- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!! NumisWiki Is An Enormous Unique Resource Including Hundreds Of Books And Thousands Of Articles Online!!! The Column On The Left Includes Our "Best of NumisWiki" Menu If You Are New To Collecting - Start With Ancient Coin Collecting 101 NumisWiki Includes The Encyclopedia of Roman Coins and Historia Nummorum If You Have Written A Numismatic Article - Please Add It To NumisWiki All Blue Text On The Website Is Linked - Keep Clicking To ENDLESSLY EXPLORE!!! Please Visit Our Shop And Find A Coin You Love Today!!!

× Resources Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
How to
Index Of All Titles


Aes Formatum
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Facing Portrait of Augustus
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Militaria
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

   View Menu


Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
     SECVRITAS REIPVBlicae. -- A bull standing :
above its head are two stars ; on some there
is a crown near the bull, on which an eagle
stands. In the exergue are the names of various
cities. -- Second brass of Julianus II.
    Of this type on medals of Julian, Socrates
and Sozomenus (says Eckhel) have made mention.
Namely, that the townsmen of Antioch falling
short of provisions, and the emperor being
present, as they were of their own peculiar
inclination given to banter and jest, said that a
bull should be engraved on coins, and the whole
world (orbis terrarum) be perverted by its
example. For, as Socrates explains the point
(of this joke), Julian, when continually immolating bulls on the altars of the gods, commanded
an altar and a bull to be engraved on
coins. -- As to what relates to the altar, Socrates
is certainly in error, for among the many coins
that are extant with this type, not one has
hitherto been found with the aforesaid altar.
Nor has Sozomenus alluded to it. -- Neither does
Banduri agree with Socrates respecting the
reason why such like coins were struck. For,
judging from Julian's pertinacious adherence to
the superstition of the Egyptians, he is of opinion
that by the bull standing with the two stars are to
be understood Mnevis [one of the oxen worshipped
as the living symbol of the Nile, and] consecrated
to the sun [Osiris], and Apis [another
"sacred" bull also adored by the people of
Egypt] consecrated to the moon [Isis]. In
good earnest, Ammianus relates that, at the
time he (Julian) tarried at Antioch, the new
Apis, having been diligently sought for in
Egypt, was at last found. -- Coins of the kind in
question (adds Eckhel), besides being collected
in astonishing numbers, also serve this purpose --
that, on the lower part, they shew the cities
from whose respective mints they were issued,
and that more distinctly than other monies
exhibit them. Accordingly, there may be read
on them -- ANT., AQVIL., CONS., CYZIC., HERACL.,
LVGD., NIC., SIRM., SIS., TES., with the addition
of various arithmetical signs, either in Latin or
in Greek characters, thus serving very clearly to
explain the mint-marks of that age. On other
medals of the same emperor, especially those
of the Vota, there is a careful notation of
the cities [wherein they were struck], amongst
which is also found VRB. ROM. (the city of Rome).
    The same legend of SECVRITAS REPVBLICAE,
but with a type more worthy of a Roman coin
than the above favourite of Julian (the beast
worshipper), appears on a gold and third brass
of Flavia Helena. On these the Security of the
Commonwealth is personified by a woman in
the stola, standing with a branch in her right
hand. -- In the exergue SMT.
   Mr. Akerman, in noticing this type in gold,
observes that it brought 23 at the sale of the
Trattle collection. It is valued at 1000 francs
by Mionnet, who says a coin of modern fabric
is known, bearing on the exergue SMR.

View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins
All coins are guaranteed for eternity