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A Case of Counterfeits
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Coins of Pontius Pilate
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Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Denarii of Otho
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Fel Temp Reparatio
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Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Greek Coin Denominations
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Greek Numismatic Dictionary
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The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Holy Land Antiquities
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
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Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
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Later Roman Coinage
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Maps of the Ancient World
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The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
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People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Coin Legends and Inscriptions
Roman Military Belts
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
The Hasmonean (Heb. Hashmoniee) Dynasty was a Jewish dynasty ruling Judaea (140–37 BC). The first Hasmonean was Simon Maccabaeus, whose brother, Judas (Heb. Yehudah HaMakabi lit. Judeah the Hammer), helped lead the revolt against Antiochus IV 25 years before, in 165 BCE. The Hasmonean Dynasty ended in 37 BCE by Herod.
In 198 BCE, Antiochus IV Epiphanes took over Judaea. Mattithias Maccabaeus (Heb. Matityahu) was very upset that Antiochus was trying to convert the Jews, by putting statues of their Gods in the Temple. Mattathias saw a Jew sacrificing a pig, so he ran up and killed him, thus proclaiming a revolt. Mattathias go his sons, led by Judah, to hide in the caves of Modi 'in (thought to be located somewhere between modern-day Jerusalem and Tel-Aviv). They attacked and defeated Antiochus in 165 BCE. This is the story of the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah.
The dynasty spanned for over 100 years until Mattathiah Antigonus was beheaded by command of Mark Antony, and Herod the Great (Herod I) conquered Judea (IVDAEA) Provence. This was the start of the Herodian Dynasty.
1. Mattathias, 170–167 BC
2. Judas Maccabeus, 167–160 BC
3. Jonathan Maccabeus, 153–143 BC (first to hold the title of High Priest)
4. Simon Maccabeus, 142–141 BC
5. Simon, 141–135 BC
6. Hyrcanus I*, 134–104 BC (First coins minted)
7. Aristobulus I*, 104–103 BC
8. Alexander Jannaeus*, 103–76 BC
9. Salome Alexandra**, 76–67 BC (Queen of Judaea, no coins minted)
10. Hyrcanus II*, 67–66 BCE
11. Aristobulus II*, 66–63 BCE
12. Hyrcanus II*, 63–40 BCE (restored but demoted to Ethnarch)
13. Antigonus*, 40–37 BCE
14. Aristobulus III, 36 BC (only as High Priest)
* Minted Coins
** Queen Salome Alexandra (Heb. Shelomit, Shlomtzion) did not mint coins in her name because she was a woman and therefore could not hold the title of Kohen Gadol (High Priest). She may have minted coins under the name of her first husband Alexander Jannaeus (Yehonatan) or Hyrcanus II (Yonatan), son and soon-to-be Kohen.
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