- The Collaborative Numismatics Project
  Explore Our Website And Find Joy In The History, Numismatics, Art, Mythology, And Geography Of Coins!!! NumisWiki Is An Enormous Unique Resource Including Hundreds Of Books And Thousands Of Articles Online!!! The Column On The Left Includes Our "Best of NumisWiki" Menu If You Are New To Collecting - Start With Ancient Coin Collecting 101 NumisWiki Includes The Encyclopedia of Roman Coins and Historia Nummorum If You Have Written A Numismatic Article - Please Add It To NumisWiki All Blue Text On The Website Is Linked - Keep Clicking To ENDLESSLY EXPLORE!!! Please Visit Our Shop And Find A Coin You Love Today!!!

× Resources Home
New Articles
Most Popular
Recent Changes
Current Projects
Admin Discussions
How to
Index Of All Titles


Aes Formatum
Aes Rude
The Age of Gallienus
Alexander Tetradrachms
Ancient Coin Collecting 101
Ancient Coin Prices 101
Ancient Coin Dates
Ancient Coin Lesson Plans
Ancient Coins & Modern Fakes
Ancient Counterfeits
Ancient Glass
Ancient Metal Arrowheads
Ancient Oil Lamps
Ancient Pottery
Ancient Weapons
Ancient Wages and Prices
Ancient Weights and Scales
Anonymous Follis
Anonymous Class A Folles
Antioch Officinae
Armenian Numismatics Page
Augustus - Facing Portrait
Bronze Disease
Byzantine Denominations
A Cabinet of Greek Coins
Caesarean and Actian Eras
Campgates of Constantine
A Case of Counterfeits
Byzantine Christian Themes
Clashed Dies
Coins of Pontius Pilate
Conditions of Manufacture
Corinth Coins and Cults
Countermarked in Late Antiquity
Danubian Celts
Damnatio Coinage
Damnatio Memoriae
Denarii of Otho
Diameter 101
Die Alignment 101
Dictionary of Roman Coins
Doug Smith's Ancient Coins
Edict on Prices
ERIC - Rarity Tables
Etruscan Alphabet
The Evolving Ancient Coin Market
Fel Temp Reparatio
Fertility Pregnancy and Childbirth
Friend or Foe
The Gallic Empire
Gallienus Zoo
Greek Alphabet
Greek Coins
Greek Dates
Greek Coin Denominations
Greek Mythology Link
Greek Numismatic Dictionary
Hellenistic Names & their Meanings
Hasmonean Dynasty
Helvetica's ID Help Page
The Hexastyle Temple of Caligula
Historia Numorum
Holy Land Antiquities
Horse Harnesses
Illustrated Ancient Coin Glossary
Important Collection Auctions
Islamic Rulers and Dynasties
Julian II: The Beard and the Bull
Julius Caesar - The Funeral Speech
Kushan Coins
Later Roman Coinage
Latin Plurals
Latin Pronunciation
Library of Ancient Coinage
Life in Ancient Rome
List of Kings of Judea
Medusa Coins
Maps of the Ancient World
Military Belts
Military Belts
Mint Marks
Museum Collections Available Online
Nabataean Alphabet
Nabataean Numerals
The [Not] Cuirassed Elephant
Not in RIC
Numismatic Bulgarian
Numismatic Excellence Award
Numismatic French
Numismatic German
Numismatic Italian
Numismatic Spanish
Parthian Coins
Patina 101
Paleo-Hebrew Alphabet
Paleo-Hebrew Script Styles
People in the Bible Who Issued Coins
Imperial Mints of Philip the Arab
Phoenician Alphabet
Pi-Style Athens Tetradrachms
Pricing and Grading Roman Coins
Reading Judean Coins
Representations of Alexander the Great
Roman Coin Attribution 101
Roman Coin Legends and Inscriptions
Roman Keys
Roman Locks
Roman Militaria
Roman Military Belts
Roman Mints
Roman Names
Rome and China
Satyrs and Nymphs
Serdi Celts
The Sign that Changed the World
Silver Content of Parthian Drachms
Star of Bethlehem Coins
Statuary Coins
Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum
Syracusian Folles
Taras Drachms with Owl Left
The Temple Tax
The Temple Tax Hoard
Test Cut
Travels of Paul
Tribute Penny
Tribute Penny Debate Continued (2015)
Tribute Penny Debate Revisited (2006)
Tyrian Shekels
Uncleaned Ancient Coins 101
Venus Cloacina
What I Like About Ancient Coins
Who was Trajan Decius
Widow's Mite

   View Menu


Please add updates or make corrections to the NumisWiki text version as appropriate.

CARTHAGO (Antiqua, or Vetus, Zeugitanae, Africae), colonia.

Old Carthage:  the most celebrated city in all Africa, and for a long time the formidable rival of Republican Rome.  It was a colony of the the Tyrians, said to have been founded by Dido, 72 years before the building of Rome.  The metropolis of the Punic nation, and a great maritime power, Carthage waged three terrible wars with the Romans; and was at length subdued by Scipio Africanus Minor, 185 B.C.; and the city itself, by order of the Senate, was totally demolished. 

It was afterwards made the seat of a Roman colony by Julius Caesar, 44 B.C., and afterwards, being rebuilt and autmented by Augustus, in 29 B.C., it again became the principal of the African cities, until it was destroyed by the Arabs, towards the close of the seventh century A.D.  Its ruins are still to be distinguished near Tunis, the ancient Tunetum.

THe earliest coin of this African colony are classed by Mionnet, in his Descriptions des Medailles Romaines, as follows:

1.  Latin Autonomes.  KARTHAGO.  Female figure standing, holding the hastaRev. A horse 's head.

Another reverse has VENERIS KAR and a temple with four columns.  In second and third brass.

2.  Coins of Clodius Macer, pro-pretor of Africa; in silver. -- See MACER.

3.  Second brass coins of Augustus, Tiberius, and Drusus junior; assigned by different authors to the colony of Carthage.  (See Eckhel, D. N. Vet. iv. 139)  THe following is an example:

IMP. C. D. F. P. M. P. P.  Bare head of AugustusRev.  C.I.C. (names of duumvirs): in the middle of the field P.P. D. D. (Decreto Decurionum).

On the above cited coin the letters C.I.C. are explained by Vaillant, with whom Bimard agrees, to mean Colonia Julia Carthago.

The first of the later emperors, who revived the name of ancient Carthage on the coins of the Roman die, appears to have been Septimius Severus, who was himself of African origin; and on a coin struck in easd metal during his reign is the legend INDVLGENTIA AVG. IN. CART.  The type being Cybele seated on a running lion, holding a tympanum in her right hand and her scepter in her left--See INDVLGENTIA.

See also FELIX KART (Karthago) on coins of Severus, Caracalla, and Constantius Chlorus.

CONSERVATORES KART SVAE of Val. Maximianus and Maxentius.

SALVIS AVGG AVCTA KART of Diocletian, etc.

The last monetal record of CarthagoVetus is preserved on two silver coins of Hilderic, king of the Vandals, one of which is thus described in the great work of Mionnet: D N HILDIRIX (sic.) REX.  Beardless and diademed head of Hilderic.  Rev. FELIX KARTO. (sic.)  Woman standing with grain ears in each hand.

View whole page from the Dictionary Of Roman Coins
All coins are guaranteed for eternity