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RPC Online

Roman Provincial Coinage Online - http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/

The aim of the Roman Provincial Coinage series is to produce a standard typology of the provincial coinage of the Roman Empire from its beginning in 44 BC to its end in AD 296/7.

The current Roman Provincial Coinage Online project is confined to the periods AD 138–192 and AD 249–254, but other periods will be put online in the future.

The database is based on the ten most important and accessible collections in the world, and on all published material. It comprises one of the largest collections of images and related inscriptions from the ancient world which is searchable by iconography, place, and time. The database contains information on 16,204 coin types, based on 60,766 specimens (23,678 of which have images).

Volume I From the death of Caesar to Vitellius (44 BC–AD 69)

Volume II Vespasian to Domitian (AD 69–96)

Volume III Nerva to Hadrian (AD 96–138)

Volume IV Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138–192) [with temporary numbers]

  1. Antoninus Pius (138–161)
  2. Faustina I (138–141, and later deification coins)
  3. Marcus Aurelius (139–180)
  4. Faustina II (147–175)
  5. Lucius Verus (161–169)
  6. Lucilla (164–169, and later)
  7. Commodus (175–192)
  8. Crispina (178–182?)

     IV.1 Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138–192): Cyrenaica to Bithynia - Pontus
     IV.2 Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138–192): Asia
     IV.3 Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138–192): Lycia - Pamphylia to Arabia
     IV.4 Antoninus Pius to Commodus (AD 138–192): Egypt

Volume VI Elagabalus to Maximinus Thrax (AD 218–238): Asia Minor and Egypt

Gordian I to Gordian III (AD 238–244): province of Asia

Volume IX Trajan Decius to Uranius Antoninus (AD 249–254)

  1. Trajan Decius (249–251)
  2. Herennia Etruscilla (249–251)
  3. Herennius Etruscus (251)
  4. Hostilian (251)
  5. Trebonianus Gallus (251–253)
  6. Volusian (251–253)
  7. Aemilian (253)
  8. Cornelia Supera (253)
  9. Uranius Antoninus (253–254)
Consolidated Supplement 2015 [PDF]

Core Collection

Abbreviation - Collection
B - Berlin, Staatliche Museen
C - Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum
Cop - Copenhagen, Nationalmuseet
G - Glasgow, Hunterian Museum
L - London, British Museum
Mu - Munich, Staatliche Münzsammlung
NY - New York, American Numismatic Society
O - Oxford, Ashmolean Museum
P - Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
V - Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum

Geographical Arrangement

The arrangement of the cities follows the pattern established in RPC I. They are arranged on a geographical and political basis, from west to east. The main sub-divisions are Roman provinces (and, in the case of Asia and Phrygia-Caria, conventus).

Catalogue Conventions

The inscriptions have been listed using the following conventions:

(  ) round brackets indicate minor variants; e.g. ΣΕΒ(ΑΣΤΟΣ) means that some coins have ΣΕΒ and others ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ. Only where these differences seem significant have they been separated out into different catalogue entries. This convention reflects the fact that the legends on provincial coins were not as standardized as those from the mint of Rome. Variations of spelling are quite frequent, and in some cases virtually every die may have a slightly variant version. Round brackets () are also used in the description of the designs to denote a minor aspect of the design which may not be present on all coins;
[  ] square brackets indicate restorations of parts of the legends which cannot yet be read due to the poor preservation of surviving specimens;
__ an underline is used to denote ligatures in the legends.

Reference Abbreviations

AAthens, Numismatic Museum
AAArchäologischer Anzeiger
AarhusAarhus, University Museum
ABSAAnnual of the British School at Athens
AEL'Année épigraphique (Paris, from 1888)
AgMF. Imhoof-Blumer, 'Antike griechische Münzen', RSN 19 (1913), pp. 5–134
AgoraJ. H. Kroll and A. S. Walker, The Athenia Agora XXVI. The Greek Coins (Princeton, 1993)
AIINAnnali dell'Istituto Italiano di Numismatica
AJAAmerican Journal of Archaeology
AJNAmerican Journal of Numismatics
AkarcaA. Akarca, Les monnaies grecques de Mylasa (Paris, 1959)
AMNGDie antiken Münzen Nord-Griechenlands (ed. F. Imhoof-Blumer, Berlin, 1898–1935)
ANActa Numismàtica
AnkaraAnkara, Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
AnokhinV. A. Anokhin, The Coinage of Chersonesus (Oxford, 1980)
AnokhinV. A. Anokhin, Монетное дело Боспора (Kiev, 1986)
Anokhin'V. A. Anokhin, Античные монеты Северного Причерноморья – Antichnye monety Severnogo Prichernomor'ya (Kiev, 2011)
ANRW Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (Berlin and New York)
ANSMNAmerican Numismatic Society Museum Notes (New York)
AphrodisiasD. J. MacDonald, Greek and Roman Coins from Aphrodisias (Oxford, 1976)
Archontidou-Argyri/LabarreA. Archontidou-Argyri and G. Labarre, 'Un trésor d'époque impériale à Mytilène', RN 151 (1996), pp. 119–40
ArslanM. Arslan, 'The Coinage of Ancyra in the Roman Period', in C. S. Lightfoot (ed.), Recent Turkish Coin Hoards and Numismatic Studies (Oxford, 1991), pp. 3–42 and pp. 333–4
Arslan, AlexandriaM. Arslan, 'A third century AD hoard of bronzes, principally of Alexandria Troas', in R. Ashton (ed.), Studies of Ancient Coinage from Turkey (London, 1996), pp. 43–5
Arslan/LightfootM. Arslan and C. S. Lightfoot, Greek Coin Hoards in Turkey: the Antalya Archaeological Museum and the C.S. Okray Collection: with additional material from the Burdur, Fethiye and Sinop Museums (Ankara, 1999)
ASFNAnnuaire de la Société française de Numismatique (Paris)
Augusta TraianaE. Schönert-Geiss, Die Münzprägung von Augusta Traiana und Traianopolis (Berlin, 1991)
Ayvagediği hoardF. Rebuffat,'Le trésor d'Ayvagediği', in M. Amandry and G. Le Rider (eds), Trésors et circulation monétaire en Anatolie antique (Paris, 1994), pp. 73–118
B-Ithe second Imhoof-Blumer collection, acquired in 1928 by the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin (B)
BabE. Babelon, Catalogue des monnaies grecques de la Bibliothèque Nationale. Les Perses achéménides, les satrapes et les dynastes tributaires de leur empire, Chypre et Phénicie (Paris, 1893)
BACTHSBulletin archéologique du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques
BakhoumS. Bakhoum, Dieux égyptiens à Alexandrie sous les Antonins. Recherches numismatiques et historiques (Paris, 1999)
BaldusH. R. Baldus, Uranius Antoninus. Münzprägung und Geschichte (Bonn, 1971)
Baldus IH. R. Baldus,'Die 'reformierten' Tetradrachmen des Uranius Antoninus im Lichte eines neuen Fundes. 1Mit Nachträgen zur übrigen Münzprägung dieses 'Kaisers'', Chiron 5 (1975), pp. 443–84
Baldus IIH. R. Baldus, 'Neue Münzen des Uranius Antoninus (Nachtrag II)', JNG 27 (1977), pp. 69–74
Baldus IIIH. R. Baldus,'Neue Forschungen zu Uranius Antoninus und seinen Münzen (Nachtrag III)', JNG 33 (1983), pp. 29–40
Baldus IVH. R. Baldus,'Denare des Uranius Antoninus (Anhang: neue Aurei)', JNG 40 (1990), pp. 29–34
BarthM. Barth,'Adramytteion', in J. Stauber (ed.), Die Bucht von Adramytteion, Teil II (Bonn, 1996), pp. 183–241
Barth/StauberM. B. Barth and J. Stauber, 'Die Münzen von Perperene', EA 23 (1994), pp. 59–82
BaydurN. Baydur, 'Die Münzen von Attaleia in Pamphylien', JNG 25 (1975), pp. 33–72 and JNG 26 (1976), pp. 37–78
BCDPrivate Collection BCD
BCD CorinthLanz 105 (26 Nov. 2001), coll. BCD
BCH Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique (Paris)
BEFARBibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome (Paris, Athens, Rome)
Bell, SardisH. W. Bell, Sardis, vol. XI: the Coins, 1910–1914 (Leyden, 1916)
BellingerA. R. Bellinger, Troy. The Coins. Supplementary Monograph 2 (Princeton, 1961)
BernBern, Historisches Museum (including Righetti = B. Kapossy, SNG Schweiz II. Münzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum (1993))
BizyeJ. Jurokova, Die Münzprägung von Bizye (Berlin, 1981)
BlandR. Bland,'Six Hoards of Syrian Tetradrachms of the Third Century AD', NC 151 (1991), pp. 1–33
BMCBritish Museum Catalogue of Greek Coins (London, 1873–1927)
BMC Suppl.E. Christiansen, Coins of Alexandria and the Nomes: a Supplement to the British Museum Catalogue (London, 1991)
BMCRECatalogue of Roman Coins in the British Museum (London, 1923–60)
BoBologna, Museo Civico
Bosporus hoardsМ. Г. Абрамзон, Н. Фролова, А. В. Куликов, Т.Н. Смекалова, О. А. Иванина, Клад античных монет, Том I (Kiev, 2006)
BoutinS. Boutin, Catalogue des monnaies grecques de l'ancienne collection Pozzi (Maastricht, 1979)
BrBrussels, Bibliothèque Royale
BSFNBulletin de la Société Française de Numismatique (Paris)
BudapestBudapest, Magyar Nemzeti Múzeum
Caesarea Maritima ExcavationsJ. DeRose Evans, The Coins, and the Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine Economy of Palestine. Joint Expedition to Caesarea Maritima, Excavation Reports 6 (Boston, 2006)
CAHThe Cambridge Ancient History (Cambridge)
CalluJ.-P. Callu, La politique monétaire des empereurs romains de 238 à 311 (Paris, 1969)
CalominoD. Calomino, Nicopolis d'Epiro. Nuovi studi sulla zecca e sulla produzione monetale (Oxford, 2011)
CapharnaumA. Spijkerman,'A hoard of Syrian tetradrachms and eastern antoniniani from Capharnaum', Studium Biblicum Franciscanum Liber Annuus IX (1958–9), pp. 283–329
CaseyJ. Casey et al., Sinope. A Catalogue of the Greek, Roman and Byzantine Coins in Sinop Museum (Turkey) and related Historical and Numismatical Studies (London, 2010)
CastelinK. Castelin, The Coinage of Rhesaena in Mesopotamia, NNM 108 (New York, 1946)
CavagnaA. Cavagna, Provincia Dacia: I conî (Milan, 2012)
CekaH. Ceka, Probleme te Numismatikes Ilire (Tirana, 1965), pp. 114–30
CENBCercle d'Études Numismatiques. Bulletin
CHCoin Hoards
ChadžikostovA. Chadžikostov, 'Neue Münztypen von Augusta Traiana', in Festschrift Schönert-Geiss, pp. 193–7
CIGCorpus Inscriptionum Graecarum
CILCorpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (Berlin, from 1863)
ÇizmeliZ. Çizmeli, Le monnayage de Néocésarée et du koinon du Pont (Milan, 2006)
CMRDME. Lane, Corpus Monumentorum Religionis Dei Menis, 2. The Coins and Gems (Leiden, 1975)
CNAClassical Numismatic Auctions
CNGClassical Numismatic Group
Coinage and Identity C. Howgego, V. Heuchert and A. Burnett (eds), Coinage and Identity in the Roman Provinces (Oxford, 2005)
CologneCologne, University, including Weiser = W. Weiser, Katalog der bithynischen Münzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln. Vol. 1. Nikaia (1983) and Corsten = T. Corsten, Vol. 2. Könige, Commune Bithyniae, Städte (ausser Nikaia) (1996)
CopCopenhagen, Danish National Museum (completely published in SNG, 1942–79, with Supplement by S. Schultz 2002)
CorstenT. Corsten, Katalog der bithynischen Münzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln. Vol. 2. Könige, Commune Bithyniae, Städte (ausser Nikaia) (Opladen, 1996)
CRAIComptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (Paris)
CRSK. Butcher, Coinage in Roman Syria. Northern Syria, 64 BCAD 253 (London, 2004)
CurtisJ. W. Curtis, The Tetradrachms of Roman Egypt (Chicago, 1957, reprint with supplements New York, 1969)
DA. Dattari, Nummi Augg. Alexandrini I–II (Cairo, 1901–02)
DavisE. S. G. Robinson, SNG British Isles. I.2. Marischal College Aberdeen. The Newnham Davis Coins in the Wilson Collection of Classical and Eastern Antiquities (1936)
de LuynesJ. Babelon, Catalogue de la collection de Luynes, Monnaies grecques, I–IV (Paris, 1924–36); now in P
de SaulcyF. de Saulcy, Numismatique de la Terre Sainte (Paris, 1874)
DelepierreDelepierre Collection, now at the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris (P)
DelrieuxF. Delrieux, Les monnaies des cités grecques de la basse vallée de l'Harpasos en Carie (Bordeaux, 2008)
DemetrioF. Feuardent, Collections Giovanni di Demetrio. Numismatique. Égypte ancienne. II. Domination romaine (Paris, 1872); now mostly in A
DevrekerJ. Devreker, 'Les monnaies de Pessinonte', in J. Devreker and M. Waelkens (eds), Les fouilles de la Rijksuniversiteit te Gent à Pessinonte 1967–1973. Vol. I., Homage à Peter Lambrechts (Brugge, 1984), pp. 173–215
DiumDium, Archaeological Museum
DraganovD. Draganov, 'The Bronze Coinage of Dionysopolis', NCirc 1997, pp. 371–7
DSA. Savio, Catalogo completo della collezione Dattari: numi augg. alexandrini: 323 tavole con l'aggiunta di oltre 7000 monete rispetto al catalogo del 1901 (Trieste, 1999; second edition with supplementary material: 2007)
Dura ExcavationsA. Bellinger, Excavations at Dura-Europos, Final Report VI, The Coins (New Haven, 1949); some now in Yale and NY
EAEpigraphica Anatolica
EdwardsK. M. Edwards, Corinth. Results of Excavations Conduced by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Vol. VI: The Coins 1896 – 1929 (Cambridge/Mass., 1933)
EhlingK. Ehling, Die Münzprägung der mysischen Stadt Germe in der römischen Kaiserzeit (Bonn, 2001)
Elaeusa-SebasteF. Imhoof-Blumer, 'Elaiusa Sebaste', RSN 8 (1898), pp. 24–40
EngelmannH. Engelmann, 'Eine Prägung des Ionischen Bundes', ZPE 9 (1972), pp. 188–92
ÉtudesL. Robert, Études anatoliennes (Paris, 1937), pp. 330–62
EvelpidisSNG Grèce, Collection Réna H. Evelpidis I (1970), II (1975)
FFlorence, Museo Archeologico
FabrettiA. Fabretti et al., Regio Museo di Torino, Monete greche (Turin, 1964)
FalgheraR. Martini and N. Vismara, Monetazione Provinciale Romana. Collezione Winsemann Falghera I–VI (Milan, 1992)
Festschrift Schönert-GeissU. Peter (ed.), Stephanos nomismatikos. Edith Schönert-Geiss zum 65. Geburtstag (Berlin, 1998)
FiorelliA. Fiorelli, Catalogo del Museo Nazionale di Napoli. Medagliere I. Monete Greche (Naples, 1870)
FMF. Imhoof-Blumer, 'Fluss- und Meergötter auf griechischen und römischen Münzen (Personifikationen der Gewässer)', RSN 23 (1923), pp. 173–421
Fonds RobertF. Delrieux, Les monnaies du fonds Louis Robert (Paris, 2012)
FörschnerG. Förschner, Die Münzen der römischen Kaiser in Alexandrien: die Bestände des Münzkabinetts (Frankfurt am Main, 1987)
FrankeP. R. Franke, 'Zur Münzprägung von Methymna', in H.G. Buchholz, Methymna, archäologische Beiträge zur Topographie und Geschichte von Nordlesbos (Mainz am Rhein, 1975), pp. 163–76
Franke, TiosP. R. Franke, 'Zur Chronologie der 'autonomen' Münzen des bithynischen Tios', AA 1966, pp. 58–67
Franke-NolléP. R. Franke and M. K. Nollé, Die Homonoia-Münzen Kleinasiens und der thrakischen Randgebiete I (Berlin, 1997)
FrolovaN. A. Frolova, The Coinage of the Kingdom of Bosporus AD 242–341/342 (Oxford, 1983)
FrolovaN. A. Frolova, The Coinage of the Kingdom of Bosporus AD 69–238 (Oxford, 1979)
GGlasgow, Hunterian Museum (G. MacDonald, Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection, University of Glasgow, I–III (Glasgow, 1899–1905) and J. Goddard, SNG. Parts I–II. Roman Provincial Coins (Oxford, 2004–2007))
GeissenA. Geissen, Katalog Alexandrinischer Kaisermünzen der Sammlung des Instituts für Altertumskunde der Universität zu Köln I–V (Opladen, 1974–82)
GICC. Howgego, Greek Imperial Countermark. Studies in the Provincial Coinage of the Roman Empire (London, 1985)
GillespieJ.U. Gillespie, 'ΚΟΙΟΝ ΙΓ ΠΟΛΕΩΝ. A Study of the Coinage of the « Ionian League »', RBN 102 (1956), pp. 31–53; with addendum in J.U. Gillespie, 'Addendum', RBN 105 (1959), pp. 211–13
GMF. Imhoof-Blumer, Griechische Münzen (Munich, 1890)
GnecchiF. Gnecchi, I Medaglioni Romani I–III (Milan, 1912)
GothaGotha (previously known also as Depositum München)
GRMKF. Imhoof-Blumer, Zur griechischen und römischen Münzkunde (Paris and Geneva, 1908) = RSN 13 (1905), pp. 161–272 and 14 (1908), pp. 1–211
HHague (now Leiden, Penningkabinet)
HarlK. W. Harl,'The Coinage of Neapolis in Samaria', ANSMN 29 (1984), pp. 61–97
HaymannF. Haymann, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Identitätskonstruktion von Aigeai im römischen Kilikien (20 v. – 260 n. Chr.) (Bonn, 2014)
Hecht HoardY. Akyay,'Coins of the City of Perge in the "Hecht Hoard"', İstanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri yıllığı (Annual of the Archaeological Museums of Istanbul) 13–4 (1966), pp. 246–86
HN'B. V. Head, Historia Numorum (Oxford, second edition: 1911)
HunterG. MacDonald, Catalogue of Greek Coins in the Hunterian Collection of Glasgow (Glasgow, 1901)
Hunter IIA. S. Robinson, Roman Imperial Coins in the Hunter Coin Cabinet. II. Trajan to Commodus (London, 1971)
I-Bthe first Imhoof-Blumer collection, acquired in 1900 by the Staatliche Museen Berlin (B)
IasosW. Weiser, 'Zur Münzprägung von Iasos, in W. Blümel (ed.), Die Inschriften von Iasos II (Bonn, 1985), pp. 172–80
IKInschriften griechischer Städte aus Kleinasien (Bonn, 1972−)
ILSH. Dessau, Inscriptiones Latinae Selectae (Berlin, 1892–1916)
INJIsrael Numismatic Journal
JdAIJahrbuch des deutschen archäologischen Instituts
JEAJournal of Egyptian Archaeology
JHSThe Journal of Hellenic Studies (London)
JIANJournal International d'Archéologie Numismatique (Athens, 1863–1923)
JNGJahrbuch für Numismatik und Geldgeschichte (Munich)
JÖAIJahreshefte des Österreichischen Archäologischen Instituts in Wien
JohnstonA. Johnston, Greek Imperial Denominations, ca. 200–275. A Study of the Roman Provincial Bronze Coinages of Asia Minor (London, 2007)
JohnstonA. Johnston, 'Aphrodisias Reconsidered', NC 155 (1995), pp. 43–100
Johnston, AphrodisiasA. Johnston,'Aphrodisias Reconsidered', NC 155 (1995), pp. 43–100
Johnston, SardisA. Johnston, The Greek coins, in T. Buttrey et al., Greek, Roman and Islamic Coins from Sardis, Archaeological Exploration of Sardis (Cambridge, MA, 1981), pp. 1–89.
JRSJournal of Roman Studies (London)
JurukovaJ. Jurukova, Le monnayage des villes en Mésie Inférieure et en Thrace pendant le IIe – IIIe s. Hadrianopolis (Sofia, 1987)
Kadman IL. Kadman, Corpus Nummorum Palestinensium I, The Coins of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1956)
Kadman IIL. Kadman, Corpus Nummorum Palestinensium II, The Coins of Caesarea Maritima (Jerusalem, 1957)
Kadman IVL. Kadman, Corpus Nummorum Palestinensium IV, The Coins of Akko Ptolemais (Jerusalem, 1961)

Kadman, Aelia Capitolina

L. Kadman, The Coins of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1956)

Kadman, Caesarea Maritima

L. Kadman, The Coinage of Caesarea Maritima (Jerusalem, 1957)
Kadman, PtolemaisL. Kadman, The Coinage of Akko Ptolemais (Jerusalem, 1961)
KampmannU. Kampmann, Die Homonoia-Verbindungen der Stadt Pergamon (Saarbrücken, 1996)
KaranisR. A. Haatvedt and E. E. Peterson, Coins from Karanis: the University of Michigan excavations, 1924–1935 (Ann Arbor, 1964)
KarbachF.-B. Karbach,'Die Münzprägung der Stadt Augusta in Kilikien, Teil 1', JNG 40 (1990), pp. 35–68
Karbach, AugustaF.-B. Karbach, 'Die Münzprägung der Stadt Augusta in Kilikien. Teil 1', JNG 40 (1990), pp. 35–68
Karbach, EirenopolisF.-B. Karbach, 'Die Münzprägung der Stadt Eirenopolis in Ostkilikien', JNG 42/3 (1992/3), pp. 83–145
KarwieseS. Karwiese, Die Münzprägung von Ephesos (Vienna, 2012)
KarwieseS. Karwiese, [on the coinage of Ephesus] in RE Suppl. XII (1980), cols. 329–63
Kaufmann/StauberF.-M. Kaufmann and J. Stauber, 'Poimanenon bei Eski Manyas? Zeugnisse und Lokalisierung einer kaum bekannten Stadt', in Studien zum antiken Kleinasien II. Asia Minor Studien 8 (1992), pp. 43–85
KeckmanU. Westermark and R. Ashton, SNG Finland. The Erkki Keckman Collection in the Skopbank, Helsinki. Part 1: Karia (Helsinki, 1994), R. Ashton, Part II: Asia Minor except Karia (1999)
KindlerA. Kindler, The Coinage of Bostra (Warminster, 1983)
Kindler, BostraA. Kindler, The Coinage of Bostra (Warminster, 1983)
Kindler, GevaA. Kindler, 'The Coins from Geva', in B. Mazar (ed.), Geva (1988), pp. 43–67
Kindler, TiberiasA. Kindler, The Coins of Tiberias (1961)
KloseD. A. O. Klose, Die Münzprägung von Smyrna in der römischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1987)
Klose, SmyrnaD. A. O. Klose, Die Münzprägung von Smyrna in der römischen Kaiserzeit (Berlin, 1987)
KMF. Imhoof-Blumer, Kleinasiatische Münzen (Vienna, 1901–2)
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Köhler-OsbahrK. Martin, Sammlung Köhler-Osbahr Bd.III/1. Griechische Münzen und ihr Umfeld (Duisburg, 2003), coins now at Duisburg, Kultur- und Stadthistorisches Museum
KolloquiumJ. Nollé, B. Overbeck and P. Weiss (eds), Internationales Kolloquium zur kaiserzeitlichen Münzprägung Kleinasiens. 27. – 30. April 1994 in der Staatlichen Münzsammlung München (Milan, 1997)
Kongress Berlin 1997B. Kluge and B. Weisser (eds), XII. Internationaler Numismatischer Kongress Berlin 1997. Akten – Proceedings (Berlin, 2000)
KraftK. Kraft, Das System der kaiserzeitlichen Münzprägung in Kleinasien (Berlin, 1972)
Kremydi-SicilianouS. Kremydi-Sicilianou, The Coinage of the Roman Colony of Dion (Athens, 1996)
KrollJ. H. Kroll, 'Hemiobols to Assaria: the Bronze Coinage of Roman Aigion', NC 156 (1996), pp. 49–78
KrzyzanowksaA. Krzyzanowksa, Monnaies coloniales d'Antioche de Pisidie (Warsaw, 1970)
KubitschekW. Kubitschek, 'Ninica Claudiopolis', ZN 34 (1902), pp. 1–27
LeakeLeake (partly published in SNG and W.M. Leake, Numismata Hellenica (London, 1856) with Supplement, 1859)
Lederer IP. Lederer, Neue Beiträge zur antiken Münzkunde aus schweizerischen öffentlichen und privaten Sammlungen, RSN 30 (1943), pp. 1–103.
Lederer IIP. Lederer, Neue Beiträge zur antiken Münzkunde aus schweizerischen öffentlichen und privaten Sammlungen (Schluss), RSN 34 (1948/9), pp. 5–18.
Leschhorn, W. Leschhorn, Antike Ären. Zeitrechnung, Politik und Geschichte im Schwarzmeerraum und in Kleinasien nördlich des Tauros (Stuttgart, 1993)
Leschhorn, Lexikon W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen, Band II (Vienna, 2009)
LevanteE. Levante, SNG Switzerland I. Levante. Cilicia (Bern, 1986); Supplement 1 (Bern, 1993)
Levante S1E. Levante, SNG Switzerland I. Levante-Cilicia. Supplement 1 (1993)
Levante, AdanaE. Levante,'The Coinage of Adana in Cilicia', NC 144 (1984), pp. 81–94
Levante, CCE. Levante,'Cilician Coinage', NC 151 (1991), pp. 205–12
Levante, CoracesiumE. Levante, 'The Coinage of Korakesion in Cilicia', NC 1978, pp. 24–32
Levante, draftE. Levante, Draft for the Roman Provincial Coinage volume IX (unpublished). A copy is kept in P
Levante, RhosusE. Levante, 'The Coinage of Rhosus', NC 145 (1985), pp. 237–43
Levante, SelinusE. Levante,'The Coinage of Selinus in Cilicia', NC 150 (1990), pp. 226–33
Levante, TitiopolisE. Levante, 'The Coinage of Titiopolis in Cilicia', NC 142 (1982), pp. 134–7
Levante, ZephyrionE. Levante, 'The Coinage of Zephyrion in Cilicia', NC 148 (1988), pp. 134–41
LewisI. A. Carradice, SNG British Isles VI. Corpus Christi College Cambridge. The Lewis Collection II. The Greek Imperial Coins (London, 1992)
LeypoldW. Szaivert and C. Daburon, SNG Österreich. Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit. Vol. I–II (Vienna, 2000–2004)
LeypoldF. Leypold, 'Die Bronzekleinmünzen von Selge in Pisidien', MÖNG 34 (1994), pp. 85–91
LGPNLexicon of Greek Personal Names (Oxford, from 1987)
LIMGLexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Graecae
Lindgren IH. C. Lindgren and F. L. Kovacs, Ancient Bronze Coins of Asia Minor and the Levant from the Lindgren Collection (San Mateo, 1985)
Lindgren IIH. C. Lindgren, Ancient Greek Bronze Coins: European Mints from the Lindgren Collection (San Mateo, 1989)
Lindgren IIIH. C. Lindgren, Ancient Greek Bronze Coins from the Lindgren Collection (San Francisco, 1993)
LischineC. N. Lischine, Collection C.N. Lischine. Monnaies grecques. Thrace (Mâcon, 1902)
LNVLitterae Numismaticae Vindobonenses
LöbbA. Löbbecke collection, now in the Staatliche Museen Berlin (B)
LSF. Imhoof-Blumer, Lydische Stadtmünzen (Geneva and Leipzig, 1897)
MaMadrid, Museo Arqueológico Nacional
MabbottH. Schulman, New York, 6 June 1969, coll. T.O. Mabbott (by H. Holzer)
MacDonaldD. MacDonald, The Coinage of Aphrodisias (London, 1992)
MadžarovK. Madžarov,'Unpublizierte Münztypen der Prägestätte Augusta Traiana', in Festschrift Schönert-Geiss, pp. 441–7
MartinF. Martin, Kolonialprägungen aus Moesia Superior und Dacia (Budapest and Bonn, 1992)
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MavrogordatoJ. Mavrogordato, A Chronological Arrangement of the Coins of Chios (Oxford, 1918, reprinted from NC 1915–18)
MazziniG. Mazzini, Monete Imperiali Romane. IV: da Pacaziano a Valeria (Milan, 1957)
McAleeR. McAlee, The Coins of Roman Antioch (Lancaster, 2007); a supplement published at http://www.cngcoins.com/photos/CNG_McAlee_Roman_Antioch_Supplement_1.pdf
McAleeD. G. McAlee (forthcoming)
McCleanS. W. Grose, Fitzwilliam Museum. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins I–III (Cambridge, 1923–29)
MCVMélanges de la Casa de Velázquez
MDAIMitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts: Athens (A), Istanbul (I) and Rome (R)
MEFRMélanges de l'École Française de Rome
Megalopolis-SebasteiaH.-D. Schultz, 'Megalopolis-Sebasteia', in G. Le Rider, K. Jenkins, N. Waggoner and U. Westermark (eds), Kraay-Mørkholm Essays (Louvain-La-Neuve, 1989), pp. 259–66
MélangesE. Babelon, Mélanges Numismatiques II (Paris, 1893), pp. 209–96
MeshorerY. Meshorer, The Coinage of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1989)

Meshorer, Aelia Capitolina

Y. Meshorer, The Coinage of Aelia Capitolina (Jerusalem, 1989)

Meshorer, Caesarea Paneas

Y. Meshorer, 'The Coins of Caesarea Paneas', INJ 8 (1984–5), pp. 37–58
Meshorer, City-CoinsY. Meshorer, City-Coins of Eretz-Israel and the Decapolis in the Roman Period (Jerusalem, 1985)
Meshorer, DoraY. Meshorer, 'The Coins of Dora', INJ 9 (1986), pp. 59–72
Meshorer, Eretz-IsraelY. Meshorer, City-Coins of Eretz-Israel and the Decapolis in the Roman Period (Jerusalem, 1985)
Meshorer, RaphiaY. Meshorer, 'Monnaies de Raphia', RN 1976, pp. 57–68
MetcalfW. E. Metcalf, The Silver Coinage of Cappadocia, Vespasian-Commodus, NNM 166 (New York, 1996)
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MFMadrider Forschungen
MGF. Imhoof-Blumer, Monnaies grecques (Amsterdam, 1883)
MiT. E. Mionnet, Description des médailles antiques, grecques et romaines (Paris, 1806–37)
MilanMilan, Civiche Raccolte
MilneJ. G. Milne, A Catalogue of the Alexandrian Coins in the Ashmolean Museum (Oxford, 1933, reprint with supplement, 1971)
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MMMadrider Mitteilungen
MM AGMünzen und Medaillen AG, Basel
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Mouchmov, Philip. N. A. Mouchmov, Les monnaies antiques de Philippopolis (year uncertain, probably 1926)
Mouchmov, SerdicaN. A. Mouchmov, Les monnaies et les ateliers monétaires de Serdica (1926)
MuMunich, Staatliche Münzsammlung (part published in H.R. Baldus, SNG Deutschland. Staatliche Münzsammlung München VII. Taurische Chersones - Moesia Inferior (1980), J. Kroll, XIV. Attika, Megaris, Aegina (2001), H.R. Baldus, XIX. Troas-Lesbos (1991), XXIII. Lydien (1997), W. Leschhorn, XXIV. Phrygien (1989), H.R. Baldus, XXVIII. Syrien: Nicht-Königliche Prägungen (2001))
MüllerH. Müller, 'Claudia Basilo und ihre Verwandschaft', Chiron 10 (1980), pp. 457–84
MünsterbergR. Münsterberg,'Die Beamtennamen auf den griechischen Münzen', NZ 1911, 1912, 1914
Münsterberg, BeamtennamenR. Münsterberg, Die Beamtennamen auf den griechischen Münzen (Vienna, 1914)
NCNumismatic Chronicle (London)
NCircNumismatic Circular, Spink
NCPF. Imhoof-Blumer and P. Gardner, A Numismatic Commentary on Pausanias (1887)
NFANumismatic Fine Arts
NickleUniversity of Calgary, The Nickle Arts Museum
NiggelerBank Leu-MMAG 21 Oct. 1966, coll. W. Niggeler II, Griechische Münzen der römischen Kaiserzeit, Römische Münzen: Republik bis Augustus
NNBNumismatisches Nachrichtenblatt
NNMNumismatic Notes and Monographs (New York)
NordbøJ. H. Nordbø, Utmyntningen på Knidos, 394 f. Kr. – ca. 210 e.Kr. (unpublished Magistergradsavhandling i Numismatikk, Oslo 1972)
Nordbø, AmisusJ. H. Nordbø, 'The Imperial Silver Coinage of Amisus 131/2 – 137/8 A.D.', in Studies in Ancient History and Numismatics presented to Rudi Thomsen (Aarhus, 1988), pp. 166–78
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OikonomidouΜ. Οικονομίδου-Καραμεσίνη, Η Νομισματοκοπία της Νικοπόλεως (Athens, 1975)
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PEQPalestine Exploration Quarterly
PetrovicJ. Petrovic, 'Stobi in der Numimatik', Numizmaticar 1 (1934), pp. 20–9
PicardO. Picard, Chalcis et la Confédération eubéenne (Athens/Paris, 1979)
PRFPrivate coll. PRF
Price/TrellM. J. Price and B. L. Trell, Coins and their Cities (London, 1977)
PrieurM. and K. Prieur, The Syro-Phoenician Tetradrachms and their fractions from 57 BC to AD 258 (Lancaster PA and London, 2000)
Prowe IGebr. Egger 1904, coll. Prowe
Prowe IIGebr. Egger 40 (2 June 1912), coll. Prowe II
Prowe IIIGebr. Egger 46 (11 June 1914), coll. Prowe III
QTNumismatica e Antichità Classiche. Quaderni Ticinesi (Lugano)
RANRevue Archéologique de Narbonnaise
Rauchthe two collections of von Rauch, acquired in 1853 and 1878 by the Staatliche Museen Berlin (B)
RBNRevue Belge de Numismatique (Brussels)
REA. Pauly, Real-Encyclopaedie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft (ed. G. Wissowa et al.)
RecW. Waddington, E. Babelon and T. Reinach, Recueil général des monnaies grecques d'Asie mineure (Paris, 1904–12, with a second edition of the first fascicule, 1925); a useful copy in P with annotations for the preparation of a second edition of all parts
ReglingK. Regling, Die Münzen von Priene (Berlin, 1927)
Regling, NysaK. Regling, 'Überblick über die Münzprägung von Nysa', in W. v. Diest, Nysa ad Maeandrum (= Jahrbuch des Kaiserlich Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Ergängzungsheft 10, 1913), pp. 70–103
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RHJAPrivate collection RHJA, London
RhM Rheinisches Museum (Cologne)
RICThe Roman Imperial Coinage (London, 1923–)
RighettiB. Kapossy, SNG Schweiz II. Münzen der Antike. Katalog der Sammlung Jean-Pierre Righetti im Bernischen Historischen Museum (1993)
RINRivista ltaliana di Numismatica (Milan)
RNRevue Numismatique (Paris)
RobertA. Dupont-Sommer and L. Robert, La Déesse de Hiérapolis Castabala (Cilicie) (Paris, 1964)
Robert, CarieJ. and L. Robert, La Carie II (Paris, 1954)
Robert, VillesL. Robert, Villes d'Asie Mineure. Etudes de géographie ancienne (Paris, 1962)
RogersE. Rogers, The Copper Coinage of Thessaly (London, 1932)
RomeRome, Museo Nazionale Romano
RosenbergerM. Rosenberger, The Rosenberger Israel Collection I–III (Jerusalem, 1972–77); The Coinage of Eastern Palestine and Legionary Countermarks, Bar-Kochba Overstrucks (Jerusalem, 1978)
RouvierJ. Rouvier, 'Numismatique des Villes de la Phénicie', JIAN 3 (1900), pp. 125–68 and 237–312 (Aradus-Berytus); 4 (1901), pp. 35–66 (Botrys, Gebal-Byblos, Caesarea-ad-Libanum); 4 (1901), pp. 125–52 (Dora, Eboda, Marathus, Orthosia); 5 (1902), pp. 99–134 and 228–84 (Sidon); 6 (1903), pp. 17–46 (Tripolis); 6 (1903), pp. 269–332 (Tyre); 7 (1904), pp. 65–108 Tyre, as a colony)
RPC CSP. P. Ripollès, A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage. Consolidated Supplement I–III (1992–2015), RPC online (2015)
RPC IA. Burnett, M. Amandry, P. P. Ripollès, Roman Provincial Coinage I. From the death of Caesar to the death of Vitellius (44 BCAD 69) (London and Paris, 1992); reprinted 1998, 2006
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RPC IXA. Hostein, J. Mairat, Roman Provincial Coinage IX. From Trajan Decius to Uranius Antoninus (AD 249–254) (London and Paris, 2016)
RPC onlineC. Howgego, J. Mairat, V. Heuchert, Roman Provincial Coinage Online: http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk (Oxford, since 2005)
RPC Supp. 1A. Burnett, M. Amandry, Roman Provincial Coinage. Supplement 1 (London and Paris, 1999)
RPC Supp. 2A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, Roman Provincial Coinage. Supplement 2 (http://www.uv.es/~ripolles/rpc_s2, 2006)
RPC Supp. 3M. Amandry, A. Burnett, I. Carradice, P. P. Ripollès, M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage. Supplement 3 (http://numismatics.org/Store/RPCS3, 2014)
RPC Supp. CSP. P. Ripollès, A. Burnett, M. Amandry, I. Carradice, M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage. Consolidated Supplement III (1992–2015) (http://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/supp/rpc_cons_supp_1-3.pdf)
RPC VII.1M. Spoerri Butcher, Roman Provincial Coinage VII.1. De Gordien I à Gordien III, Province d'Asie (Paris and London, 2006)
RSNRevue Suisse de Numismatique (Schweizerische Numismatische Rundschau)
Ruzicka, PautaliaL. Ruzicka, Die Münzen von Pautalia (Sofia, 1933)
Ruzicka, SerdicaL. Ruzicka, 'Die Münzen von Serdica', ZfN 48 (1915), pp. 1–82
SACTR. Ashton (ed.), Studies in Ancient Coinage from Turkey (London, 1996)
SANJournal of the Society for Ancient Numismatics
Sardis ExcavationsT. V. Buttrey, A. Johnston, K. M. MacKenzie, M. L. Bates, Greek, Roman and Islamic Coins from Sardis (Harvard, 1981)
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Schefold, BildnisseK. Schefold, Die Bildnisse der antiken Dichter, Redner und Denker (Basel, 1943)
SchönertE. Schönert-Geiss, Die Münzprägung von Maroneia (Berlin, 1987)
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SchwertheimE. Schwertheim (ed.), Die Inschriften von Kyzikos und Umgebung. Teil II. Miletupolis (Bonn, 1983)
SEGSupplementum Epigraphicum Graecum (Amsterdam)
SeyrigH. Seyrig, 'Le Monnayage de Ptolémaïs in Phénicie', RN 1962, pp. 25–50
Simpson‘Greek Imperials from the Simpson Collection', in A. Ramage (ed.), Emblems of Authority. Greek and Roman Coins from two Alumni Collections (Ithaca, 1994)
SMSchweizer Münzblätter (Gazette Numismatique Suisse)
SNGSylloge Nummorum Graecorum
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SNG LevanteE. Levante, SNG Switzerland I. Levante. Cilicia (Bern, 1986); Supplement 1 (Bern, 1993)
SNG LewisI. Carradice, Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum, volume VI, The Lewis Collection in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, part II (Oxford, 1992)
SNG LeypoldW. Szaivert, C. Daburon, SNG Österreich. Sammlung Leypold, Kleinasiatische Münzen der Kaiserzeit. Vol. I–II (Vienna, 2000–2004)
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SNRSchweizerische Numismatische Rundschau (Revue Suisse de Numismatique)
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StStockholm, National Museum of Monetary History
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SzaivertW. Szaivert, Die Münzprägung der Kaiser Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus und Commodus (161–192) (Vienna, 1986)
TTurin, Museo Civico (published in Fabretti)
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Tahberercasts in the Levante documentation from K. Tahberer, SNG Turkey, Tahberer - Cilicia
Tarsus hoardA. M. Woodward,'A Hoard of Imperial Coins from Tarsus', NC 1925, pp. 201–35
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Ténos IR. Étienne and J.-B. Braun, Ténos I. Le Sanctuaire de Poseidon et d'Amphitrite (Athens, 1986)
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TübingenTübingen University (part published in D. Mannsperger, SNG Deutschland. Universität Tübingen. II. Taurische Chersones-Korkyra (1982), III. Akarnanien-Bithynien (1985), Mysien-Ionien (1989), V. Karien und Lydien (1994), VI. Phrygien-Kappadokien (1998)
TyraA. N. Zograph, The Coinage of Tyra (Moscow, 1957, in Russian)
vAvon Aulock Collection (ex private collection; mostly published in SNG; some now in L)
vA AezaniH. von Aulock, 'Zur Münzprägung von Aezanoi', in R. Naumann (ed.), Der Zeustempel zu Aizanoi (Berlin, 1979), pp. 82–94
vA IndexP. R. Franke, W. Leschhorn and A. U. Stylow, SNG Deutschland, Sammlung von Aulock, Index (Berlin, 1981)
vA KolbasaH. von Aulock,'Kleinasiatische Münzstätten', JNG 19 (1969), pp. 79–88
vA KomamaH. von Aulock,'Kleinasiatische Münzstätten', JNG 20 (1970), pp. 151–9
vA Lykao. H. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Lykaoniens (Tübingen, 1976)
vA MopsosH. von Aulock,'Die Münzprägung der kilikischen Stadt Mopsos', AA 1963, pp. 231–78
vA OlbasaH. von Aulock, 'Kleinasiatische Münzstätten VIII. Die römische Kolonie Olbasa', JNG 21 (1971), pp. 15–21
vA ParlaisH. von Aulock, 'Kleinasiatische Münzstätten X. Parlais in Pisidien', JNG 23 (1973), pp. 7–18
vA Phryg.H. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Phrygiens I–II (Tübingen, 1980–87)
vA PhrygienH. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Phrygiens I–II (Tübingen, 1980–87)
vA Pisid.H. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Pisidiens I–II (Tübingen, 1977–79)
vA PisidienH. von Aulock, Münzen und Städte Pisidiens I–II (Tübingen, 1977–79)
VatVatican, Biblioteca Apostolica
Voegtli, HeldenepenH. Voegtli, Bilder der Heldenepen in der kaiserzeitlichen griechischen Münzprägung (Basel, 1977)
Voegtli, StadtgrabungH. Voegtli, Die Fundmünzen aus der Stadtgrabung von Pergamon (Berlin, 1993)
von FritzeH. von Fritze, Die antiken Münzen Mysiens (Berlin, 1913)
von Fritze, IlionH. von Fritze, 'Die Münzen von Ilion', in W. von Dörpfeld (ed.), Troia und Ilion (Athens, 1902), pp. 477–534
von Fritze, Mys.H. von Fritze, Die antiken Münzen Mysiens (Berlin, 1913)
von Fritze, PergamonH. von Fritze,'Die antiken Münzen von Pergamon', Abhandlungen der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Classe (Berlin, 1910)
WaE. Babelon, Inventaire sommaire de la collection Waddington (Paris, 1898); now mostly in P
WaageD. B. Waage, Antioch-on-the-Orontes, IV, Part Two: Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Crusaders' Coins (Princeton, 1952)
WeberL. Forrer, Descriptive Catalogue of the Collection of Greek Coins formed by Sir Hermann Weber (London, 1922–9)
Weber, ΧΑΡΙΤΕΣL. Weber, 'Zur Münzprägung des phrygischen Hierapolis', in ΧΑΡΙΤΕΣ. Friedrich Leo zum sechzigsten Geburtstag (Berlin, 1911), pp. 466–90
WinsemannR. Martini and N. Vismara, Monetazione Provinciale Romana. Collezione Winsemann Falghera I–VI (Milan, 1992)
WinterthurWinterthur, Münzkabinett
YaleYale University Art Gallery (the numismatic collection is currently housed in the Sterling Memorial Library)
Yapı KrediO. Tekin, Grek ve Roma sikkeleri: Yapı Kredi koleksiyonu (Greek and Roman coins: the Yapı Kredi collection) (Istanbul, 1994)
Zeugma hoardM. Önal, Zeugma Tetradrahmi definesi (Gaziantep, 2008)
ZfNZeitschrift für Numismatik (Berlin)
ZieglerR. Ziegler, Münzen Kilikiens aus kleineren deutschen Sammlungen (München, 1988)
Ziegler, AnazarbosR. Ziegler, Kaiser, Heer und städtisches Geld. Untersuchungen zur Münzprägung von Anazarbos und anderer ostkilikischer Städte (Vienna, 1993)
Ziegler, PrestigeR. Ziegler, Städtisches Prestige und kaiserliche Politik, Studien zum Festwesen in Ostkilikien im 2. und 3. Jahrhundert n. Chr (Düsseldorf, 1985)
ZPEZeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik (Bonn)
ZwickerU. Zwicker, Griechische Münzen: Griechenland, Ägäis, Pontus, Paphlagonien und Bithynien: Sammlung Zwicker, Teil 2 (Erlangen, 1996); Antike Münzen aus Kleinasien (Mysien bis Pisidien) Sammlung Zwicker, Teil 3 (Erlangen, 1996); Antike Münzen (Lycaonia bis Parther) Sammlung Zwicker, Teil 4 (Erlangen, 1997)

Person List

Abgar VIII
Aelius and Sabina
Annia Aurelia Faustina
Antoninus Pius
Augustus (under Hadrian)
Augustus (under Trajan)
Caecilia Paulina
Caracalla or Elagabalus (?)
Commodus and Crispinia
Cornelia Supera
Cotys II
Cotys III
Decius and Etruscilla
Decius and Etruscus
Decius, Etruscilla and Etruscus
Decius, Etruscilla, Etruscus and Hostilian
Decius, Etruscus and Hostilian
Diva Paulina
Elagabalus and Annia Faustina
Elagabalus and Julia Cornelia Paula
Elagabalus and Julia Maesa
Elagabalus and Severus Alexander
Etruscus and Hostilian
Etruscus or Hostilian
Faustina I
Faustina II
Gallus and Volusian
Gordian I
Gordian II
Gordian III
Gordian III and Tranquillina
Hadrian and Aelius
Hadrian and Antoninus Pius
Hadrian and Sabina
Hadrian, Aelius and Sabina
Julia Aquilia Severa
Julia Cornelia Paula
Julia Maesa
Julia Mamaea
Julia Soaemias
Livia (under Trajan)
Lucius Verus
Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius
Maximinus and Diva Paulina
Maximinus and Maximus
Ma"nu VIII
Nerva (under Trajan)
Nerva and Trajan
Otacilia Severa
Philip I
Philip I and Otacilia Severa
Philip I and Philip II
Philip II
Plotina and Marciana
Plotina and Matidia
Pupienus, Balbinus and Gordian III
Rhescuporis II-III
Rhescuporis III-IV
Rhescuporis V
Sallustia Orbiana
Sauromates I
Sauromates II
Sauromates III
Septimius Severus
Severus Alexander
Severus Alexander and Julia Maesa
Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea
Trajan (under Hadrian)
Trajan and Plotina
Trajan, Plotina and Marciana
Uranius Antoninus

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