- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!! NumisWiki Is An Enormous Unique Resource Including Hundreds Of Books And Thousands Of Articles Online!!! The Column On The Left Includes Our "Best of NumisWiki" Menu If You Are New To Collecting - Start With Ancient Coin Collecting 101 NumisWiki Includes The Encyclopedia of Roman Coins and Historia Nummorum If You Have Written A Numismatic Article - Please Add It To NumisWiki All Blue Text On The Website Is Linked - Keep Clicking To ENDLESSLY EXPLORE!!! Please Visit Our Shop And Find A Coin You Love Today!!!

× Resources Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
How to
Index Of All Titles


Aes Formatum
Aes Grave
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Pottery
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Folles
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Augustus - Facing Portrait
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Holy Land Antiquities
Horse Harnesses
Identifying Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Malloy Weapons
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Paleo-Hebrew Script Styles
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Locks
Roman Militaria
Roman Military Belts
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

   View Menu

Greek Numismatic Dictionary

ΑΓΩΝ - competition, games

ΑΓΩΝΟΘΕΤΗΣ (abbreviation: ΑΓΩ) - Supervisor of the games

ΑΔΡΙΑΝΟϹ - Hadrianus, Hadrian

ΑΝΕΘΗΚΕ - has bestowed

ΑΝΘΥΠΑΤΟΣ - Proconsul

ANTIOXOY - Antiochos 

ΑΠΟ∆Ε∆ΕΙΓΜΕΝΟΣ (abbreviation: ΑΠΟ∆) - Lat. designatus (on coins of Philippopolis), designated, elected but not yet in Office

ΑΡΞΩΝ - head of

ΑΡΧ Α - Archon for the 1st time

ΑΡXΙΕΡΑ - High priestess (Eumeneia/Phrygia)

ΑΡXΙΕΡΑΤΙΚΟΝ - Special crown of the Archiereus

ΑΡXΙΕΡΕΥΣ (abbreviation: ΑΡX) - High priest

ΑΡXΙΕΡΕΥΣ ΑΣΙΑΣ - High priest of Asia

ΑΡXΩΝ - (abbreviation: ARX) - Archon, ruler (chief), Magistrate

ΑΣΥΛΟΝ (abbreviation: ΑΣ) - [with an] Asylum (a city with a temple or shrine offering an inviolable refuge for persons fleeing from pursuit)

ΑΣΚΑΛΩ - Ascalon/Ashkelon, Ashqelon

ΑΥΤΟΚΡΑΤΩΡ (abbreviations: Α, ΑΥ, ΑΥΤ, ΑΥΤΟΚ) - Emperor (self-ruler, autocrator)

ΑΥΤΟΝΟΜΟΣ (abbreviations: Α, ΑΥ, ΑΥΤ, ΑΥΤΟ) - the autonomous (self-ruling City)

ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ (abbreviations: Β) - of king, from ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ - king

BAΣIΛEΩΣ BAΣIΛEΩN - king of kings 


ΒΟΥΛΗ - council (personification)

ΓΕΡΜΑΝΙΚΟΣ (abbreviations: ΓΕΡ, ΓΕΡΜ) - Germanicus (defeated the Germans)

ΓΡΑΜΜΑΤΕΥΣ (abbreviations: ΓΡ) - Magistrate (e.g. in Magnesia ad Maeandrum)

∆ΑΚΙΚΟΣ (abbreviations: ∆ΑΚ, ∆ΑΚΙΚ) - Lat. Dacicus (defeated the Dacians)

∆Ε (4+5) instead of Θ (9), because it was the initial letter of ΘΑΝΑΤΟΣ (= death) and therefore taboo

∆ΕΚΑΕΘΡΙΣ ΚΥΡΙΟΥ - 10 years anniversary of our Lord (originally religious)

ΔEKIOC - Decius

∆ΕΚΑΤΟΥ (Abbreviation: ∆ΕΚ, ∆ΕΚΑ)- of the 10th [year]

∆ ΕΠΑΡXΕΙΩΝ (abbreviation: D-E) - (City) of the 4 eparchias (on coins of Antiochia)

∆ΕΣΠΟΤΗΣ (abbreviations: ∆Ε, ∆ΕΣ, ∆ΕΣΠΟ, etc.) - Despot, but not in the modern English sense. The Greek word despotes is roughly equivalent to the Latin dominus and hence means simply 'lord '. In the Byzantine court, the title could be used by high-ranking ecclesiastics (e.g. the Patriarch) as well as by the Emperor. The word appears on Byzantine coins from about the beginning of the 9th-century, the reign of Nicephorus I. Note that on Byzantine coinage the letter S usually appears as C or sometimes S.

∆ΗΜΑΡXΙΚΗ (abbreviation: ∆ΗΜ) - Lat. tribunicia

ΔΗΜΟΣ - Lat. plebs, people

∆ΙΣ - twice

∆ΙΣ ΝΕΩΚΟΡΩΝ (abbreviations: B ΝΕ, B ΝΕΩ, B ΝΕΩΚ) - (city) with 2 neocorias

∆ΙΟΣ ΚΑΤΕΒΑΙΤΟΣ - of the descending Zeus (epikleisis of Zeus as lightning god)

∆Ω∆ΕΩΚΑΤΟΥ (abbreviations: ∆Ω∆ΕΚ) - of the 12th [year]

ΕΘΝΑΡXΟΣ (abbreviation: ΕΘΝ) - Ethnarch, refer to rulers of vassal kingdoms who did not rise to the level of kings. The title first appears in the Hellenistic Middle East, possibly in Judea. Hyrcanus II, one of the later Hasmonean rulers of Judea, held the title of ethnarch, as well as that of High Priest. The best-known is probably Herod Archelaus, son of Herod the Great, who was ethnarch of the chief part of Palestine, Samaria, Judea and Idumea, from the death of his father in 4 BC to AD 6. His brother Philip received the north-east of the realm and was styled Tetrarch (circa 'ruler of a quarter '); and Galilee was given to Herod Antipas, who bore the same title. Consequently, Archelaus ' title singled him out as the senior ruler, higher in rank than the tetrarchs and the chief of the Jewish nation; these three sovereigns were reunited under Herod Agrippa from AD 41 to 44. The Byzantines used the term generically to refer to the rulers of barbarian tribes or realms outside the boundaries of their empire. In modern Greek usage, the term has the connotation of "father of the nation."

ΕΝ∆ΕΚΑΤΟΥ (abbreviation: ΕΝ∆ΕΚ) - of the 11th [year]

ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΑΣ (from ΕΛΕΥΘΕΡΙΑ = freedom) - the free, applied to those cities which had received the rights and privileges of Libertas by means of Senatus approval.

- the famous

ΕΝ∆ΟΞΟΤΕΡΑS - the even more famous

ΕΞΟΥΣΙΑ (abbreviation: ΕΞ) - Lat. potestas, power, authority

ΕΠΑΡXΟΣ (abbreviations: EP, EPA) - Eparch, governor of a province

ΕΠΙ - at (with Dativus), towards (with Accusativus)

ΕΠΙ∆HΜΙΑ - visit in a foreign city (e.g. Hadrian)

ΕΙΡΟΥ - Holy

ΕΝ ΠΟΝΤΩ - in the province of Pontos

EPENN - (H)erennius

ΕΤΟΣ - year

ΕΤΟΥΣ (abbreviation: ET) - of the year

ΕΤΟΥΣ Λ ΝΙΚΗΣ - of the year 30 of the victory

ETPOV - Etruscus

ΕΥΓΕΝΩΝ - of the well born, high-born

ΕΥΕΡΓΈΤΟΥ - Benefactor

ΕΥΣΕΒΗΣ (abbreviations: Ε, ΕΥ, ΕΥΣ) - Lat. pius, pious 

ΕΥΤΥXΩ - (dedicated to the) lucky, favored by Fortuna

ΗΓΕΜΩΝ - Governor

ΗΓΕΜΩΝΕΥΟΝΤΟΣ (abbreviations: ΗΓ, ΗΓΕ) - serving as governor (on Roman Provincial coins)

ΘΕΑ ΡΩΜΗ - the divine Rome, often as Accusativus: ΘΕΑΝ ΡΩΜΗΝ - (honoring) the divine Rome

ΘΕΜΙΑ (Abbreviation: ΘΕΜ) - Themian games, in honor of Themis

ΘΕΟΠΑΤΩΡ - Divine Father

ΘΕΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ (Genitivus) - of the Divine Father

ΘΕΟΣ (abbreviation: ΘΕΟ) - the holy

ΘΕΟΣ - Lat. divus (consecrated - made a god)

ΘΕΩ - Lat. divo (consecrated - made a god)

ΙΕΡA - sanctuary

ΙΕΡΟΣ ∆ΗΜΟΣ - the divine democracy (as personification), literary: ∆ΗΜΟΣ = people


KAI (Abbreviation: K) - and

ΚΑΙΣΑΡ (abbreviations: Κ, ΚΑΙ, ΚΑΙΣ) - Caesar

ΚΑΛΛΙΣΤΟΣ (Abbreviation; K) - the most beautiful

KOINON (abbreviation: KOIN) - the common, then: community, alliance, league, e.g. ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΜΑΚΕ∆ΟΝΩΝ the League of the Macedonians

ΚΡΩΒΥΛΟΣ (or κρώβυλος) -the krobylos is a hairstyle for men and women, popular in the late Archaic and early Classical periods, where the hair is gathered together at the base of the neck, twisted up, and bound under the back of the taenia, or hairband.

ΚΤΙΣΤΗΣ (abbreviation: ΚΤΙΣΤ) - founder (of a City)

KV - Quintus

L - year, of the year (possibly Coptic, on coins of Alexandria and Syria)

Λ - Lucius

M - Marcus

ME - Messius

MECAMBPIANΩN - Mesembria, Thrace

ΜΕΓΙΣΤΟΣ (abbreviation: M) - the greatest

ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΙΣ (abbreviations: ΜΕΤ, ΜΕΤΡ, ΜΕΤΡΟ) - main city

MIΘΡAΔATOY - Mithridates

ΝΑΥΑΡXIΣ - "Lady of a fleet", Epitheton of some harbor towns like Tripolis, Sidon, Tyros or Laodicaea ad Mare

ΝΕΩΚΟΡΙΑ - neocoria (honorary office of the imperial cult, from ΝΕΩΚΟΡΟΣ - temple guard). The permission to establish a neocoria was awarded by the emperor and each city was very proud to get such permission. Yes, the cities competed for the number of neocorias and mentioned it on their coins.

OMONOIA - Concept of order and unity, being of one mind together or union of hearts. It was used by the Greeks to create unity in the politics of classical Greece. It saw widespread use when Alexander the Great adopted its principles to govern his vast Empire. Homonoia was extended under Roman rule in the highly urbanized East as a symbolic mechanism for dealing with intra-city tensions and for linking the sometimes intensely individual eastern city-states (Wikipedia)

ΠΑΤΗΡ ΠΑΤΡΙΑΣ (abbreviation: ΠΠ) - Lat. Pater Patriae (Father of the country)

ΠETPA - Petra, Nabataea

ΠΡΕΣΒΕΥΤΗΣ - legatus Augusti pro praetore (Tyana)

ΠΡΟΣ (abbreviations: Π, ΠΡ, ΠΡΟ) - at (with Dativus), towards (with Accusativus)

ΠΡΟΣ ΙΠΠΟΝ (abbreviation: ΠΡ ΙΠ) - ad Hippum (Antiochia)

ΠΡΟΣ ΙΣΤΡΟΝ - towards the river Istros (Nikopolis), today Danube

ΠΡΟΣ ΙΣΤΡΩ - at the river Istros (Nikopolis), today Danube

ΠΡΟΣ ΤΩ ΚΑΛΥΚΑ∆ΝΩ - at the river Kalykadnos (Seleukeia), today Gksu river

ΠΡΟΣ ΤΩ ΠΥΡΑΜΩ - at the river Pyramos (Hieropolis), today Kayhan river

ΠΡΩΤOΣ (abbreviation: A, ΠΡΩ) - the first

ΠΥΘΙΑ (Abbreviation: ΠΥΘ) - Pythian games

Σ written as  C: from about 25 BC

ΣΕΒΑΣΤΗ (abbreviations: Σ, ΣΕΒ, ΣΕΒΑ) - Augusta

ΣΕΒΑΣΤΟΣ (abbreviations: Σ, ΣΕΒ, ΣΕΒΑ) - Augustus

ΣΕΜΝΟΣ - venerable, sacred

ΣΤΡΑΤHΓΟΣ (abbreviationsΣΤΡ) - General, Magistrate

ΣΥΝΚΛΗΤΟΣ - Senate, often as ΙΕΡΑ ΣΥΝΚΛΗΤΟΣ - holy Senate

ΣΩΤΗΡ - Savior

TΕΤΡΑΡXΟΣ - Tetrarch (Syrien)

ΤΗΣ ΚΗΤΩΝ - of the Ketos (sea monster), epitheton of Koropissos (Cilicia)

TIΓPANOY - Tigranes

ΤΟ Β, ΤΟ Γ - for the second, the third time (e.g. archon, strategos) etc.

ΤΟΙΣ ΚΥΡΙΟΙΣ - (dedicated to) the Lords (adulating title for the Severans in Nikopolis. originally only in religious sense)

ΤΟΠΑΡXΟΣ - Toparch (High Priest in Olba/Cilicia)

ΤΟΥ ΠΟΝΤΟΥ (abbreviation: ΠΟΝ) - of the province of Pontos

TPIΠOΛEITΩN - of the people of Tripolis

ΤΩΝ (abbreviations: T) - of that, of the [city, tribe, people] plural

Y written as V: beginning unknown

ΥΙΟΥ - of the son, Gen. of ΥΙΟΣ = son


ΥΠΑΤΕΥΩΝ - legatus Augusti pro praetore (governor of a province as ex-consul)

ΥΠΑΤΕΥΟΝΤΟΣ (abbreviations: Υ, ΥΠ, ΥΠΑ) - when xy was serving as legatus Augusti pro praetore (governor of a province as ex-consul)

ΥΠΑΤΟΣ (abbreviations: ΥΠ, ΥΠΑ, ΥΠΑΤ) - Consul

ΦΙΛΑ∆ΕΛΦΟΣ - Sibling-Lover

ΦΙΛΕΛΛΕΝΟΣ - Friend of the Greeks (Title of king Aretas III)

ΦΙΛ Κ ΣΥ = ΦΙΛΑ∆ΕΛΦΙΑ ΚΟΙΛΗΣ ΣΥΡΙΑΣ - Philadelphia in Coele-Syria

ΦΙΛΑΝΤΩΝΙΟΣ - Friend of (Marcus) Antonius, title of king Tarkondimotos in Cilicia

ΦIΛIΠΠOC - Philippus

ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΠΟΛΕΙΤΩΝ - of the Philippopolitans

ΦΙΛΟΡΩΜΑΙΟΣ - friend of the Romans, title of king Ariobarzanos I

XΡΥΣΟΡΟΑΣ - name of a river god, literary: "Streaming with Gold", today Barada river in Syria

Ω written as  ω: beginning in Athens between 80 and 40 BC

All coins are guaranteed for eternity