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Severus II

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     SEVERUS   (Flavius Valerius), second of the
name, Caesar, and afterwards Augustus. Born
of an humble family in Illyria, he was distinguished chiefly if not solely for his vices.
But the very perverseness of the man was the

cause of his advancement. For, in the year
305 A.D., Galerius, whom his profligacy
and subservience alike suited, raised
him to the dignity of Caesar ; and soon after,
on the death Constantius Chlorus, refused
to recognise Constantine, son of that
emperor (whose superior merit he dreaded), in
any other quality than that of Caesar, whilst he
persuaded Maximianus Herculius to invest the
debauched Severus with the title of Augustus,
and in the partition of provinces, Italy, Africa,
and Upper Pannonia, were allotted to his share.
But when, by Galerius's orders, Severus marched
at the head of a numerous army from Milan
upon Rome, for the purpose of dethroning
Maxentius, who had there assumed the purple, Maximianus, resuming his recently abdicated
titles, came to the assistance of his intrusive
son, and besieged Severus at Ravenna. There,
having surrendered himself to Maximian, on
the promise of being allowed the unmolested
enjoyment of his imperial dignity, this unhappy
prince was perfidiously sent captive to Rome, in
the neighbourhood of which he was put to
death, April, 307, after having borne, without
glory and without desert, the name of Caesar
for fifteen months, and the supreme title of
Emperor about nine months. He left a son
named Severianus, whom Licinius caused to be
slain six months afterwards. His gold coins
and small silver medallions are extremely rare.
Eckhel doubts whether any silver of the ordinary
size exist. His brass medallions and small brass
are very rare, and his second brass are scarce.
On these he is styled SEVERVS. NOB. CAESAR ; or

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