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UPDATE: I am upgrading both of these works, adding way more historical information as well as more, and hopefully better, photos.  When complete they will be added here and on my academia.edu page.  S Caza. 04/2020.


By: Shawn M. Caza

Roman militaria are physical items related to the Roman military - the legions, auxillia and officers.  The term militaria is not limited to arms and armour and associated items like scabbard parts.  It also includes other items known to be used by the Roman army such as belt parts, spurs, horse harness, tools and daily supplies.  Generally the term Roman militaria is limited to items that are unique to the military.  For example, while terra sigillata pottery is a very common find on sites occupied by the Roman military such pottery would not be considered militaria, even if found on a military site, because identical items are also found among the civilian population.

Roman militaria is described and illustrated on the following sub-pages:

Part I - Roman Military Belts

Part II - Horse Harnesses

Roman militaria bibliography

Amato, R. D, Roman military clothing (3) AD400-640. (London, 2005). 

Appels, Andrew and Stuart Laycock.  Roman Buckles & Military Fittings.  2007.

Bishop, M.C.  Cavalry Equipment of the Roman Army in the First Century A.D., in Coulston, J.C. (ed.) Military equipment and the Identity of Roman Soldiers: Proceedings of the Fourth Roman Military equipment Conference, BAR International 394, 1998.


Bishop, M.C. and J.C.N. Coulston.  Roman Military Equipment from the Punic wars to the Fall of Rome.  2nd ed, 2006.

D'Amato, Raffaele and Graham Sumner.  Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier from Marius to Commodus, 112 BC - AD 192.  2009.

FeugŤre, Michel.  Weapons of the Romans.  2002.

Fischer, Thomas.  Die Armee der Caesaren.  2012.

Galić, Miljenk and Ivan Radman-Livaja.  VTERE FELIX - Belt Set from Varaědinske Toplice, in VAMZ, 3 series, Volume XXXIX, 2006.

Hoss, Stefanie.  The military belts of the equites, in Waffen in Aktion: Akten der 16. Internationalen Roman Military Equipment Conference (ROMEC), Xanten, 13 - 16 Juni 2007, Xantener Berichte 16, 2009. 

Hoss, Stefanie.  The Roman Military Belt, in Nosch, Marie-Louise (ed.) Wearing the Cloak: Dressing the Soldier in Roman Times, 2012.

Humer, Franz (ed).  Legionslager und Druidenstab: vom Legionslager zur Donaumetropole: Katalogband.  2006

James, Simon.  Excavations at Dura-Europos 1928 - 1937: Final Report VII: The Arms and Armour and other Military Equipment.  2004.

Kostromichev, D. A.  Rimskoe voennoe snaryazhenie iz Khersonesa, in Materialy po arkheologii, istorii i etnografii (MAIET), Volume XII, 2006.


Radman-Livaja, Ivan.  Militaria Sisciensia.  Musei Archaeologici Zagrebiensis Catalogi et Monographiae.  Vol. 1, 2005.

Radman-Livaja, Ivan.  Finds of Roman Military Equipment from Teutoburgium.  LIMES XIX, 2005.

Radman-Livaja, Ivan.  Roman belt-fittings from Burgenae, in JRMES 16, 2008.

Redzic, Sasa.  Military belts from the eastern cemeteries of Viminacium in Aktion: Akten der 16. Internationalen Roman Military Equipment Conference (ROMEC), Xanten, 13 - 16 Juni 2007, Xantener Berichte 16, 2009.

Travis, Hilary & John.  Roman Body Armour.  2011.

Sumner, G. Roman military clothing (1) 100 BC-AD 200. (London, 2002).

Sumner, G., Roman military clothing (2) AD 200-400 (London, 2003).

Travis, Hilary & John.  Roman Body Armour.  2011.


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