the full legend should be: ƐΠΙ ΙΟΥΛΙΑΝΟΥ ΓΑ[Λ?] Β ΑΡΧΟΝΤΟϹ ΜΑΙΟΝΩΝ

Tom

Jochen:
Dear Tom!

I think you have nailed it. It was a reading error: It should have been noticeable that A.B. are separated by a dot, but TA are not. And that is because it is not TA, but ΓA! Indeed, the archon's name is IOVΛIANOVC ΓA[...]. Wether the following A belongs to his name or means "the first [archon]" I don't know.

Thank you
Jochen

Pekka K:

Dane Kurth GRPC gives in MAI 119 the reverse legend as:

ƐΠΙ ΙΟΥΛΙΑΝΟΥ Α TO Β ΑΡΧΟΝΤΟϹ ΜΑΙΟΝΩΝ

Pekka K

Jochen:
Hi Pekka!

Do you have a picture of this coin? If it is the same one, then Dane has mistakenly taken the legend from another coin,

Jochen

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