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Index Of All Titles


Aes Formatum
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Pottery
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Augustus - Facing Portrait
Bronze Disease
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Holy Land Antiquities
Horse Harnesses
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Medusa Coins
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Paleo-Hebrew Script Styles
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Coin Legends and Inscriptions
Roman Keys
Roman Locks
Roman Militaria
Roman Military Belts
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

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Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.
ITALIA, Italy. This most noble and most interesting of European countries was thus called, from Italus, ancient King of the CEnotrians, or, a Thueydides says, of the Sicilians, previous to which it bore the name of Hesperia, from Hesperius, brother of Atlas, King of Mauritania. Latium and Ausonia are also names of certain parts of the same celebrated and beautiful region, which has for its natural boundries the Alps and the Mediterranean Sea.

ITALIA Italy 's fertility and power over the rest of the world are expressed: the one by the cornucopiae and the ears of corn; the other by the sceptre, on coins of Vespian, Titus, Hadrian, etc. First brass medals of Antoninus Pius and also of Commodus represent ITALIA under the figure of a matronly female (the latter with head turrited) sitting on a globe and holding the hasta pura and cornucopia.

ITALIA. A woman standing with a spear in her right and cornucopiae in the left hand. It is thus that Italy and its personified genius are stamped on silver coins of Hadrian, whose arrival in that country (ADVENTIS AVG ITALIAE) is also marked on others of his medals. A woman with cornucopiae, holding a patera on a lighted altar, on the other side of which stands the emperor: ADVENTI AVG ITALIAE: on the gold, silver, and brass of Hadrian.

Hadrian 's first coming to Italy is dated in the year of Rome 871, and this advent was often commemorated; as often, indeed, as he returned to the capital of his empire from his accustomed peregrinations. But it also appears that the mistress of the world reveived many benefits and embellishments from him. He remitted her fiscal debt; an indulgence which greatly relieved Italy. In and increased spirit of liberality he remitted to her moreover the aurum coronarium (see the words); and he augmented the funds which Trajan had destined for the maintenance (alimenta) of a certain number of the Italian youth of both sexes.

He likewise bore annual honorary office in the magistry of many cities of Italy; thus establishing, beyond the mere claim of imperial flattery, his pretension to be called RESTITVTOR ITALIAE, as he is styled on a fine large brass medal, the reverse of which exhibits the emperor who, standing, raises with his hand a woman bending the knee to him, and holding the cornucopiae.

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